You are here

Trucks Transported 60.7% of U.S.-NAFTA Trade in June 2013

Press Release Number: 
BTS 40-13
Date: 
Wednesday, August 28, 2013
Media Contact: 
Dave Smallen, 202-366-5568

PDF | Excel

Figure 1.  June U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows by All Modes of Transportation 2004-2013
(June of each year)

June U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows by All Modes of Transportation 2004-2013 (June of each year)

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data

The Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation today released June North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) freight numbers showing that trucks carried 60.7 percent of the $93.5 billion of freight moved in June 2013 between the United States and its NAFTA partners, Canada and Mexico. Trucks were followed by rail at 15.8 percent, vessels at 8.2 percent, pipelines at 6.5 percent and air at 3.9 percent (Figure 3).

BTS, a part of the Department’s Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the surface transportation modes of truck, rail and pipeline carried 83.0 percent of the total NAFTA freight flows, $77.6 billion of the total of $93.5 billion carried by all modes, including air and vessel. The value of freight carried by the surface modes in June 2013 declined 1.0 percent from June 2012, compared to the 0.8 percent decrease for all modes (Table 2). Freight value on all modes rose 56.7 percent from June 2009 (Tables 1, 3).

For freight flows with Canada, trucks carried 56.0 percent of the $52.7 billion of the freight, followed by rail at 16.8 percent, pipelines at 10.8 percent, vessel at 5.5 percent and air at 4.5 percent. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail and pipeline carried 83.7 percent of the total U.S.-Canada freight flows (Table 4).

For freight flows with Mexico in June, trucks carried 66.8 percent of the $40.8 billion of the freight, followed by rail at 14.5 percent, vessel at 11.7 percent, air at 3.2 percent and pipeline at 0.9 percent. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail and pipeline carried 82.1 percent of the total U.S.-Mexico freight flows (Table 7).

Beginning with January 2013, BTS monthly TransBorder press releases contain data for all modes of transportation. Press releases and the BTS website now define surface transportation modes as truck, rail and pipeline.  Data on surface modes can be found in Figure 3 and in Tables 2, 3, 4 and 7.  See North American TransBorder Freight Data on the BTS website for additional data for surface modes since 1995 and all modes since 2004.

Figure 2.  Monthly U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows
January 2004-June 2013

Monthly U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows January 2004-June 2013

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data

Data in this press release are not adjusted for inflation, except for the monthly totals illustrated in Figure 2 for comparison.

The category of all modes of transportation cited in the following tables includes freight movements by truck, rail, vessel, pipeline, air, other and unknown modes of transport.  Figure 3 below provides a breakdown by value and percentage of each mode of freight transportation used in moving goods between the U.S. and its NAFTA partners in June. The dotted slices represent surface modes, which accounted for 83.0 percent of the total. By value, truck is the most heavily utilized mode for moving goods to and from both U.S.-NAFTA partners, accounting for $29.7 billion of exports and $27.1 billion of imports.

Figure 3. U.S.-NAFTA Freight by Mode, June 2013
Current dollars, Share of total

Figure 3. U.S.-NAFTA Freight by Mode, June 2013 Current dollars, Share of total

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data

Freight flows by all modes of transportation between the U.S. and its NAFTA partners decreased 5.2 percent in June 2013 from May 2013, measured in current dollars (Table 2).  Freight moving across the borders by truck decreased 5.3, while freight moving by rail decreased by 1.2 percent from one month prior. Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal factors such as the number of days in each month.

From June 2012 to June 2013, the value of freight carried by truck decreased 1.3 percent while the value of freight carried by rail grew 0.7 percent (Table 2). For statistics by mode and individual NAFTA partner, see Table 4 for Canada and Table 7 for Mexico. 

In June, Michigan led all states in goods transported to and from Canada, at $6.5 billion. Pennsylvania had the largest year-to-year percentage increase among the top 10 states, at 18.5 percent. Illinois had the largest year-to-year decrease at 10.6 percent (Table 5).  The top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Canada in June was vehicles, of which $3.5 billion was exported (Table 6).

Texas continued to lead all states in goods transported to and from Mexico, at $15.7 billion. Illinois had the largest year-to-year percentage increase among the top 10 states, at 13.3 percent (Table 8). The top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Mexico in June was electrical machinery, valued at $6.9 billion, of which $2.7 billion was exported (Table 9).

Additional summary data adjusted for inflation and exchange rates can be found on the BTS website under TransBorder Indexed Freight Flow Data. The BLS indexes used in the adjustments for inflation and exchange rates in June are preliminary. They will be revised in each of the three months after their original publication.

For more information, see TransBorder Press Releases  for previous press releases and summary tables. See TransBorder Freight Data for data from previous months, and more state, port, or commodity data.  BTS has scheduled the release of July TransBorder numbers for Sept. 27.

