You are here

North American Surface Trade Numbers for October; Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 8.6 Percent from October 2003

North American Surface Trade Numbers for October; Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 8.6 Percent from October 2003

PDF

BTS 01-05
Roger Lotz
202-366-2246

Tuesday, January 4, 2005 - The United States traded $56.9 billion using surface transportation in October with its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, Canada and Mexico, 8.6 percent more than October 2003, the Bureau of Transportation Statistics of the U.S. Department of Transportation reported today (Table 1).

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total surface transportation trade rose 3.6 percent in October 2004 from September 2004 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Total surface transportation trade value was up 19.4 percent from October 2001 and 81.8 percent from October 1994, the year NAFTA took effect (Table 3). Exports increased 60.1 percent compared to October 1994 while imports over that same time rose 102.3 percent (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S. – Canada surface transportation trade rose 10.6 percent in October from October 2003 to $36.5 billion. Carrying the largest amount by value, exports by truck increased 9.0 percent from October 2003 while imports by truck rose 11.2 percent (Table 4).

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in October with $6.1 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. – Mexico surface transportation trade rose 5.3 percent in October from October 2003 to $20.4 billion. Carrying the largest amount by value, imports by truck increased 5.0 percent from October 2003 while exports by truck rose 2.3 percent (Table 6).

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in October with $6.6 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Surface Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census

Bureau’s Foreign Trade Division. October transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of Dec. 15.

The press release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release November transborder numbers on Jan. 31.

Table 1. North American Surface Transportation Trade by Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2003 2004 Percent Change 2003-2004
January 43,756 45,686 4.4
February 43,835 48,170 9.9
March 49,358 56,269 14.0
April 46,842 53,195 13.6
May 48,813 53,155 8.9
June 47,432 55,422 16.9
July 42,607 48,096 12.9
August 45,024 53,577 19.0
September 48,867 54,913 12.4
October 52,362 56,880 8.6
November 48,456    
December 45,425    
Year to Date 468,896 525,363 12.0
Annual 562,780    

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 2. U.S.Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

    October 2003 September 2004 October 2004 Percent Change Sept.-Oct. 2004 Percent Change October 2003-2004
By All Modes Imports 29,858 31,458 32,586 3.6 9.1
  Exports 22,504 23,455 24,294 3.6 8.0
  Total 52,362 54,913 56,880 3.6 8.6
By Truck Imports 19,646 20,596 21,288 3.4 8.4
  Exports 18,179 18,689 19,352 3.5 6.5
By Rail Imports 6,592 6,858 6,984 1.8 5.9
  Exports 2,510 2,669 2,814 5.4 12.1
By Pipeline Imports 2,484 3,072 3,281 6.8 32.1
  Exports 38 141 158 12.4 319.6

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation. For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 3: Percent Changes ofNorth American Surface Transportation Trade, Imports and Exports by Valuefrom Previous Years to 2004

(Month to Month Comparison)

Excel | CSV

Percent Change to October 2004
Compared to the same month in… Import Export Total Surface Trade
2003 9.1 8.0 8.6
2002 15.6 13.2 14.6
2001 21.6 16.5 19.4
2000 11.2 8.4 10.0
1999 29.8 18.6 24.8
1998 42.9 29.6 36.9
1997 55.8 29.4 43.3
1996 66.7 33.2 50.6
1995 78.1 59.2 69.5
1994 102.3 60.1 81.8

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S.Surface Transportation Trade with Canada by Mode

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

    October 2003 September 2004 October 2004 Percent Change Sept.-Oct. 2004 Percent Change October 2003-2004
By All Modes Imports 18,922 20,441 21,045 3.0 11.2
  Exports 14,077 14,943 15,455 3.4 9.8
  Total 33,000 35,385 36,499 3.1 10.6
By Truck Imports 10,628 11,545 11,817 2.4 11.2
  Exports 11,253 11,861 12,270 3.4 9.0
By Rail Imports 4,903 5,082 5,102 0.4 4.1
  Exports 1,397 1,452 1,444 -0.6 3.4
By Pipeline Imports 2,484 3,072 3,281 6.8 32.1
  Exports 31 121 137 13.7 336.8

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Transportation, ranked by September 2004 Surface Transportation Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

October 2004 Rank State October 2004
1 Michigan 6,102
2 New York 2,491
3 California 2,457
4 Ohio 2,391
5 Illinois 2,347
6 Texas 1,600
7 Pennsylvania 1,314
8 Washington 1,220
9 Indiana 1,203
10 Tennessee 1,081

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico By Mode

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

    October 2003 September 2004 October 2004 Percent Change Sept.-Oct. 2004 Percent Change October 2003-2004
By All Modes Imports 10,936 11,017 11,542 4.8 5.5
  Exports 8,427 8,512 8,840 3.9 4.9
  Total 19,362 19,528 20,381 4.4 5.3
By Truck Imports 9,018 9,051 9,471 4.6 5.0
  Exports 6,926 6,828 7,082 3.7 2.3
By Rail Imports 1,689 1,776 1,882 6.0 11.5
  Exports 1,114 1,217 1,370 12.6 23.0
By Pipeline Imports 0 0 0 NA NA
  Exports 6 20 21 4.9 233.8

Key: NA = not applicable

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Transportation, ranked by September 2004 Surface Transportation Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

October 2004 Rank State October 2004
1 Texas 6,639
2 California 3,723
3 Michigan 2,250
4 Illinois 635
5 Arizona 626
6 Ohio 537
7 Indiana 509
8 Tennessee 458
9 New York 363
10 North Carolina 350

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/