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June 2014 North American Freight Numbers

Press Release Number: 
BTS 40-14
Date: 
Thursday, August 28, 2014
Media Contact: 
Dave Smallen, 202-366-5568

PDF | Excel

Figure 1.  Percent Change in Value of U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows by Mode: 
June 2013 - June 2014

Table Version | Excel

Figure 1.  Percent Change in Value of U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows by Mode:   June 2013 - June 2014

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data

U.S.-NAFTA freight totaled $103.0 billion in June 2014 as all five major transportation modes – air, vessel, pipeline, rail, and trucks – carried more freight by value in June 2014 than in June 2013, according to the TransBorder Freight Data released today by the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) (Figure 1, Table 1).

Freight by Mode

Of the $9.5 billion, or 10.2 percent, increase in US-NAFTA freight from June 2013, truck freight contributed the most, $4.4 billion, followed by pipeline, $2.1 billion. The trucking increase was predominately due to an increase in the value of U.S.-Mexico truck freight, which was up $2.9 billion, or 64.8 percent, of the total trucking increase (Tables 2, 6).

The pipeline increase was almost exclusively due to a rise in the value of U.S.-Canada pipeline freight, which was up $2.0 billion, or 94.0 percent, of the total pipeline increase (Tables 2, 4).

In June, commodities moving by pipeline grew in value by the largest percentage of any mode, 35.2 percent. This increase is due, in part, to exports of crude oil by pipeline from the Bakken formation in North Dakota and Montana. Vessel freight increased 19.3 percent followed by a truck increase of 7.8 percent, an air increase of 6.5 percent, and a rail increase of 4.5 percent (Figure 1, Table 2). The increase in the value of freight carried by pipelines reflects both a rise in the volume and prices for oil and other petroleum products, the primary commodity transported by pipelines.

Trucks carry three-fifths of U.S.-NAFTA freight and are the most heavily utilized mode for moving goods to and from both U.S.-NAFTA partners. Trucks carried 59.5 percent of U.S.-NAFTA freight in June 2014, accounting for $29.8 billion of imports and $31.4 billion of exports.  

Rail remained the second largest mode, moving 15.0 percent of all U.S.-NAFTA freight, followed by vessel at 8.9 percent, pipeline at 8.0 percent, and air at 3.8 percent. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail and pipeline carried 82.4 percent of the total U.S.-NAFTA freight flows (Table 2).

U.S.-Canada Freight

Figure 2.  Percent Change in Value of U.S.-Canada Freight Flows by Mode:
June 2013 - June 2014

Table Version | Excel

Figure 2.  Percent Change in Value of U.S.-Canada Freight Flows by Mode: June 2013 - June 2014

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data

Year-to-year, the value of U.S.-Canada freight by pipeline increased the most of any mode, growing 35.1 percent. U.S.-Canada pipeline freight was valued at $7.7 billion, 94.2 percent of total U.S.-NAFTA pipeline freight in June.  Freight by vessel increased by 24.7 percent, air by 9.5 percent, truck by 5.3 percent and rail by 1.4 percent (Figure 2).

Trucks carried 53.7 percent of the $57.9 billion of freight to and from Canada, followed by rail at 15.5 percent, pipeline at 13.3 percent, vessel at 6.2 percent and air at 4.5 percent. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail and pipeline carried 82.5 percent of the total U.S.-Canada freight flows (Table 4).

U.S.-Mexico Freight

Figure 3.  Percent Change in Value of U.S.-Mexico Freight Flows by Mode:
June 2013 - June 2014

Table Version | Excel

Figure 3.  Percent Change in Value of U.S.-Mexico Freight Flows by Mode: June 2013 - June 2014

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data

Year-to-year, the value of U.S.-Mexico freight by pipeline increased the most of any mode, growing 36.9 percent, due to an increase in mineral fuels exports, although pipeline remained the smallest of the major modes (Table 6). Freight with Mexico by vessel rose 16.1 percent followed by truck at 10.6 percent, rail at 9.2 percent and air at 1.2 percent (Figure 3).   