 

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows

(millions of current dollars)

Month 2011 2012 2013 Percent Change 2011-2012 Percent Change 2012-2013
January 79,608 87,490 90,512 9.9 3.5
February 77,015 89,385 88,449 16.1 -1.0
March 94,228 99,510 95,566 5.6 -4.0
April 87,097 92,199 98,984 5.9 7.4
May 91,126 96,840 98,577 6.3 1.8
June 90,663 94,200 93,483 3.9 -0.8
July 84,952 87,691   3.2  
August 93,450 94,593   1.2  
September 90,771 89,875   -1.0  
October 91,837 98,632   7.4  
November 90,401 94,877   5.0  
December 86,775 84,695   -2.4  
Year-to-date 519,738 559,625 565,572 7.7 1.1
Annual 1,057,924 1,109,988   4.9  

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, http://transborder.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent change based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 2. Value of Monthly U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows by Mode of Transportation

(millions of current dollars)

Mode   June 2012 May 2013 June 2013 Percent Change May 2013-June 2013 Percent Change June 2012-2013
All Modes Imports 50,801 52,884 49,944 -5.6 -1.7
Exports 43,400 45,694 43,539 -4.7 0.3
Total 94,200 98,577 93,483 -5.2 -0.8
All Surface Modes Imports 42,595 44,057 42,221 -4.2 -0.9
Exports 35,811 37,490 35,363 -5.7 -1.3
Total 78,406 81,547 77,584 -4.9 -1.0
Truck Imports 27,690 28,868 27,125 -6.0 -2.0
Exports 29,853 31,100 29,657 -4.6 -0.7
Total 57,543 59,968 56,782 -5.3 -1.3
Rail Imports 9,356 9,486 9,734 2.6 4.0
Exports 5,282 5,431 5,005 -7.8 -5.2
Total 14,639 14,917 14,739 -1.2 0.7
Pipeline Imports 5,549 5,704 5,362 -6.0 -3.4
Exports 675 958 700 -26.9 3.7
Total 6,225 6,662 6,062 -9.0 -2.6
Vessel Imports 5,142 5,386 4,609 -14.4 -10.4
Exports 2,680 3,116 3,028 -2.8 13.0
Total 7,822 8,502 7,637 -10.2 -2.4
Air Imports 1,580 1,803 1,530 -15.1 -3.2
Exports 2,197 2,044 2,116 3.5 -3.7
Total 3,777 3,847 3,646 -5.2 -3.5

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, http://transborder.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail, pipeline, vessel and air modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail, please refer to the "Data Fields" section of the TransBorder web page: http://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataF....

 

Table 3. Percent Change in Value of U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows by Mode

June 2013 Compared to June in… Percent Change
Truck Rail Pipeline Air Vessel All Modes
2012 -1.3 0.7 -2.6 -3.5 -2.4 -0.8
2011 5.3 17.5 -17.7 -4.9 -18.0 3.1
2010 13.8 32.6 12.0 -6.0 10.0 15.9
2009 54.2 108.2 52.3 7.5 38.1 56.7
2008 15.2 15.1 -25.1 5.4 -19.2 7.4
2007 19.5 22.4 3.4 10.0 21.9 18.2
2006 18.6 32.2 33.8 16.1 19.6 22.3
2005 32.9 58.0 52.5 26.8 45.4 38.4
2004 42.1 57.2 84.4 32.3 87.9 50.2

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, http://transborder.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent change based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 4. Value of Monthly U.S.-Canada Freight Flows by Mode of Transportation

(millions of current dollars)

Mode   June 2012 May 2013 June 2013 Percent Change May 2013-June 2013 Percent Change June 2012-2013
All Modes Imports 27,317 28,343 27,143 -4.2 -0.6
Exports 25,851 26,453 25,532 -3.5 -1.2
Total 53,167 54,796 52,676 -3.9 -0.9
All Surface Modes Imports 23,611 24,045 23,391 -2.7 -0.9
Exports 21,544 21,538 20,680 -4.0 -4.0
Total 45,154 45,584 44,071 -3.3 -2.4
Truck Imports 12,049 12,331 11,992 -2.8 -0.5
Exports 18,080 17,933 17,529 -2.3 -3.0
Total 30,129 30,265 29,520 -2.5 -2.0
Rail Imports 6,039 6,035 6,058 0.4 0.3
Exports 3,008 3,015 2,779 -7.8 -7.6
Total 9,047 9,050 8,837 -2.4 -2.3
Pipeline Imports 5,523 5,679 5,341 -5.9 -3.3
Exports 455 590 373 -36.9 -18.2
Total 5,978 6,269 5,714 -8.9 -4.4
Vessel Imports 1,729 2,100 1,765 -15.9 2.1
Exports 693 1,399 1,114 -20.4 60.8
Total 2,422 3,499 2,879 -17.7 18.9
Air Imports 823 1,123 860 -23.5 4.4
Exports 1,528 1,404 1,495 6.5 -2.2
Total 2,351 2,527 2,354 -6.8 0.1

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, http://transborder.bts.gov/transborder/

NOTES: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail, pipeline, vessel and air modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail, please refer to the "Data Fields" section of the TransBorder web page: http://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataF....

