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April Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 9.6 Percent from April 2004

April Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 9.6 Percent from April 2004

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BTS 29-05
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, June 30, 2005 - The United States traded $58.3 billion in goods using surface transportation in April 2005 with its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico. This represents an increase of 9.6 percent from April 2004, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

The report issued by BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), shows that total surface transportation trade fell 1.9 percent in April from March (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total surface transportation trade value in April was up 24.6 percent compared to April 2002 and 91.3 percent compared to April 1995, a period of ten years (Table 3). Exports in April were up 75.7 percent compared to April 1995, while imports were up 105.0 percent (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $38.1 billion in April, up 10.5 percent compared to April 2004. Exports by truck, the mode carrying the largest amount by value, increased 11.9 percent from April 2004 while imports by truck rose 5.4 percent (Table 4).

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in April with $5.8 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.-Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $20.2 billion in April, up 7.8 percent compared to April 2004. Imports by truck, the mode carrying the largest amount by value, increased 10.0 percent compared to April 2004, while exports by truck rose 1.6 percent (Table 6).

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in April with $6.5 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Surface Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. April transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of June 13, 2005.

The press release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release May transborder numbers on July 28.

Table 1: Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 Percent Change 2004-2005
January 45,686 52,334 14.6
February 48,170 53,592 11.3
March 56,269 59,436 5.6
April 53,195 58,297 9.6
May 53,155    
June 55,422    
July 48,096    
August 53,577    
September 54,913    
October 56,880    
November 56,134    
December 52,065    
Year to Date 203,320 223,659 10.0
Annual 633,563    

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 2: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2004 March 2005 April 2005 Percent Change March-April Percent Change April 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 30,400 33,627 33,201 -1.3 9.2
Exports 22,795 25,808 25,096 -2.8 10.1
Total 53,195 59,436 58,297 -1.9 9.6
Truck Imports 19,972 21,955 21,455 -2.3 7.4
Exports 18,231 20,317 19,706 -3.0 8.1
Rail Imports 6,646 7,075 6,940 -1.9 4.4
Exports 2,645 3,210 3,134 -2.4 18.5
Pipeline Imports 2,756 3,550 3,429 -3.4 24.4
Exports 157 359 251 -30.2 60.0

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 3: April 2005 Surface Trade Compared with April of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to April in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2004 9.2 10.1 9.6
2003 25.1 23.6 24.5
2002 24.1 25.3 24.6
2001 24.5 24.6 24.6
2000 28.2 19.7 24.4
1999 48.6 36.2 43.0
1998 61.9 37.5 50.4
1997 71.6 46.9 60.0
1996 81.2 55.1 68.9
1995 105.0 75.7 91.3

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2004 March 2005 April 2005 Percent Change March-April Percent Change April 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 19,919 22,234 21,635 -2.7 8.6
Exports 14,569 17,269 16,491 -4.5 13.2
Total 34,488 39,503 38,126 -3.5 10.5
Truck Imports 11,288 12,449 11,901 -4.4 5.4
Exports 11,502 13,445 12,868 -4.3 11.9
Rail Imports 5,077 5,364 5,115 -4.6 0.7
Exports 1,479 1,897 1,748 -7.8 18.2
Pipeline Imports 2,756 3,550 3,429 -3.4 24.4
Exports 156 331 239 -27.9 52.8

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 5: Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by April 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State April 2005
1 Michigan 5,786
2 Illinois 2,527
3 New York 2,498
4 California 2,496
5 Ohio 2,443
6 Texas 1,745
7 Pennsylvania 1,417
8 Indiana 1,314
9 Washington 1,256
10 Minnesota 1,214

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2004 March 2005 April 2005 Percent Change March-April Percent Change April 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 10,481 11,394 11,566 1.5 10.3
Exports 8,226 8,539 8,605 0.8 4.6
Total 18,708 19,933 20,172 1.2 7.8
Truck Imports 8,684 9,506 9,553 0.5 10.0
Exports 6,729 6,872 6,838 -0.5 1.6
Rail Imports 1,569 1,712 1,825 6.6 16.3
Exports 1,166 1,313 1,385 5.5 18.9
Pipeline Imports 0 0 0 NA NA
Exports 1 28 12 -57.2 1978.5

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 7: Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by April 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State April 2005
1 Texas 6,481
2 California 3,419
3 Michigan 2,036
4 Arizona 742
5 Illinois 718
6 Indiana 527
7 Ohio 503
8 Tennessee 433
9 New York 411
10 Georgia 355

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/