You are here


A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


F&E: Facilities and Equipment (FAA17) (FAA7) (FAA19)

FAAAC: FAA Aeronautical Center (FAA19)

FAASV: Field Artillery Ammunition Support Vehicle (MTMC1)

FAATC: FAA Technical Center (FAA17) (FAA19) (FAA8)

FAC: Final Approach Course (FAA16)

FAC: Foreign Air Carrier (FAA1)

Face Line: A line used from head of boat to the tow. (TNDOT1)

Face Up: To make-up the towboat to the tow (i.e., maneuver barges into position and secure for towing). (TNDOT1)

Face Wires: Heavy cables securing boat to tow (i.e., pusher to barge). (TNDOT1)

Facility: All or any portion of buildings, structures, sites, complexes, equipment, roads, walks, passageways, parking lots, or other real or personal property, including the site where the building, property, structure, or equipment is located. (49CFR37)

Facing Movement: The movement of a train over the points of a switch which face in a direction opposite to that in which the train is moving. (49CFR236)

Facing Point Lock Plunger: [with respect to rail operations] That part of a facing point lock which secures the lock rod to the plunger stand when the switch is locked. (49CFR236)

Facing Point Switch: [with respect to rail operations] A switch, the points of which face traffic approaching in the direction for which the track is signaled. (49CFR236)

Factory Investigative Audit: The presence of the Officer in Charge of Marine Inspection (OCMI) and other Coast Guard personnel at a manufacturing facility to gather information and evidence to prove or disprove violations of the statutes, or to investigate potential defects which may present substantial risks of personal injury. (USCG1)

FADE: FAA Airline Data Exchange (FAA17)

FAF: Final Approach Fix (FAA4) (FAA17)

Fahrenheit: A temperature scale on which the boiling point of water is at 212 degrees above zero on the scale and the freezing point is at 32 degrees above zero at standard atmospheric pressure. (DOE5)

Fair Market Value: The value of a vehicle as stated by the National Automotive Dealers Association (NADA) or other sale publication. For vehicles under the 3-year replacement cycle, Fair Market Value is the average loan indicated in the appropriate NADA publication. (GSA2)

Fairly Close: As close to the shore, dike, or light as practicable (approximately 150 feet off). (TNDOT1)

FAK: Freight All Kinds (USTTA1)

Fallen Skier: A person who has fallen off their water skies. (USCG2).

Falling River: The river condition when gage readings are decreasing day by day. (TNDOT1)

FAME: Freeway and Arterial Management Effort (FHWA15)

FANS: Future Air Navigation System (FAA17)

FAPA: Future Airline Pilots of America (BTS)

FAR: Federal Aviation Regulation (FAA2) (FAA3) (FAA6) (FAA7) (FAA19) (FAA1)

Fare: The required payment for a ride on a public transportation vehicle. It may be paid by any acceptable means, for example, cash, token, ticket, transfer, farecard, voucher, or pass or user fee. (TRB1)

FARE: Uniform Financial Accounting and Reporting Elements (FTA3)

Fare Evasion: The unlawful use of transit facilities by riding without paying the applicable fare. (FTA1)

Fare Recovery Ratio: The ratio of fare revenue to operating expenses. (TRB1)

Farm Vehicle Driver: A person who drives only a motor vehicle that is 1) Controlled and operated by a farmer as a private motor carrier of property; 2) Being used to transport either agricultural products, or farm machinery, farm supplies, or both, to or from a farm; 3) Not being used in the operation of a for-hire motor carrier; 4) Not carrying hazardous materials of a type or quantity that requires the vehicle to be placarded in accordance with 49 CFR 177.823 and 5) Being used within 150 air-miles of the farmer's farm. (49CFR390)

Farm-To-Market Agricultural Transportation: The operation of a motor vehicle controlled and operated by a farmer who: 1) Is a private motor carrier of property; 2) Is using the vehicle to transport agricultural products from a farm owned by the farmer, or to transport farm machinery or farm supplies to or from a farm owned by the farmer; and 3) Is not using the vehicle to transport hazardous materials of a type or quantity that require the vehicle to be placarded in accordance with 49 CFR 177.823. (49CFR390)