 

Table 5. Top 10 State Freight Flows with Canada by All Modes of Transportation

Ranked by June 2013 Trade Value

(millions of current dollars)

State June 2012 June 2013 Percent Change June 2012- 2013
Value Rank Value Rank
Michigan 6,691 1 6,521 1 -2.5
Illinois 4,933 2 4,411 2 -10.6
California 4,244 3 4,043 3 -4.7
Texas 3,344 4 3,340 4 -0.1
Ohio 3,066 5 3,114 5 1.5
New York 2,660 6 2,661 6 0.0
Pennsylvania 1,732 9 2,053 7 18.5
Washington 1,757 7 1,878 8 6.9
Indiana 1,744 8 1,627 9 -6.8
Minnesota 1,582 10 1,564 10 -1.1

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, http://transborder.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent change based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 6. Top Commodity Transported between the U.S. and Canada for Each Mode of Transportation, June 2013

(millions of current dollars)

Mode Commodities Exports Imports Total
Truck Vehicles Other than Railway 3,526 2,401 5,927
Rail Vehicles Other than Railway 804 2,593 3,397
Pipeline Mineral Fuels; Oils and Waxes 372 5,334 5,705
Vessel Mineral Fuels; Oils and Waxes 946 1,439 2,385
Air Computer-Related Machinery and Parts 341 136 477

Source: Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, http://transborder.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

 

Table 7. Value of Monthly U.S.-Mexico Freight Flows by Mode of Transportation

(millions of current dollars)

Mode   June 2012 May 2013 June 2013 Percent Change May 2013-June 2013 Percent Change June 2012-2013
All Modes Imports 23,484 24,541 22,800 -7.1 -2.9
Exports 17,549 19,240 18,007 -6.4 2.6
Total 41,033 43,781 40,807 -6.8 -0.5
All Surface Modes Imports 18,984 20,012 18,829 -5.9 -0.8
Exports 14,268 15,952 14,683 -8.0 2.9
Total 33,252 35,964 33,512 -6.8 0.8
Truck Imports 15,641 16,536 15,133 -8.5 -3.2
Exports 11,773 13,167 12,128 -7.9 3.0
Total 27,414 29,703 27,262 -8.2 -0.6
Rail Imports 3,317 3,451 3,676 6.5 10.8
Exports 2,274 2,417 2,226 -7.9 -2.1
Total 5,591 5,867 5,902 0.6 5.6
Pipeline Imports 27 25 20 -19.4 -23.9
Exports 220 368 328 -10.9 49.1
Total 247 393 348 -11.5 41.2
Vessel Imports 3,413 3,286 2,844 -13.5 -16.7
Exports 1,987 1,716 1,914 11.5 -3.7
Total 5,400 5,003 4,758 -4.9 -11.9
Air Imports 757 679 670 -1.4 -11.4
Exports 669 640 621 -2.9 -7.1
Total 1,426 1,319 1,292 -2.1 -9.4

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, http://transborder.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail, pipeline, vessel and air modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail, please refer to the "Data Fields" section of the TransBorder web page: http://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataF....

 

Table 8. Top 10 State Freight Flows with Mexico by All Modes of Transportation

Ranked by June 2013 Trade Value

(millions of current dollars)

State June 2012 June 2013 Percent Change June 2012- 2013
Value Rank Value Rank
Texas 16,073 1 15,731 1 -2.1
California 5,176 2 4,913 2 -5.1
Michigan 4,210 3 4,465 3 6.0
Illinois 1,295 4 1,468 4 13.3
Arizona 1,122 5 1,162 5 3.5
Ohio 985 6 1,056 6 7.2
Tennessee 767 7 806 7 5.0
Indiana 650 11 666 8 2.5
Georgia 587 12 619 9 5.5
North Carolina 652 10 606 10 -7.1

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, http://transborder.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent change based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 9. Top Commodity Transported between the U.S. and Mexico for Each Mode of Transportation, June 2013

(millions of current dollars)

Mode Commodities Exports Imports Total
Truck Electrical Machinery; Equipment and Parts 2,655 4,230 6,885
Rail Vehicles Other than Railway 556 2,820 3,375
Pipeline Mineral Fuels; Oils and Waxes 328 20 348
Vessel Mineral Fuels; Oils and Waxes 1,089 2,259 3,348
Air Electrical Machinery; Equipment and Parts 240 254 494

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, http://transborder.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.