Trucks carried 66.9 percent of the $45.1 billion of freight to and from Mexico, followed by rail at 14.3 percent, vessel at 12.3 percent, air at 2.9 percent and pipeline at 1.1 percent. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail and pipeline carried 82.2 percent of the total U.S.-Mexico freight flows (Table 6).

Commodities
In June 2014, the top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Canada was mineral fuels, of which $7.7 billion, or 59.8 percent, moved by pipeline (Table 5). The top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Mexico in June 2014 was electrical machinery, of which $7.3 billion, or 91.5 percent, moved by trucks (Table 7). 

Reporting Notes
Beginning with February 2013, BTS monthly TransBorder press releases contain data for all modes of transportation. Press releases and the BTS website define surface transportation modes as truck, rail and pipeline. See North American TransBorder Freight Data on the BTS website for additional data for surface modes since 1995 and all modes since 2004. The category of all modes of transportation cited in the following tables includes freight movements by truck, rail, vessel, pipeline, air, other and unknown modes of transport.

Data in this press release are not adjusted for inflation. Additional summary data adjusted for inflation and exchange rates can be found on the BTS website under TransBorder Indexed Freight Flow Data. The BLS indexes used in the adjustments for inflation and exchange rates may be revised in each of the three months after original publication. For more information, see TransBorder Press Releases  for previous press releases and summary tables. See TransBorder Freight Data for data from previous months, and more state, port, or commodity data.  BTS has scheduled the release of July TransBorder numbers for Sept. 25.

 

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows

(millions of current dollars)

Month 2012 2013 2014 Percent Change 2012-2013 Percent Change 2013-2014
January 87,490 90,512 90,326 3.5 -0.2
February 89,385 88,449 89,557 -1.0 1.3
March 99,510 95,566 101,478 -4.0 6.2
April 92,199 98,984 100,141 7.4 1.2
May 96,840 98,577 103,942 1.8 5.4
June 94,200 93,483 102,978 -0.8 10.2
July 87,691 93,192   6.3  
August 94,593 96,526   2.0  
September 89,875 94,350   5.0  
October 98,632 103,089   4.5  
November 94,877 96,120   1.3  
December 84,695 90,083   6.4  
Year-to-date 559,625 565,572 588,422 1.4 4.0
Annual 1,109,988 1,138,931   2.6  

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data,

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent change based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 2. Value of Monthly U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows by Mode of Transportation

(millions of current dollars)

Mode   June 2013 June 2014 Percent Change June 2013-2014
All Modes Imports 49,944 55,323 10.8
Exports 43,539 47,656 9.5
Total 93,483 102,978 10.2
All Surface Modes Imports 42,221 46,435 10.0
Exports 35,363 38,395 8.6
Total 77,584 84,830 9.3
Truck Imports 27,125 29,794 9.8
Exports 29,657 31,432 6.0
Total 56,782 61,226 7.8
Rail Imports 9,734 9,809 0.8
Exports 5,005 5,600 11.9
Total 14,739 15,409 4.5
Pipeline Imports 5,362 6,831 27.4
Exports 700 1,363 94.6
Total 6,062 8,195 35.2
Vessel Imports 4,609 5,403 17.2
Exports 3,028 3,710 22.5
Total 7,637 9,114 19.3
Air Imports 1,530 1,549 1.3
Exports 2,116 2,334 10.3
Total 3,646 3,884 6.5

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data,

Notes: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of freight for all modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail, pipeline, vessel and air modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail, please refer to the "Data Fields" section of the TransBorder web page: http://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

 

Table 3. Percent Change in Value of U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows by Mode

June 2014 Compared to June in... Percent Change
Truck Rail Pipeline Air Vessel All Modes
2013 7.8 4.5 35.2 6.5 19.3 10.2
2012 6.4 5.3 31.6 2.8 16.5 9.3
2011 13.5 22.8 11.3 1.4 -2.1 13.6
2010 22.7 38.6 51.4 0.1 31.3 27.6
2009 66.3 117.7 105.9 14.5 64.8 72.6
2008 24.2 20.4 1.2 12.3 -3.6 18.3
2007 28.9 28.0 39.8 17.2 45.4 30.2
2006 27.9 38.2 80.9 23.7 42.7 34.7
2005 43.3 65.2 106.1 35.1 73.5 52.4
2004 53.2 64.3 149.3 41.0 124.2 65.4

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data,

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent change based on numbers prior to rounding.

