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North American Surface Trade Numbers for November 2004; Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 12.5 Percent From November 2003

North American Surface Trade Numbers for November 2004; Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 12.5 Percent From November 2003

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BTS 06-05
Roger Lotz
202-366-2246

Monday, January 31, 2005 - More than $54.9 billion worth of goods crossed the border by surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico in November 2004, 12.5 percent more than November 2003, the U.S. Department of Transportation's Bureau of Transportation Statistics reported today (Table 1).

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total surface transportation trade fell 3.5 percent in November 2004 from October 2004 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Total surface transportation trade value was up 23.5 percent compared to November 2001 and 70.7 percent from November 1994, the year NAFTA took effect (Table 3). Exports increased 47.6 percent compared to November 1994 while imports over that same time rose 92.3 percent (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S. - Canada surface transportation trade rose 10.8 percent to $35.0 billion in November 2004 from November 2003. Carrying the largest amount by value, exports by truck increased 3.3 percent from November 2003 while imports by truck rose 19.1 percent (Table 4).

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in November with $5.9 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade rose 13.8 percent to $19.9 billion in November from November 2003. Carrying the largest amount by value, imports by truck increased 15.9 percent from November 2003 while exports by truck rose 13.4 percent (Table 6).

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in November with $6.5 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Surface Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. November transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of Jan. 14.

The press release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release December transborder numbers on Feb. 28.

Table 1: Monthly Value of U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2003 2004 Percent Change 2003-2004
January 43,756 45,686 4.4
February 43,835 48,170 9.9
March 49,358 56,269 14.0
April 46,842 53,195 13.6
May 48,813 53,155 8.9
June 47,432 55,422 16.9
July 42,607 48,096 12.9
August 45,024 53,577 19.0
September 48,867 54,913 12.4
October 52,362 56,880 8.6
November 48,456 54,870 12.5
December 45,425    
Year to Date 517,352 580,233 12.2
Annual 562,780    

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 2: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico using Surface Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   November 2003 October    2004 November 2004 Percent Change Oct.-Nov.       2004 Percent Change November 2003-2004
All Surface Modes Imports 27,339 32,586 32,005 -1.8 17.1
Exports 21,116 24,294 22,865 -5.9 8.3
Total 48,456 56,880 54,870 -3.5 12.5
Truck Imports 17,641 21,288 20,764 -2.5 17.7
Exports 16,883 19,352 18,066 -6.6 7.0
Rail Imports 6,333 6,984 6,677 -4.4 5.4
Exports 2,492 2,814 2,733 -2.9 9.7
Pipeline Imports 2,486 3,281 3,465 5.6 39.4
Exports 44 158 90 -43.0 104.8

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 3: November 2004 Surface Trade Compared with November of Prior Years: Percent Change

Excel | CSV

Compared to November in. Percent
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2003 17.1 8.3 13.2
2002 22.1 13.7 18.5
2001 27.5 18.4 23.5
2000 13.6 5.8 10.2
1999 26.3 11.4 19.7
1998 48.9 27.1 39.0
1997 63.9 32.6 49.2
1996 66.3 37.2 52.8
1995 81.3 56.8 70.2
1994 92.3 47.6 70.7

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada using Surface Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   November 2003 October    2004 November 2004 Percent Change Oct.-Nov. 2004 Percent Change November 2003-2004
All Surface Modes Imports 17,555 21,045 20,908 -0.6 19.1
Exports 13,398 15,455 14,052 -9.1 4.9
Total 30,953 36,499 34,960 -4.2 10.8
Truck Imports 9,711 11,817 11,569 -2.1 19.1
Exports 10,669 12,270 11,020 -10.2 3.3
Rail Imports 4,717 5,102 4,988 -2.2 5.7
Exports 1,424 1,444 1,416 -1.9 -0.6
Pipeline Imports 2,486 3,281 3,465 5.6 39.4
Exports 39 137 82 -40.1 110.6

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

For Note: See Table 2

Table 5: Top 10 States Trading with Canada using Surface Transportation, ranked by November 2004 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State November 2004
1 Michigan 5,910
2 Illinois 2,448
3 New York 2,415
4 California 2,328
5 Ohio 2,261
6 Texas 1,398
7 Pennsylvania 1,280
8 Washington 1,240
9 Indiana 1,130
10 Tennessee 1,019

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico using Surface Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   November 2003 October    2004 November 2004 Percent Change        Oct.-Nov.       2004 Percent Change November 2003-2004
All Surface Modes Imports 9,784 11,542 11,097 -3.9 13.4
Exports 7,718 8,840 8,813 -0.3 14.2
Total 17,502 20,381 19,910 -1.9 13.8
Truck Imports 7,931 9,471 9,195 -2.9 15.9
Exports 6,213 7,082 7,046 -0.5 13.4
Rail Imports 1,616 1,882 1,690 -10.2 4.6
Exports 1,068 1,370 1,317 -3.8 23.4
Pipeline Imports 0 0 0 NA NA
Exports 5 21 8 -62.3 59.2

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

For Note: See Table 2

Table 7: Top 10 States Trading with Mexico using Surface Transportation, ranked by November 2004 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State November 2004
1 Texas 6,468
2 California 3,635
3 Michigan 2,126
4 Arizona 629
5 Illinois 628
6 Ohio 517
7 Indiana 483
8 Tennessee 430
9 New York 369
10 North Carolina 361

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/