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North American Surface Trade Numbers for January; Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 14.6 Percent from January 2004 (State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

North American Surface Trade Numbers for January; Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 14.6 Percent from January 2004 (State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 14-05
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, March 29, 2005 - The United States traded $52.3 billion in goods using surface transportation in January with its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico, 14.6 percent more than January 2004, the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation reported today (Table 1).

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total surface transportation trade rose 0.5 percent in January 2005 from December 2004 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Total surface transportation trade value in January was up 26.7 percent compared to January 2002 and 79.1 percent compared to January 1995, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Exports in January were up 61.0 percent compared to January 1995 while imports were up 95.3 percent (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S. – Canada surface transportation trade totaled $34.4 billion in January, up 17.9 percent compared to January 2004. Carrying the largest amount by value, exports by truck increased 13.0 percent from January 2004 while imports by truck rose 19.7 percent (Table 4).

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in January with $5.3 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. – Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $17.9 billion in January, up 8.7 percent compared to January 2004. Carrying the largest amount by value, imports by truck increased 8.8 percent compared to January 2004 while exports by truck rose 11.6 percent (Table 6).

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in January with $6.0 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Surface Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. January transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of March 14.

The press release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release February transborder numbers on April 28.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 Percent Change 2004-2005
January 45,686 52,334 14.6
February 48,170    
March 56,269    
April 53,195    
May 53,155    
June 55,422    
July 48,096    
August 53,577    
September 54,913    
October 56,880    
November 54,870    
December 52,065    
Year to Date 45,686 52,334 14.6
Annual 633,562    

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2004 December    2004 January 2005 Percent Change Dec. 2004 -Jan. 2005 Percent Change January 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 26,340 29,668 30,096 1.4 14.3
Exports 19,346 22,397 22,239 -0.7 15.0
Total 45,686 52,065 52,334 0.5 14.6
Truck Imports 16,724 19,141 19,175 0.2 14.7
Exports 15,497 17,758 17,433 -1.8 12.5
Rail Imports 5,512 6,199 5,804 -6.4 5.3
Exports 2,063 2,528 2,529 0.0 22.6
Pipeline Imports 3,125 3,309 3,843 16.1 23.0
Exports 122 238 402 69.0 229.0

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 3. January 2005 Surface Trade Compared with January of Prior Years: Percent Change

Excel | CSV

Compared to January in. Percent
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2004 14.3 15.0 14.6
2003 19.3 20.1 19.6
2002 26.9 26.3 26.7
2001 11.9 14.5 13.0
2000 23.4 19.0 21.5
1999 48.9 40.2 45.1
1998 64.0 38.2 52.0
1997 70.1 49.6 60.8
1996 77.4 60.2 69.6
1995 95.3 61.0 79.1

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2004 December    2004 January 2005 Percent Change Dec. 2004 -Jan. 2005 Percent Change January 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 17,059 19,306 20,222 4.7 18.5
Exports 12,148 14,444 14,201 -1.7 16.9
Total 29,207 33,750 34,423 2.0 17.9
Truck Imports 8,972 10,666 10,737 0.7 19.7
Exports 9,632 11,357 10,889 -4.1 13.0
Rail Imports 4,172 4,527 4,547 0.4 9.0
Exports 1,060 1,364 1,405 3.0 32.5
Pipeline Imports 3,125 3,309 3,843 16.1 23.0
Exports 114 226 392 73.7 243.5

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation, ranked by January 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State January 2005
1 Michigan 5,299
2 Illinois 2,485
3 New York 2,435
4 Ohio 2,293
5 California 2,082
6 Texas 1,566
7 Pennsylvania 1,290
8 Washington 1,279
9 Indiana 1,135
10 Tennessee 979

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2004 December 2004 January 2005 Percent Change Dec. 2004 - Jan. 2005 Percent Change January 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 9,280 10,362 9,874 -4.7 6.4
Exports 7,198 7,953 8,038 1.1 11.7
Total 16,479 18,315 17,912 -2.2 8.7
Truck Imports 7,752 8,475 8,438 -0.4 8.8
Exports 5,865 6,401 6,544 2.2 11.6
Rail Imports 1,340 1,672 1,257 -24.8 -6.1
Exports 1,003 1,164 1,124 -3.5 12.0
Pipeline Imports 0 0 0 NA NA
Exports 8 12 10 -17.2 24.8

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation, ranked by January 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State January 2005
1 Texas 5,972
2 California 3,050
3 Michigan 1,616
4 Arizona 708
5 Illinois 578
6 Ohio 458
7 Tennessee 422
8 Indiana 390
9 New York 371
10 North Carolina 330

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/