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February 2014 U.S. Airline Traffic Data

Press Release Number: 
BTS 24-14
Date: 
Thursday, May 15, 2014
Media Contact: 
Dave Smallen, 202-366-5568

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The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) reported today that U.S. airlines carried 52.4 million systemwide (domestic + international) scheduled service passengers in February 2014, 0.1 percent fewer than in February 2013. The systemwide total was the result of a 0.5 percent decrease in the number of domestic passengers (45.5 million) and a 2.6 percent increase in international passengers (6.9 million) (Tables 1, 7, 13).

Passengers on All U.S. Scheduled Airlines (Domestic & International),
February 2009-February 2014

Table Version | Excel

Passengers on All U.S. Scheduled Airlines (Domestic & International), February 2009-February 2014

SOURCE for recession dates: National Bureau of Economic Research, US Business Cycle Expansions and Contractions

BTS reported that U.S. airlines carried 0.3 percent more total systemwide passengers during the first two months of 2014 (108.2 million) than during the same period in 2013 (Table 2). Domestically, U.S. airlines carried 93.4 million passengers, down 0.2 percent from 2013 (Table 8). Internationally, they carried 14.8 million passengers, up 3.5 percent from 2013 (Table 14). See Tables 2, 8 and 14 of Air Traffic Press Releases for previous-year data.

The February 2014 systemwide load factor (79.8 percent) and domestic load factor (82.1) were record highs for the month of February, topping the previous highs recorded in February 2013 while the international load factor (75.0) remained below the February 2013 level.  Systemwide and domestic capacity measured by available seat-miles (ASMs) was reduced while revenue passenger-miles (RPMs) grew, resulting in higher load factors. International capacity rose faster than the growth in RPMs, reducing the load factor (Tables 1, 7, 13). Load factor is a measure of the use of aircraft capacity that compares RPMs as a proportion of ASMs.

The passenger total in February 2014 was the lowest since February 2011. RPMs reached the highest level since February 2008 while capacity measured in ASMs remained 10.1 percent below the 2008 peak for the month of February.

Additional traffic data can be found on the BTS Airlines and Airports page.  Click on a link in the Quick Links box on the right.  For additional U.S. carrier passenger and freight data since 1996, see Traffic on the BTS website.

Top Airlines

Monthly: In February, Southwest Airlines carried more systemwide passengers and more domestic passengers than any other U.S. airline (Tables 4, 10). United Airlines carried the most international passengers (Table 16). The top 10 U.S. airlines carried 80.9 percent of systemwide passengers, up from 80.4 percent carried by the U.S. airlines that were in the top 10 in February 2013.

Year-to-date: During the first two months of 2014, Delta carried more systemwide passengers than any other U.S. airline (Table 3). Southwest carried the most domestic passengers (Table 9) while United carried the most international passengers (Table 15). The top 10 U.S. airlines carried 81.0 percent of systemwide passengers, up from 80.5 percent carried by the U.S. airlines that were in the top 10 during the first two months of 2013.

Top Airports           

Monthly: In February, more total systemwide passengers boarded planes at Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson International than at any other U.S. airport. More domestic passengers boarded planes at Atlanta than any other U.S. airport while more international passengers boarded U.S. carriers at Miami (Tables 6, 12, 18).

Year-to-date: During the first two months of 2014, more total systemwide passengers boarded planes at Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson International than at any other U.S. airport. More domestic passengers boarded planes at Atlanta than any other U.S. airport while more international passengers boarded U.S. carriers at Miami (Tables 5, 11, 17).

Reporting Notes
Data are compiled from monthly reports filed with BTS by commercial U.S. air carriers detailing operations, passenger traffic and freight traffic. This release includes data received by BTS from 79 carriers as of May 6 for U.S. carrier scheduled civilian operations.

Southwest and AirTran Airways are reporting as separate carriers with the exception of their financial reports.  They have one FAA SOC (single operating certificate), requiring that they utilize the same safety/operating procedures, but they have separate DOT 401 economic certificates, meaning they remain operating as separate economic entities.

Go to http://www.transtats.bts.gov/releaseinfo.asp for the complete list of reporting and non-reporting carriers. U.S. carriers’ foreign point-to-point flights are included in system and international totals. To create a customized table for passengers, flights, RPMs, ASMs and other data, including non-scheduled service, go to http://apps.bts.gov/xml/air_traffic/src/index.xml#CustomizeTable

For additional scheduled service numbers for U.S. airlines, U.S. and foreign airlines, by airline and by airport, see Passengers, Flights, Revenue Passenger-Miles, Available Seat-Miles and Load Factor.