FARS: Fatal Accident Reporting System (NHTSA5)

FAS: Free Alongside Ship (DOE3) (DOE8)

FAST: Final Approach Spacing Tool (FAA17) (FAA19)

Fast File: A system whereby a pilot files a flight plan via telephone that is tape recorded and then transcribed for transmission to the appropriate air traffic facility. Locations having a fast file capability are contained in the Airport/Facility Directory. (FAA4)

FAST-TRAC: Faster and Safer Travel/Traffic Routing and Advanced Control (FHWA15)

Fatal Accident: See also Fatality.

Fatal Accident: 1) A motor vehicle traffic accident resulting in one or more fatal injuries. 2) An accident for which at least one fatality was reported. (FHWA1) (FHWA4) (FHWA5)

Fatal Accident: (See also Fatality) Statistics reported to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) shall conform to the 30-day rule, i.e., a fatality resulting from a highway vehicular accident is to be counted only if death occurs within 30 days of the accident. (FHWA2)

Fatal Accident: An accident that results in one or more deaths within one year. (NSC1)

Fatal Accident Rate: The fatal accident rate is the number of fatal accidents per 100 million vehicle miles of travel. (FHWA5)

Fatal Alcohol Involvement Crash: A fatal crash is alcohol-related or alcohol-involved if either a driver or a non motorist (usually a pedestrian) had a measurable or estimated blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.01 grams per deciliter (g/dl) or above. (NHTSA3)

Fatal Crash: A police-reported crash involving a motor vehicle in transport on a trafficway in which at least one person dies within 30 days of the crash. (NHTSA3) (NHTSA4)

Fatal Injury: Any injury which results in death within 7 days of the accident. (FAA2)

Fatal Injury: Any injury which results in death within 30 days of the accident. (FHWA5) (NTSB1) (NTSB2)

Fatal Plus Nonfatal Injury Accidents: The sum of all fatal accidents and nonfatal-injury accidents. (FHWA5)

Fatality: See also Accident, Casualty, Collision, Crash, Derailment, Event, Fatal Accident, Incident, Injury.

Fatality: Death resulting from the failure or escape of gas. (AGA1)

Fatality: Are those 1) Which result from motor vehicle accidents that occurred during the relevant calendar year and 2) Those in which the injured person(s) died within 30 days of the accident. (FHWA2)

Fatality: The death of a person resulting from an injury incurred during railroad operations or resulting from an occupational illness, if death occurs within 365 days of initial diagnosis. (FRA3)

Fatality: A death confirmed within 30 days after an incident which occurs under the collision, derailment, personal casualty, or fire categories. (FTA1)

Fatality: A transit caused death confirmed within 30 days of a transit incident. (FTA2)

Fatality: A death as the result of a crash that involves a motor vehicle in transport on a trafficway and in which at least one person dies within 30 days of the crash. (NHTSA1)

Fatality: For purposes of statistical reporting on transportation safety fatality shall be considered a death due to injuries in a transportation accident or incident that occurs within 30 days of that accident or incident. (OST1)

Fatality Rate: The average number of fatalities which occurred per accident or per one hundred accidents. (FHWA2)

Fatality Rate: The fatality rate is the number of fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles of travel. (FHWA5)

Fatality/Injury: Refers to the average number of fatalities and injuries which occurred per one hundred accidents. Frequently used as an index of accident severity. (FHWA4)

FATO: Final Approach and Takeoff Area (OST3)

Fault of Operator: Speeding; overloading; improper loading, not properly seating occupants of boat; no longer lookout; carelessness; failure to heed weather warnings; operating in a congested area; not observing the Rules of the Road; unsafe fueling practices; lack of experience; ignorance of aids to navigation; lack of caution in an unfamiliar area of operation; improper installation or maintenance of hull, machinery or equipment; poor judgment; recklessness; overpowering the boat; panic; proceeding in an unseaworthy craft; operating a motorboat near persons in the water; staring engine with clutch engaged or throttle advanced; irresponsible boat handling such as quick, sharp turns. (USCG2)

