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Table 4-11: Light Duty Vehicle, Short Wheel Base and Motorcycle Fuel Consumption and Travel

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  1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 (R) 2011 2012
Vehicles registered (thousands)                                                          
Light duty vehicles, short wheel base 61,671 75,258 89,244 106,706 121,601 127,885 133,700 128,300 126,581 127,327 127,883 128,387 129,728 129,749 131,839 132,432 133,621 137,633 135,921 135,670 136,431 136,568 135,400 196,491 196,763 193,980 190,203 183,523 183,172
Motorcycles 574 1,382 2,824 4,964 5,694 5,444 4,259 4,177 4,065 3,978 3,757 3,897 3,872 3,826 3,879 4,152 4,346 4,903 5,004 5,370 5,768 6,227 6,679 7,138 7,753 7,930 8,010 8,438 8,455
Vehicle-miles traveled (millions)                                                          
Light duty vehicles, short wheel basea 587,000 723,000 917,000 1,034,000 1,112,000 1,247,000 1,408,000 1,358,000 1,372,000 1,375,000 1,406,000 1,438,000 1,469,854 1,502,556 1,549,577 1,569,100 1,600,287 1,628,332 1,658,474 1,672,079 1,699,890 1,708,421 1,690,534 2,104,416 2,024,757 2,015,714 2,025,745 2,046,282 2,063,357
Motorcycles U U 3,000 5,600 10,200 9,100 9,600 9,200 9,600 9,900 10,200 9,800 9,920 10,081 10,283 10,584 10,469 9,639 9,552 9,577 10,122 10,454 12,049 21,396 20,811 20,822 18,513 18,542 21,298
Fuel consumed (million gallons)                                                          
Light duty vehicles, short wheel basea 41,171 49,723 67,819 74,140 69,982 71,518 69,568 64,317 65,436 67,048 67,874 68,072 69,221 69,892 71,695 73,283 73,065 73,559 75,471 75,455 75,402 77,418 75,009 89,577 85,589 85,658 86,789 88,359 88,541
Motorcycles U U 60 113 204 182 191 184 191 198 205 196 198 202 206 212 209 193 191 192 202 189 221 475 489 482 427 426 489
Average miles traveled per vehicle (thousands)                                                          
Light duty vehicles, short wheel basea 9.5 9.6 10.3 9.7 9.1 9.8 10.5 10.6 10.8 10.8 11.0 11.2 11.3 11.6 11.8 11.8 12.0 11.8 12.2 12.3 12.5 12.5 12.5 10.7 10.3 10.4 10.7 11.2 11.3
Motorcycles U U 1.1 1.1 1.8 1.7 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 3.0 2.7 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.5
Average miles traveled per gallon                                                          
Light duty vehicles, short wheel basea 14.3 14.5 13.5 13.9 15.9 17.4 20.2 21.1 21.0 20.5 20.7 21.1 21.2 21.5 21.6 21.4 21.9 22.1 22.0 22.2 22.5 22.1 22.5 23.5 23.7 23.5 23.3 23.2 23.3
Motorcycles U U 50.0 49.6 50.0 50.0 50.3 50.0 50.3 50.0 49.8 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 49.9 50.0 50.0 50.0 55.3 54.5 45.1 42.5 43.2 43.4 43.5 43.5
Average fuel consumed per vehicle (gallons)                                                          
Light duty vehicles, short wheel basea 667.6 660.7 759.9 694.8 575.5 559.2 520.3 501.3 516.9 526.6 530.8 530.2 533.6 538.7 543.8 553.4 546.8 534.5 555.3 556.2 552.7 566.9 554.0 455.9 435.0 441.6 456.3 481.5 483.4
Motorcycles U U 21.2 22.8 35.8 33.4 44.8 44.1 47.0 49.8 54.6 50.3 51.2 52.7 53.0 51.0 48.2 39.4 38.2 35.7 35.1 30.4 33.1 66.5 63.1 60.8 53.3 50.5 57.8

KEY: R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

a 1960 and 1965 data include Motorcycles.

NOTES

Average miles traveled per vehicle, Average miles traveled per gallon, and Average fuel consumed per vehicle are derived by calculation.

Data for 2007-12 were calculated using a new methodology for light duty vehicles and motorcycles developed by FHWA. Data for these years are based on new categories and are not comparable to previous years. The new category Light duty vehicle, short wheel base includes passenger cars, light trucks, vans and sport utility vehicles with a wheelbase (WB) equal to or less than 121 inches. The new category Light duty vehicle, long wheel base is found in table 4-12 and includes large passenger cars, vans, pickup trucks, and sport/utility vehicles with wheelbases (WB) larger than 121 inches. This edition of 4-11 is not comparable to editions from 2009 or earlier.

SOURCES

1960-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), tables MV-201 and VM-201A, available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/hsspubs.cfm as of Mar. 23, 2009.

1995-2012: Ibid., Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1, available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohpi/hss/hsspubs.cfm as of Mar. 4, 2014.