Traffic numbers are available on the BTS website at TranStats, the Intermodal Transportation Database, at http://transtats.bts.gov.  Click on “Aviation.”  For systemwide passengers, RPMs and ASMs by carrier through February, click on “Air Carrier Summary Data (Form 41 and 298C Summary Data),” and then click on “Schedule T-1.” Use crosstabs to find scheduled service.

For domestic numbers through February and international numbers through November by origin as well as by carrier, click on “Aviation,” then click on “Air Carrier Statistics (Form 41 Traffic).”  Click on “T-100 Market” for system passenger numbers, “T-100 Domestic Market” for domestic or “T-100 International Market” for international.  For flights, stage length and trip length, use the appropriate T-100 Segment database. Use crosstabs to find scheduled service.

International totals in this press release consist of all U.S. carrier operations to and from the U.S. and from one foreign point to another foreign point. TranStats T-100 systemwide and international totals do not include U.S. carriers’ foreign point-to-point flights. For February, U.S. carriers reported 158,032 foreign point-to-point passengers. For January through February, U.S. carriers reported 340,050 foreign point-to-point passengers.

Data are subject to revision. BTS has scheduled June 12 for the release of March traffic data. None of the data are from samples so measures of statistical significance do not apply.

 

Table 1. Scheduled System (Domestic and International) Airline Travel on U.S. Airlines

  Monthly Year-to-Date
Feb 2013 Feb 2014 Change % 2013 2014 Change %
Passengers (in millions) 52.5 52.4 -0.1 107.8 108.2 0.3
Flights (in thousands) 671.7 637.9 -5.0 1,403.8 1,329.6 -5.3
Revenue Passenger Miles (in billions) 57.5 57.9 0.6 120.0 122.0 1.7
Available Seat-Miles (in billions) 72.6 72.5 -0.2 151.8 152.3 0.3
Load Factor* 79.2 79.8 0.7 79.0 80.1 1.1
Flight Stage Length** 760.6 784.6 3.2 761.0 788.5 3.6
Passenger Trip Length*** 1,096.0 1,104.4 0.8 1,112.4 1,127.4 1.3

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market and Segment

* Change in load factor points

** The average non-stop distance flown per departure in miles

*** The average distance flown per passenger in miles

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 2. Total System (Domestic and International) Scheduled Enplanements on U.S. Airlines

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

  2012 2013 2012-2013 Pct. Change 2014 2013-2014 Pct. Change
January 54.4 55.3 1.7 55.8 0.8
February 53.1 52.5 -1.2 52.4 -0.1
March 64.5 65.1 1.0    
April 61.5 61.0 -0.8    
May 63.7 64.8 1.7    
June 66.6 67.1 0.7    
July 69.2 69.2 0.0    
August 67.8 67.7 0.0    
September 57.4 58.2 1.3    
October 60.9 62.1 2.0    
November 58.7 57.6 -2.0    
December 58.9 62.5 6.1    
2 Mo. Total 107.5 107.8 0.3 108.2 0.3
Yr. Total 736.7 743.1 0.9    

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 3. Top 10 U.S. Airlines, ranked by January-February 2014 Systemwide (Domestic and International) Scheduled Enplanements

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

Jan-Feb 2014 Rank Carrier Jan-Feb 2014 Enplaned Passengers Jan-Feb 2013 Rank Jan-Feb 2013 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2013-2014
1 Delta 17.184 1 16.571 3.7
2 Southwest* 16.951 2 15.939 6.3
3 American 13.480 3 13.337 1.1
4 United 13.048 4 13.280 -1.7
5 US Airways 8.630 5 8.774 -1.6
6 JetBlue 4.570 7 4.546 0.5
7 ExpressJet 4.410 6 4.651 -5.2
8 SkyWest 3.984 8 4.077 -2.3
9 Alaska 2.989 9 2.849 4.9
10 American Eagle 2.431 11 2.675 -9.1

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market

* The merged Southwest and AirTran are now reporting separately although operating under a single certificate.

