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June Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 7.2 Percent from June 2004

June Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 7.2 Percent from June 2004

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 38-05
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Monday, August 29, 2005 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico rose 7.2 percent in June 2005 compared to June 2004 to a total of $59.4 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). 

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total surface transportation trade rose 2.7 percent in June from May (Table 2). Trucks carried 66 percent of imports and 80 percent of Exports by value (Table 3). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total surface transportation trade value in June was up 28.8 percent compared to June 2002, and up 87.1 percent compared to June 1995, a period of 10 years (Table 4). Imports in June were up 99.7 percent compared to June 1995, while Exports were up 72.8 percent (Table 4).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S. - Canada surface transportation trade totaled $39.1 billion in June, up 8.4 percent compared to June 2004 (Table 5). Trucks carried 57 percent of imports and 79 percent of Exports by value (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck rose 3.3 percent in June 2005 compared to June 2004 while the value of Exports rose 13.0 percent.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in June with $6.1 billion (Table 7).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $20.3 billion in June, up 5.1 percent compared to June 2004 (Table 8). Trucks carried 83 percent of imports and 80 percent of Exports by value (Table 9). The value of imports carried by truck rose 4.8 percent in June 2005 compared to June 2004 while the value of Exports rose 5.7 percent.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in June with $6.5 billion (Table 10).

The Transborder Surface Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. June transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of July 15, 2005.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release July transborder numbers on Sept. 27.

Table 1: Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 Percent Change 2004-2005
January 45,686 52,334 14.6
February 48,170 53,592 11.3
March 56,269 59,436 5.6
April 53,195 58,297 9.6
May 53,155 57,870 8.9
June 55,422 59,431 7.2
July 48,096    
August 53,577    
September 54,913    
October 56,880    
November 56,134    
December 52,065    
Year-to-date 311,897 340,960 9.3
Annual 633,563    

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 2: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   June 2004 May 2005 June 2005 Percent Change May-June Percent Change June 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 32,463 32,503 33,724 3.8 3.9
Exports 22,959 25,367 25,707 1.3 12.0
Total 55,422 57,870 59,431 2.7 7.2
Truck Imports 21,454 21,659 22,301 3.0 3.9
Exports 18,516 19,967 20,437 2.4 10.4
Rail Imports 6,885 6,786 6,482 -4.5 -5.9
Exports 2,493 3,106 2,845 -8.4 14.1
Pipeline Imports 3,170 2,939 3,792 29.0 19.6
Exports 117 347 184 -46.8 57.6

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 3: Modal Shares of U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation - June 2005

Excel | CSV

  Mode Amount Percentage
Imports Truck  22,301 66.1
Rail 6,482 19.2
Pipeline 3,792 11.2
3-Mode Total 32,575 96.6
Exports Truck 20,437 79.5
Rail   2,845 11.1
Pipeline 184   0.7
3-Mode Total 23,466 91.3

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 4: June 2005 Surface Trade Compared with June of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to June in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2004 3.9 12.0 7.2
2003 25.7 24.7 25.3
2002 29.9 27.3 28.8
2001 21.0 23.1 21.9
2000 19.1 15.2 17.4
1999 40.0 34.8 37.7
1998 66.7 48.3 58.2
1997 78.3 55.4 67.7
1996 79.7 59.9 70.5
1995 99.7 72.8 87.1

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 5: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   June 2004 May 2005 June 2005 Percent Change May-June Percent Change June 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 21,076 21,128 22,097 4.6 4.8
Exports 14,957 16,778 16,961 1.1 13.4
Total 36,033 37,906 39,058 3.0 8.4
Truck Imports 12,194 12,364 12,601 1.9 3.3
Exports 11,872 13,070 13,416 2.6 13.0
Rail Imports 4,979 4,899 4,757 -2.9 -4.4
Exports 1,452 1,803 1,556 -13.7 7.1
Pipeline Imports 3,170 2,939 3,792 29.0 19.6
Exports 114 295 149 -49.6 30.3

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 6: Modal Share of U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation - June 2005

Excel | CSV

  Mode Amount Percentage
Imports Truck 12,601 57.0
Rail   4,757 21.5
Pipeline   3,792 17.2
3-Mode Total 21,150 95.7
Exports Truck 13,416  79.1
Rail   1,556 9.2
Pipeline 149 0.9
3-Mode Total 15,121 89.2

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 7: Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by June 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State June 2005
1 Michigan 6,113
2 Illinois 2,776
3 Ohio 2,578
4 New York 2,538
5 California 2,447
6 Texas 1,601
7 Washington 1,498
8 Pennsylvania 1,389
9 Indiana 1,286
10 Tennessee 1,129

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 8: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   June 2004 May 2005 June 2005 Percent Change May-June Percent Change June 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 11,388 11,375 11,626 2.2 2.1
Exports 8,002 8,588 8,747 1.8 9.3
Total 19,390 19,963 20,373 2.1 5.1
Truck Imports 9,260 9,295 9,700 4.4 4.8
Exports 6,664 6,897 7,021 1.8 5.7
Rail Imports 1,906 1,887 1,724 -8.6 -9.5
Exports 1,041 1,303 1,289 -1.1 23.9
Pipeline Imports 0 0 0 NA NA
Exports 3 52 35 -31.3 1,231.3

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 9: Modal Share of U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation - June 2005

Excel | CSV

  Mode Amount Percentage
Imports Truck 9,700 83.4
Rail 1,724 14.8
Pipeline         0   0.0
3-Mode Total            11,425 98.3
Exports Truck 7,021 80.3
Rail 1,289 14.7
Pipeline 35   0.4
3-Mode Total 8,345 95.4

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html

Table 10: Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by June 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State June 2005
1 Texas 6,506
2 California 3,638
3 Michigan 1,876
4 Illinois 711
5 Arizona 705
6 Ohio 513
7 Indiana 476
8 Tennessee 439
9 New York 388
10 Georgia 382

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/