FBL: Flight-By-Light (OST3)

FBO: Fixed Base Operator (FAA17)

FBSA: Federal Boating Safety Act of 1971 (USCG1)

FBW: Fly-By-Wire (OST3)

FCI: Functional Capacity Index (NHTSA5)

FCL: Full Container Load (MARAD2)

FCLT: Freeze Calculated Landing Time (FAA4)

FCS: Flight Control System (OST3)

FDAD: Full Digital Arts Display (FAA17)

FDE: Flight Data Entry (FAA8)

FDIO: Flight Data Input Output (FAA7)

Feathered Propeller: A propeller whose blades have been rotated so that the leading and trailing edges are nearly parallel with the aircraft flight path to stop or minimize drag and engine rotation. Normally used to indicate shutdown of a reciprocating or turboprop engine due to malfunction. (FAA4)

Federal Aid Secondary Highway System: This existed prior to the ISTEA [Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act] of 1991 and included rural collector routes. (FHWA5)

Federal Aid Urban Highway System: This existed prior to the ISTEA [Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act] of 1991 and included urban arterial and collector routes, exclusive of urban extensions of the Federal-Aid Primary system. (FHWA5)

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): Formerly the Federal Aviation Agency, the Federal Aviation Administration was established by the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (49 U.S.C. 106) and became a component of the Department of Transportation in 1967 pursuant to the Department of Transportation Act (49 U.S.C. app. 1651 note). The Administration is charged with 1) regulating air commerce in ways that best promote its development and safety and fulfill the requirements of national defense. 2) controlling the use of navigable airspace of the United States and regulating both civil and military operations in such airspace in the interest of safety and efficiency. 3) promoting, encouraging, and developing civil aeronautics. 4) consolidating research and development with respect to air navigation facilities. 5) installing and operating air navigation facilities. 6) developing and operating a common system of air traffic control and navigation for both civil and military aircraft. and 7) developing and implementing programs and regulations to control aircraft noise, sonic boom, and other environmental effects of civil aviation. (OFR1)

Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR): The set of regulatory obligations contained in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations which FAA is charged to enforce in order to promote the safety of civil aviation both domestically and internationally. (FAA1)

Federal Boating Safety Act (FBSA): Enacted by Congress on 10 August 1971, it gave the Coast Guard the authority to establish comprehensive boating safety programs, authorized the establishment of national construction and performance standards for boats and associated equipment and created a more flexible regulatory authority concerning the use of boats and associated equipment. Amended by the Recreational Boating Safety and Facilities Improvement Act of 1980 aka The Recreational Boating Fund Act of 1980 (The Biaggi Act) which provided financial assistance, in part through motorboat fuel taxes, for State recreational boating safety programs. Now recodified as Chapter 43 of Title 46, United States Code. (USCG1)

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC): The Federal agency with jurisdiction over interstate electricity sales, wholesale electric rates, hydroelectric licensing, natural gas pricing, oil pipeline rates, and gas pipeline certification. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is an independent regulatory agency within the Department of Energy and is the successor to the Federal Power Commission. (DOE1) (DOE5)

Federal Hazardous Material Transportation Law: 49 U.S.C. 5101 et seq. (49CFR171)

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA): Became a component of the Department of Transportation in 1967 pursuant to the Department of Transportation Act (49 U.S.C. app. 1651 note). It administers the highway transportation programs of the Department of Transportation under pertinent legislation and the provisions of law cited in section 6a) of the act (49 U.S.C. 104) The Administration encompasses highway transportation in its broadest scope seeking to coordinate highways with other modes of transportation to achieve the most effective balance of transportation systems and facilities under cohesive Federal transportation policies pursuant to the act. The Administration administers the Federal-Aid Highway Program; is responsible for several highway-related safety programs; is authorized to establish and maintain a National Network for trucks; administers a coordinated Federal lands program; coordinates varied research, development and technology transfer activities; supports and participates in efforts to find research and technology abroad; plus a few additional programs. (OFR1)

