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February Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 11.3 Percent from February 2004

February Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 11.3 Percent from February 2004

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BTS 19-05
Roger Lotz
202-366-2246

Thursday, April 28, 2005 - The United States traded $53.6 billion in goods using surface transportation in February 2005 with its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico, 11.3 percent more than February 2004, the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation reported today (Table 1).

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total surface transportation trade rose 2.4 percent in February from January (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Total surface transportation trade value in February was up 28.5 percent compared to February 2002 and 80.3 percent compared to February 1995, a period of ten years (Table 3). Exports in February were up 60.0 percent compared to February 1995, while imports were up 99.0 percent (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S. - Canada surface transportation trade totaled $35.4 billion in February, up 12.7 percent compared to February 2004. Carrying the largest amount by value, exports by truck increased 11.0 percent from February 2004, while imports by truck rose 12.4 percent (Table 4).

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in February with $6.2 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $18.2 billion in February, up 8.6 percent compared to February 2004. Carrying the largest amount by value, imports by truck increased 7.7 percent compared to February 2004, while exports by truck rose 8.3 percent (Table 6).

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in February with $5.9 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Surface Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. February transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of April 15, 2005.

The press release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release March transborder numbers on May 27.

Table 1: Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 Percent Change 2004-2005
January 45,686 52,334 14.6
February 48,170 53,592 11.3
March 56,269    
April 53,195    
May 53,155    
June 55,422    
July 48,096    
August 53,577    
September 54,913    
October 56,880    
November 56,134    
December 52,065    
Year to Date 93,856 105,926 12.9
Annual 633,563    

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 2: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   February 2004 January 2005 February 2005 Percent Change  January - February Percent Change February 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 27,841 30,096 30,844 2.5 10.8
Exports 20,329 22,239 22,748 2.3 11.9
Total 48,170 52,334 53,592 2.4 11.3
Truck Imports 18,031 19,175 19,899 3.8 10.4
Exports 16,297 17,433 17,938 2.9 10.1
Rail Imports 6,276 5,804 6,676 15.0 6.4
Exports 2,226 2,529 2,805 10.9 23.8
Pipeline Imports 2,852 3,843 3,240 -15.7 13.6
Exports 67 402 219 -45.6 224.5

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 3: February 2005 Surface Trade Compared with February of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to February in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2004 10.8 11.9 11.3
2003 21.3 23.6 22.3
2002 28.6 28.3 28.5
2001 21.7 16.8 19.6
2000 21.6 10.7 16.7
1999 44.0 32.7 39.0
1998 59.8 31.3 46.3
1997 69.6 44.4 57.9
1996 77.7 46.9 63.2
1995 99.0 60.0 80.3

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   February 2004 January 2005 February 2005 Percent Change January - February Percent Change February 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 18,120 20,222 20,453 1.1 12.9
Exports 13,263 14,201 14,902 4.9 12.4
Total 31,383 34,423 35,354 2.7 12.7
Truck Imports 10,130 10,737 11,388 6.1 12.4
Exports 10,504 10,889 11,663 7.1 11.0
Rail Imports 4,654 4,547 4,967 9.2 6.7
Exports 1,265 1,405 1,609 14.6 27.2
Pipeline Imports 2,852 3,843 3,240 -15.7 13.6
Exports 67 392 179 -54.4 167.7

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 5: Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by February 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State February 2005
1 Michigan 6,183
2 New York 2,420
3 Illinois 2,376
4 Ohio 2,248
5 California 2,218
6 Texas 1,595
7 Pennsylvania 1,275
8 Washington 1,245
9 Indiana 1,206
10 Tennessee 955

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   February 2004 January 2005 February 2005 Percent Change January - February Percent Change February 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 9,721 9,874 10,392 5.2 6.9
Exports 7,066 8,038 7,846 -2.4 11.0
Total 16,787 17,912 18,237 1.8 8.6
Truck Imports 7,900 8,438 8,511 0.9 7.7
Exports 5,793 6,544 6,274 -4.1 8.3
Rail Imports 1,622 1,257 1,709 35.9 5.3
Exports 1,001 1,124 1,196 6.4 19.4
Pipeline Imports 0 0 0 NA NA
Exports 1 10 40 297.4 5,916.0

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 7: Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by February 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State February 2005
1 Texas 5,938
2 California 3,030
3 Michigan 1,942
4 Arizona 644
5 Illinois 599
6 Ohio 486
7 Indiana 434
8 Tennessee 409
9 New York 377
10 Georgia 359

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/