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May Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 8.9 Percent from May 2004

May Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 8.9 Percent from May 2004

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BTS 34-05
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, July 28, 2005 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico rose 8.9 percent in May 2005 from May 2004 to a total of $57.9 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total surface transportation trade fell 0.7 percent in May from April (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total surface transportation trade value in May was up 19.3 percent compared to May 2002, when North American surface trade reached its low point of any May since 2000, and up 79.2 percent compared to May 1995, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in May were up 91.5 percent compared to May 1995, while exports were up 65.6 percent (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S. - Canada surface transportation trade totaled $37.9 billion in May, up 9.8 percent compared to May 2004. Trucks carried 59 percent of imports and 78 percent of exports by value. The value of imports carried by truck rose 10.3 percent in May 2005 from May 2004 while the value of exports rose 11.1 percent (Table 4).

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in May with $6.0 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $20.0 billion in May, up 7.0 percent compared to May 2004. Trucks carried 82 percent of imports and 80 percent of exports by value. The value of imports carried by truck rose 9.1 percent in May 2005 from May 2004 while the value of exports rose 5.2 percent (Table 6).

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in May with $6.5 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Surface Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. May transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of July 15, 2005.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release June transborder numbers on August 29.

Table 1: Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 Percent Change 2004-2005
January 45,686 52,334 14.6
February 48,170 53,592 11.3
March 56,269 59,436 5.6
April 53,195 58,297 9.6
May 53,155 57,870 8.9
June 55,422    
July 48,096    
August 53,577    
September 54,913    
October 56,880    
November 56,134    
December 52,065    
Year-to-date 256,475 281,529 9.8
Annual 633,563    

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 2: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2004 April 2005 May 2005 Percent Change April-May Percent Change May 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 30,201 33,201 32,503 -2.1 7.6
Exports 22,954 25,096 25,367 1.1 10.5
Total 53,155 58,297 57,870 -0.7 8.9
Truck Imports 19,725 21,455 21,659 1.0 9.8
Exports 18,317 19,706 19,967 1.3 9.0
Rail Imports 7,061 6,940 6,786 -2.2 -3.9
Exports 2,702 3,134 3,106 -0.9 14.9
Pipeline Imports 2,616 3,429 2,939 -14.3 12.3
Exports 155 251 347 38.4 124.4

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 3: May 2005 Surface Trade Compared with May of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to May in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2004 7.6 10.5 8.9
2003 17.2 20.3 18.6
2002 17.9 21.0 19.3
2001 14.5 19.6 16.7
2000 18.5 17.4 18.0
1999 42.3 38.0 40.4
1998 58.3 43.2 51.3
1997 67.5 55.7 62.1
1996 66.6 51.1 59.4
1995 91.5 65.6 79.2

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2004 April 2005 May 2005 Percent Change April-May Percent Change May 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 19,596 21,635 21,128 -2.3 7.8
Exports 14,899 16,491 16,778 1.7 12.6
Total 34,495 38,126 37,906 -0.6 9.8
Truck Imports 11,206 11,901 12,364 3.9 10.3
Exports 11,762 12,868 13,070 1.6 11.1
Rail Imports 5,179 5,115 4,899 -4.2 -5.4
Exports 1,535 1,748 1,803 3.1 17.5
Pipeline Imports 2,616 3,429 2,939 -14.3 12.3
Exports 154 239 295 23.7 91.9

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 5: Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by May 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State May 2005
1 Michigan 6,046
2 Ohio 2,620
3 Illinois 2,512
4 California 2,423
5 New York 2,382
6 Texas 1,682
7 Pennsylvania 1,436
8 Indiana 1,319
9 Washington 1,185
10 Tennessee 1,093

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2004 April 2005 May 2005 Percent Change April-May Percent Change May 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 10,606 11,566 11,375 -1.7 7.3
Exports 8,054 8,605 8,588 -0.2 6.6
Total 18,660 20,172 19,963 -1.0 7.0
Truck Imports 8,519 9,553 9,295 -2.7 9.1
Exports 6,555 6,838 6,897 0.9 5.2
Rail Imports 1,882 1,825 1,887 3.4 0.3
Exports 1,168 1,385 1,303 -6.0 11.6
Pipeline Imports 0 0 0 NA NA
Exports 1 12 52 328.3 7,174.7

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 7: Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by May 2005Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State May 2005
1 Texas 6,477
2 California 3,367
3 Michigan 2,046
4 Arizona 753
5 Illinois 687
6 Ohio 482
7 Indiana 453
8 Tennessee 444
9 New York 388
10 North Carolina 380

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/