Tuesday July 6, 2004 - The Transportation Services Index (TSI) reached the highest level in the 14-year period covered by the index with a 0.8 percent rise in April, and the Freight TSI reached an all-time high with a 0.5 percent increase, the Department of Transportation's Bureau of Transportation Statistics reported today.
The overall TSI rose every month since August 2003 except for a drop in January this year. The April level of 124.4 (1996=100) was 8.2 percent higher than in April 2003. The March TSI was 123.4, revised from the 122.5 reported in BTS' June release.
The Freight Transportation Services Index has risen the past three months to a level of 126.0 (1996=100). The April level was 6.3 percent higher than in April 2003.
TSI is a single seasonally adjusted index of the month-to-month changes in the output of services provided by the for-hire transportation industries, including railroad, air, truck, inland waterways, pipeline, and local transit.
The index includes historic data from 1990 to the present, allowing for examination of trends, peaks and low-points. Changes are measured against the base year of 1996. The TSI is still under development and is considered experimental.
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the TSI for freight increased 0.5 percent in April from March's level of 125.4. The April 2004 level of 126.0 was 6.3 percent higher than the April 2003 level of 118.5 and is a record high for the 14-year period covered by the index. The March TSI for freight was 125.4, revised from the 123.3 reported in BTS' June release.
The TSI for passengers was up 1.7 percent in April following a small drop in March. The April level of 121.1 is 13.3 percent higher than the April 2003 level of 106.9 and less than 0.3 percent below the record high of 121.5 in September 2000. The March TSI for passengers was 119.1, revised from the 120.5 reported in BTS' June release.
The rise of TSI for passengers in April was solely from the increase of the air passenger index since the other passenger indexes — rail passenger and transit — decreased in April. The index for air passenger transportation rose 21.4 percent since April 2003, fueling the growth of the Passenger TSI. April 2004 was a record high for air passenger transportation, surpassing the previous high in September 2000 by 2.5 percent.
|Index||Pct. Change||Index||Pct. Change||Index||Pct. Change|
|TSI||Percent change from previous year|
|Percent change to April 2004||SinceApril||Duration|
|Freight TSI||Percent change from previous year|
|Passenger TSI||Percent change from previous year|
During the six months ending in April, the TSI rose 6.0 percent (seasonally adjusted). The Freight TSI rose 5.8 percent and the Passenger TSI rose 6.3 percent during the six-month period.
Note: TSI numbers (Total, Freight, and Passenger) were revised because additional data became available for seasonality adjustments and revisions in the output data of the component transportation services. These changes have a larger impact on more recent numbers. In April 2004, the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) as the basis for GDP by industry as weights in aggregating individual indexes of transportation services by mode and type of services into composite indexes. SIC-based GDP by industry data will no longer be published by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). This change has a minor impact on individual numbers but almost no impact on the general trends of TSI.
The Transportation Services Index (TSI) is a measure of the month-to-month changes in the output of services provided by the for-hire transportation industries.
The TSI tells us how the output of transportation services has increased or decreased from month to month. The index can be examined together with other economic indicators to produce a better understanding of the current and future course of the economy. The movement of the index over time can be compared with other economic measures to understand the relationship of changes in transportation output to changes in Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
The TSI is still under development and is therefore considered experimental. It is being examined for refinements in data sources, methodologies and interpretations.
The freight transportation index consists of:
For hire trucking,
Railroad freight services (including rail based intermodal shipments such as containers on flat cars),
Inland waterways transportation,
Pipeline transportation (including principally petroleum and petroleum products and natural gas), and
The index does not include international or coastal waterborne movements, private trucking, courier services, or the US Postal Service.
The passenger transportation index consists of:
Intercity passenger rail, and
Passenger air transportation.
The index does not include intercity bus, sight seeing services, ferry services, taxi service, private automobile usage, or bicycling and other non-motorized means of transportation.