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March Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 5.6 Percent from March 2004

March Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 5.6 Percent from March 2004

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BTS 24-05
Roger Lotz
202-366-2246

Friday, May 27, 2005 - The United States traded $59.4 billion in goods in March 2005 with its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico using surface transportation. This amount was 5.6 percent more than March 2004, the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation reported today (Table 1).

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total surface transportation trade rose 10.9 percent in March from February (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Total surface transportation trade value in March was up 30.3 percent compared to March 2002, and 80.5 percent compared to March 1995, a period of ten years (Table 3). Exports in March were up 64.6 percent compared to March 1995, while imports were up 94.8 percent (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S. - Canada surface transportation trade totaled $39.5 billion in March, up 8.4 percent compared to March 2004. Exports by truck increased 7.9 percent from March 2004, the largest amount by value, while imports by truck rose 3.8 percent (Table 4).

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in March, with $6.3 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $19.9 billion in March, up 0.5 percent compared to March 2004, imports by truck increased 0.7 percent compared to March 2004, the largest amount by value, while exports by truck fell 1.5 percent (Table 6).

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in March, with $6.4 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Surface Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. March transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of May 13, 2005.

The press release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release April Transborder numbers on June 30.

Table 1: Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 Percent Change2004-2005
January 45,686 52,334 14.6
February 48,170 53,592 11.3
March 56,269 59,436 5.6
April 53,195    
May 53,155    
June 55,422    
July 48,096    
August 53,577    
September 54,913    
October 56,880    
November 56,134    
December 52,065    
Year to Date 150,125 165,362 10.1
Annual 633,563    

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 2: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March 2004 February 2005 March 2005 Percent Change February-March Percent Change March 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 32,022 30,844 33,627 9.0 5.0
Exports 24,247 22,748 25,808 13.5 6.4
Total 56,269 53,592 59,436 10.9 5.6
Truck Imports 21,438 19,899 21,955 10.3 2.4
Exports 19,443 17,938 20,317 13.3 4.5
Rail Imports 6,895 6,676 7,075 6.0 2.6
Exports 2,833 2,805 3,210 14.4 13.3
Pipeline Imports 2,773 3,240 3,550 9.6 28.0
Exports 126 219 359 64.1 184.1

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 3: March 2005 Surface Trade Compared with March of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to March in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2004 5.0 6.4 5.6
2003 17.2 24.8 20.4
2002 28.4 33.0 30.3
2001 17.9 18.9 18.3
2000 16.6 9.7 13.5
1999 38.5 34.4 36.7
1998 56.0 34.2 45.7
1997 77.3 57.0 67.8
1996 87.7 60.2 74.7
1995 94.8 64.6 80.5

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March 2004 February 2005 March 2005 Percent Change February-March Percent Change March 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 20,702 20,453 22,234 8.7 7.4
Exports 15,751 14,902 17,269 15.9 9.8
Total 36,433 35,354 39,503 11.7 8.4
Truck Imports 11,994 11,388 12,449 9.3 3.8
Exports 12,466 11,663 13,445 15.3 7.9
Rail Imports 5,253 4,967 5,364 8.0 2.1
Exports 1,560 1,609 1,897 17.9 21.6
Pipeline Imports 2,773 3,240 3,550 9.6 28.0
Exports 126 179 331 85.4 163.1

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 5: Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by March 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State March 2005
1 Michigan 6,283
2 New York 2,776
3 Ohio 2,668
4 Illinois 2,598
5 California 2,538
6 Texas 1,714
7 Pennsylvania 1,572
8 Indiana 1,386
9 Washington 1,366
10 Tennessee 1,122

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March 2004 February 2005 March 2005 Percent Change February-March Percent Change March 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 11,320 10,392 11,394 9.6 0.6
Exports 8,516 7,846 8,539 8.8 0.3
Total 19,836 18,237 19,933 9.3 0.5
Truck Imports 9,443 8,511 9,506 11.7 0.7
Exports 6,977 6,274 6,872 9.5 -1.5
Rail Imports 1,642 1,709 1,712 0.2 4.2
Exports 1,273 1,196 1,313 9.8 3.2
Pipeline Imports 0 0 0 NA NA
Exports 1 40 28 -30.2 4497.5

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 7: Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by March 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State March 2005
1 Texas 6,444
2 California 3,471
3 Michigan 1,917
4 Arizona 784
5 Illinois 704
6 Ohio 526
7 Indiana 463
8 Tennessee 432
9 New York 385
10 North Carolina 378

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/