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSR): The regulations are contained in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Chapter III, Subchapter B. (FHWA2) (FHWA4)

Federal Power Act: Enacted in 1920, and amended in 1935, the Act consists of three parts. The first part incorporated the Federal Water Power Act administered by the former Federal Power Commission, whose activities were confined almost entirely to licensing non-Federal hydroelectric projects. Parts II and III were added with the passage of the Public Utility Act. These parts extended the Act's jurisdiction to include regulating the interstate transmission of electrical energy and rates for its sale as wholesale in interstate commerce. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is now charged with the administration of this law. (DOE5)

Federal Railroad Administration (FRA): The purpose of the Federal Railroad Administration is to promulgate and enforce rail safety regulations, administer railroad financial assistance programs, conduct research and development in support of improved railroad safety and national rail transportation policy, provide for the rehabilitation of Northeast corridor rail passenger service, and consolidate government support of rail transportation activities. The FRA was created pursuant to section 3(e)(1) of the Department of Transportation Act of 1966 (49 U.S.C. app. 1652). (OFR1)

Federal Register: Daily publication which provides a uniform system for making regulations and legal notices issued by the Executive Branch and various departments of the Federal government available to the public. (USCG1)

Federal Transit Administration (FTA): (Formerly the Urban Mass Transportation Administration) operates under the authority of the Federal Transit Act, as amended (49 U.S.C. app. 1601 et seq.). The Federal Transit Act was repealed on July 5, 1994, and the Federal transit laws were codified and re-enacted as chapter 53 of Title 49, United States Code. The Federal Transit Administration was established as a component of the Department of Transportation by section 3 of Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1968 (5 U.S.C. app.), effective July 1, 1968. The missions of the Administration are 1) to assist in the development of improved mass transportation facilities, equipment, techniques, and methods, with the cooperation of mass transportation companies both public and private. 2) to encourage the planning and establishment of areawide urban mass transportation systems needed for economical and desirable urban development, with the cooperation of mass transportation companies both public and private. and 3) to provide assistance to State and local governments and their instrumentalities in financing such systems, to be operated by public or private mass transportation companies as determined by local needs; and 4) to provide financial assistance to State and local governments to help implement national goals relating to mobility for elderly persons, persons with disabilities, and economically disadvantaged persons. (OFR1)

Federal Water Pollution Control Act (FWPCA): Law passed in 1970 and amended in 1972 giving the Coast Guard a mandate to develop, among other things, marine sanitation device regulations. (USCG1)

Federal-Aid Highways: Those highways eligible for assistance under Title 23 U.S.C. except those functionally classified as local or rural minor collectors. (23CFR500)

Federal-Aid Primary Highway System: The Federal-Aid Highway System of rural arterials and their extensions into or through urban areas in existence on June 1, 1991, as described in 23 U.S.C. 103b) in effect at that time. (23CFR658)

Feeder Bus: A bus service that picks up and delivers passengers to a rail rapid transit station or express bus stop or terminal. (APTA1)

Feeder Fix: The fix depicted on Instrument Approach Procedure Charts which establishes the starting point of the feeder route. (FAA4)

Feeder Route: A route depicted on instrument approach procedure charts to designate routes for aircraft to proceed from the en route structure to the initial approach fix (IAF). (FAA4)

Feeder Vessel: A vessel which transfers containers to a "mother ship" for an ocean voyage. (MARAD2)

FEEST: Freight Equipment Environmental Sampling Test Program (RSPA1)

FEMA: Federal Emergency Management Agency (MOCD)

FERC: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (BTS8) (DOE3) (DOE8)

Ferries: Establishments primarily engaged in operating ferries for the transportation of passengers or vehicles. (BOC1)

Ferry Boat: A boat providing fixed-route service across a body of water. (APTA1)

Ferry Crossing: Route used to transport traffic between two points separated by water. (DOI3)

Ferry Flight: A flight for the purpose of: 1) Returning an aircraft to base. 2) Delivering an aircraft from one location to another. 3) Moving an aircraft to and from a maintenance base. Ferry flights, under certain conditions, may be conducted under terms of a special flight permit. (FAA4)