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 4. Top 10 U.S. Airlines, ranked by February 2014 Systemwide (Domestic and International) Scheduled Enplanements

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

Feb 2014 Rank Carrier Feb 2014 Enplaned Passengers Feb 2013 Rank Feb 2013 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2013-2014
1 Southwest* 8.382 2 7.892 6.2
2 Delta 8.335 1 8.063 3.4
3 American 6.375 4 6.360 0.2
4 United 6.293 3 6.363 -1.1
5 US Airways 4.018 5 4.398 -8.7
6 JetBlue 2.230 7 2.162 3.1
7 ExpressJet 2.184 6 2.261 -3.4
8 SkyWest 1.940 8 1.991 -2.6
9 Alaska 1.454 9 1.374 5.9
10 American Eagle 1.204 11 1.276 -5.6

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market

* The merged Southwest and AirTran are now reporting separately although operating under a single certificate.

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 5. Top 10 U.S. Airports, ranked by January-February 2014 Systemwide (Domestic and International) Scheduled Enplanements on U.S. Airlines

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

Jan-Feb 2014 Rank Airport Jan-Feb 2014 Enplaned Passengers Jan-Feb 2013 Rank Jan-Feb 2013 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2013-2014
1 Atlanta 6.281 1 6.435 -2.4
2 Dallas/Fort Worth 4.407 2 4.285 2.9
3 Chicago O'Hare 4.009 3 4.143 -3.2
4 Los Angeles 3.907 5 3.582 9.1
5 Denver 3.757 4 3.705 1.4
6 Charlotte 3.130 6 3.186 -1.8
7 Phoenix 3.037 7 3.029 0.3
8 Las Vegas 2.793 8 2.694 3.7
9 Houston Bush 2.747 9 2.690 2.1
10 San Francisco 2.690 10 2.554 5.4

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 6. Top 10 U.S. Airports, ranked by February 2014 Systemwide (Domestic and International) Scheduled Enplanements on U.S. Airlines

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

Feb 2014 Rank Airport Feb 2014 Enplaned Passengers Feb 2013 Rank Feb 2013 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2013-2014
1 Atlanta 3.053 1 3.140 -2.8
2 Dallas/Fort Worth 2.094 2 2.093 0.1
3 Chicago O'Hare 2.061 3 2.006 2.7
4 Los Angeles 1.846 5 1.719 7.4
5 Denver 1.811 4 1.774 2.1
6 Phoenix 1.474 7 1.521 -3.0
7 Charlotte 1.441 6 1.595 -9.6
8 Las Vegas 1.343 8 1.305 2.9
9 Houston Bush 1.339 9 1.296 3.4
10 San Francisco 1.289 10 1.251 3.0

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 7. Domestic Scheduled Airline Travel on U.S. Airlines

  Monthly Year-to-Date
Feb 2013 Feb 2014 Change % 2013 2014 Change %
Passengers (in millions) 45.7 45.5 -0.5 93.6 93.4 -0.2
Flights (in thousands) 607.4 573.2 -5.6 1,269.3 1,194.9 -5.9
Revenue Passenger Miles (in billions) 40.4 40.5 0.5 83.1 84.1 1.2
Available Seat-Miles (in billions) 50.0 49.4 -1.2 104.1 103.4 -0.7
Load Factor* 80.8 82.1 1.3 79.8 81.4 1.5
Flight Stage Length** 652.8 670.5 2.7 652.4 672.7 3.1
Passenger Trip Length*** 882.4 891.3 1.0 888.0 900.5 1.4

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Domestic Market and Segment

* Change in load factor points

** The average non-stop distance flown per departure in miles

*** The average distance flown per passenger in miles

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 8. Domestic Scheduled Enplanements on U.S. Airlines

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

  2012 2013 2012-2013 Pct. Change 2014 2013-2014 Pct. Change
January 47.1 47.8 1.6 47.9 0.2
February 46.4 45.7 -1.4 45.5 -0.5
March 56.2 56.6 0.6    
April 53.7 53.2 -0.9    
May 55.7 56.6 1.5    
June 57.9 58.0 0.1    
July 59.7 59.3 -0.6    
August 58.6 58.1 -0.9    
September 50.1 50.8 1.3    
October 53.8 54.7 1.7    
November 51.8 50.5 -2.5    
December 51.2 54.3 6.2    
2 Mo. Total 93.5 93.6 0.1 93.4 -0.2
Yr. Total 642.3 645.6 0.5    

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Domestic Market

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 9. Top 10 U.S. Airlines, ranked by January-February 2014 Domestic Scheduled Enplanements