 

Table 4. Value of Monthly U.S.-Canada Freight Flows by Mode of Transportation

(millions of current dollars)

Mode   June 2013 June 2014 Percent Change June 2013-2014
All Modes Imports 27,143 30,323 11.7
Exports 25,532 27,580 8.0
Total 52,676 57,903 9.9
All Surface Modes Imports 23,391 25,866 10.6
Exports 20,680 21,897 5.9
Total 44,071 47,763 8.4
Truck Imports 11,992 13,126 9.5
Exports 17,529 17,958 2.4
Total 29,520 31,084 5.3
Rail Imports 6,058 5,926 -2.2
Exports 2,779 3,035 9.2
Total 8,837 8,961 1.4
Pipeline Imports 5,341 6,814 27.6
Exports 373 904 142.7
Total 5,714 7,718 35.1
Vessel Imports 1,765 1,907 8.0
Exports 1,114 1,685 51.2
Total 2,879 3,592 24.7
Air Imports 860 1,002 16.5
Exports 1,495 1,575 5.4
Total 2,354 2,577 9.5

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data,

Notes: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of freight for all modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail, pipeline, vessel and air modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail, please refer to the "Data Fields" section of the TransBorder web page: http://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

 

Table 5. Top Commodity Transported between the U.S. and Canada for Each Mode of Transportation, June 2014

(millions of current dollars)

Mode Commodities Exports Imports Total
All Modes Mineral Fuels; Oils and Waxes 2,979 9,867 12,845
Truck Vehicles Other than Railway 3,604 2,672 6,277
Rail Vehicles Other than Railway 1,061 2,369 3,430
Pipeline Mineral Fuels; Oils and Waxes 892 6,792 7,684
Vessel Mineral Fuels; Oils and Waxes 1,489 1,543 3,033
Air Electrical Machinery; Equipment and Parts 328 156 484

Source: Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data,

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

 

Table 6. Value of Monthly U.S.-Mexico Freight Flows by Mode of Transportation

(millions of current dollars)

Mode   June 2013 June 2014 Percent Change June 2013-2014
All Modes Imports 22,800 24,999 9.6
Exports 18,007 20,076 11.5
Total 40,807 45,075 10.5
All Surface Modes Imports 18,829 20,570 9.2
Exports 14,683 16,498 12.4
Total 33,512 37,067 10.6
Truck Imports 15,133 16,669 10.1
Exports 12,128 13,474 11.1
Total 27,262 30,143 10.6
Rail Imports 3,676 3,883 5.6
Exports 2,226 2,565 15.2
Total 5,902 6,448 9.2
Pipeline Imports 20 18 -12.4
Exports 328 459 39.9
Total 348 477 36.9
Vessel Imports 2,844 3,497 22.9
Exports 1,914 2,026 5.8
Total 4,758 5,522 16.1
Air Imports 670 548 -18.3
Exports 621 759 22.2
Total 1,292 1,307 1.2

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data,

Notes: Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of freight for all modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail, pipeline, vessel and air modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation. For additional detail, please refer to the "Data Fields" section of the TransBorder web page: http://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

 

Table 7. Top Commodity Transported between the U.S. and Mexico for Each Mode of Transportation, June 2014

(millions of current dollars)

Mode Commodities Exports Imports Total
All Modes Electrical Machinery; Equipment and Parts 3,221 4,763 7,984
Truck Electrical Machinery; Equipment and Parts 2,889 4,419 7,308
Rail Vehicles Other than Railway 485 2,796 3,281
Pipeline Mineral Fuels; Oils and Waxes 459 18 476
Vessel Mineral Fuels; Oils and Waxes 1,132 2,623 3,755
Air Electrical Machinery; Equipment and Parts 235 186 421

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data,

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.