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

Jan-Feb 2014 Rank Carrier Jan-Feb 2014 Enplaned Passengers Jan-Feb 2013 Rank Jan-Feb 2013 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2013-2014
1 Southwest* 16.951 1 15.939 6.3
2 Delta 13.943 2 13.596 2.6
3 American 10.040 3 10.018 0.2
4 United 9.353 4 9.640 -3.0
5 US Airways 7.681 5 7.746 -0.8
6 ExpressJet 3.955 6 4.208 -6.0
7 JetBlue 3.781 7 3.893 -2.9
8 SkyWest 3.752 8 3.864 -2.9
9 Alaska 2.666 9 2.545 4.8
10 American Eagle 2.217 11 2.406 -7.9

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Domestic Market

* The merged Southwest and AirTran are now reporting separately although operating under a single certificate.

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 10. Top 10 U.S. Airlines, ranked by February 2014 Domestic Scheduled Enplanements

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

Feb 2014 Rank Carrier Feb 2014 Enplaned Passengers Feb 2013 Rank Feb 2013 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2013-2014
1 Southwest* 8.382 1 7.892 6.2
2 Delta 6.829 2 6.651 2.7
3 American 4.817 3 4.822 -0.1
4 United 4.566 4 4.686 -2.6
5 US Airways 3.571 5 3.887 -8.1
6 ExpressJet 1.962 6 2.050 -4.3
7 JetBlue 1.856 8 1.852 0.2
8 SkyWest 1.828 7 1.886 -3.0
9 Alaska 1.300 10 1.228 5.9
10 American Eagle 1.102 11 1.149 -4.1

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Domestic Market

* The merged Southwest and AirTran are now reporting separately although operating under a single certificate.

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 11. Top 10 U.S. Airports, ranked by January-February 2014 Domestic Scheduled Enplanements

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

Jan-Feb 2014 Rank Airport Jan-Feb 2014 Enplaned Passengers Jan-Feb 2013 Rank Jan-Feb 2013 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2013-2014
1 Atlanta 5.624 1 5.837 -3.6
2 Dallas/Fort Worth 3.984 2 3.906 2.0
3 Chicago O'Hare 3.625 3 3.753 -3.4
4 Denver 3.617 4 3.603 0.4
5 Los Angeles 3.570 5 3.298 8.3
6 Charlotte 2.938 6 2.988 -1.7
7 Phoenix 2.915 7 2.894 0.7
8 Las Vegas 2.790 8 2.691 3.7
9 San Francisco 2.423 10 2.307 5.0
10 Orlando 2.393 9 2.390 0.2

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Domestic Market

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 12. Top 10 U.S. Airports, ranked by February 2014 Domestic Scheduled Enplanements

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

Feb 2014 Rank Airport Feb 2014 Enplaned Passengers Feb 2013 Rank Feb 2013 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2013-2014
1 Atlanta 2.741 1 2.850 -3.8
2 Dallas/Fort Worth 1.899 2 1.912 -0.7
3 Chicago O'Hare 1.870 3 1.825 2.5
4 Denver 1.739 4 1.723 0.9
5 Los Angeles 1.687 5 1.583 6.5
6 Phoenix 1.415 7 1.450 -2.4
7 Charlotte 1.348 6 1.492 -9.7
8 Las Vegas 1.341 8 1.303 2.9
9 Orlando 1.170 9 1.158 1.1
10 San Francisco 1.158 10 1.132 2.2

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Domestic Market

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 13. International Scheduled Airline Travel on U.S. Airlines

  Monthly Year-to-Date
Feb 2013 Feb 2014 Change % 2013 2014 Change %
Passengers (in millions) 6.8 6.9 2.6 14.3 14.8 3.5
Flights (in thousands) 64.3 64.7 0.6 134.5 134.7 0.1
Revenue Passenger Miles (in billions) 17.2 17.3 1.0 36.9 37.9 2.6
Available Seat-Miles (in billions) 22.7 23.1 1.9 47.7 48.9 2.4
Load Factor* 75.6 75.0 -0.7 77.3 77.4 0.1
Flight Stage Length** 1,778.3 1,794.8 0.9 1,786.0 1,815.1 1.6
Passenger Trip Length*** 2,542.3 2,503.5 -1.5 2,582.4 2,561.1 -0.8

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market and Segment

* Change in load factor points

** The average non-stop distance flown per departure in miles

*** The average distance flown per passenger in miles

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 14. International Scheduled Enplanements on U.S. Airlines

Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

  2012 2013 2012-2013 Pct. Change 2014 2013-2014 Pct. Change
January 7.4 7.5 2.3 7.9 4.3
February 6.7 6.8 0.8 6.9 2.6
March 8.3 8.5 3.3    
April 7.8 7.8 -0.6    
May 7.9 8.2 3.7    
June 8.7 9.1 4.3    
July 9.5 9.9 4.3    
August 9.1 9.6 5.5    
September 7.3 7.4 1.9    
October 7.2 7.5 4.2    
November 6.9 7.1 2.3    
December 7.7 8.2 5.9    
2 Mo. Total 14.1 14.3 1.6 14.8 3.5
Yr. Total 94.4 97.5 3.3    

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 15. Top 10 U.S. Airlines, ranked by January-February 2014 International Scheduled Enplanements

Passenger numbers in thousands (000)

Jan-Feb 2014 Rank Carrier Jan-Feb 2014 Enplaned Passengers Jan-Feb 2013 Rank Jan-Feb 2013 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2013-2014
1 United 3,695.1 1 3,639.3 1.5
2 American 3,440.0 2 3,319.3 3.6
3 Delta 3,240.8 3 2,974.9 8.9
4 US Airways 948.1 4 1,027.1 -7.7
5 JetBlue 789.4 5 652.8 20.9
6 ExpressJet 454.4 6 443.5 2.4
7 Alaska 323.0 7 304.0 6.3
8 AirTran 279.0 9 232.3 20.1
9 SkyWest 231.9 10 212.8 8.9
10 Spirit 223.0 11 199.0 12.1

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 16. Top 10 U.S. Airlines, ranked by February 2014 International Scheduled Enplanements

Passenger numbers in thousands (000)

Feb 2014 Rank Carrier Feb 2014 Enplaned Passengers Feb 2013 Rank Feb 2013 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2013-2014
1 United 1,727.4 1 1,677.1 3.0
2 American 1,558.4 2 1,537.3 1.4
3 Delta 1,505.8 3 1,412.8 6.6
4 US Airways 447.1 4 511.8 -12.7
5 JetBlue 373.5 5 310.6 20.3
6 ExpressJet 222.0 6 210.8 5.3
7 Alaska 153.9 7 145.6 5.7
8 AirTran 136.3 9 116.9 16.6
9 SkyWest 112.0 10 105.8 5.9
10 Spirit 102.1 11 92.7 10.1

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 17. Top 10 U.S. Airports, ranked by January-February 2014 International Scheduled Enplanements on U.S. Airlines

Passenger numbers in thousands (000)

Jan-Feb 2014 Rank Airport Jan-Feb 2014 Enplaned Passengers Jan-Feb 2013 Rank Jan-Feb 2013 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2013-2014
1 Miami 987.6 1 947.8 4.2
2 New York JFK 670.2 2 652.1 2.8
3 Atlanta 656.8 3 598.4 9.8
4 Houston Bush 542.2 5 505.1 7.4
5 Newark 531.5 4 558.9 -4.9
6 Dallas/Fort Worth 423.6 7 378.5 11.9
7 Chicago O'Hare 383.5 6 390.2 -1.7
8 Los Angeles 336.6 8 283.9 18.5
9 San Francisco 267.2 9 246.8 8.3
10 Detroit Metro 207.8 12 204.6 1.5

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 18. Top 10 U.S. Airports, ranked by February 2014 International Scheduled Enplanements on U.S. Airlines

Passenger numbers in thousands (000)

Feb 2014 Rank Airport Feb 2014 Enplaned Passengers Feb 2013 Rank Feb 2013 Enplaned Passengers Pct. Change 2013-2014
1 Miami 458.9 1 450.6 1.8
2 New York JFK 320.4 2 306.6 4.5
3 Atlanta 311.5 3 290.7 7.2
4 Houston Bush 257.4 5 236.8 8.7
5 Newark 251.5 4 259.5 -3.1
6 Dallas/Fort Worth 194.5 7 180.5 7.7
7 Chicago O'Hare 190.8 6 181.9 4.9
8 Los Angeles 159.4 8 135.7 17.4
9 San Francisco 131.3 9 118.6 10.7
10 Minneapolis 107.8 12 98.7 9.2

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market

Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.