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July Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 3.3 Percent from July 2004

July Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 3.3 Percent from July 2004

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BTS 44-05
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, October 11, 2005 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico rose 3.3 percent in July 2005 from July 2004 to a total of $49.7 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total North American surface transportation trade fell 16.4 percent in July from June (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors. Trucks carried 64 percent of imports and 79 percent of exports by value.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total North American surface transportation trade value in July was up 20.0 percent compared to July 2002, and up 94.7 percent compared to July 1995, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in July were up 107.4 percent compared to July 1995, while exports were up 79.6 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S. - Canada surface transportation trade totaled $31.8 billion in July, up 4.8 percent compared to July 2004 (Table 4). Trucks carried 53 percent of imports and 79 percent of exports by value. The value of imports carried by truck rose 0.6 percent in July 2005 from July 2004 while the value of exports rose 7.7 percent.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in July with $3.6 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $17.9 billion in July, up 0.8 percent compared to July 2004 (Table 6). Trucks carried 85 percent of imports and 80 percent of exports by value. The value of imports carried by truck rose 1.9 percent in July 2005 from July 2004 while the value of exports fell 1.3 percent.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in July with $5.6 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Surface Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. July transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of Sept. 16, 2005.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/. BTS will release August transborder numbers on Oct. 27.

Table 1: Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 Percent Change 2004-2005
January 45,686 52,334 14.6
February 48,170 53,592 11.3
March 56,269 59,436 5.6
April 53,195 58,297 9.6
May 53,155 57,870 8.9
June 55,422 59,431 7.2
July 48,096 49,690 3.3
August 53,577    
September 54,913    
October 56,880    
November 56,134    
December 52,065    
Year-to-date 359,993 390,650 9.3
Annual 633,563    

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 2: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   July 2004 June 2005 July 2005 Percent Change June-July Percent Change July 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 28,154 33,724 28,705 -14.9 2.0
Exports 19,942 25,707 20,985 -18.4 5.2
Total 48,096 59,431 49,690 -16.4 3.3
Truck Imports 18,265 22,301 18,476 -17.2 1.2
Exports 15,987 20,437 16,637 -18.6 4.1
Rail Imports 5,381 6,482 5,276 -18.6 -2.0
Exports 1,967 2,845 2,273 -20.1 15.6
Pipeline Imports 3,181 3,792 3,624 -4.4 13.9
Exports 246 184 205 11.3 -16.7

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/srfin.html

Table 3: July 2005 Surface Trade Compared with July of Prior Years

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Compared to July in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2004 2.0 5.2 3.3
2003 16.4 16.9 16.6
2002 19.2 21.0 20.0
2001 18.9 25.5 21.6
2000 18.8 17.2 18.1
1999 35.2 30.3 33.1
1998 63.9 44.5 55.1
1997 66.6 39.6 54.1
1996 71.2 52.9 63.0
1995 107.4 79.6 94.7

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   July 2004 June 2005 July 2005 Percent Change June-July Percent Change July 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 18,148 22,097 18,778 -15.0 3.5
Exports 12,219 16,961 13,040 -23.1 6.7
Total 30,368 39,058 31,817 -18.5 4.8
Truck Imports 9,956 12,601 10,013 -20.5 0.6
Exports 9,528 13,416 10,264 -23.5 7.7
Rail Imports 3,904 4,757 4,029 -15.3 3.2
Exports 1,113 1,556 1,138 -26.9 2.2
Pipeline Imports 3,181 3,792 3,624 -4.4 13.9
Exports 241 149 154 3.3 -36.0

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/srfin.html

Table 5: Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by July 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State July 2005
1 Michigan 3,551
2 Illinois 2,397
3 California 2,133
4 New York 2,105
5 Ohio 1,912
6 Texas 1,499
7 Washington 1,310
8 Pennsylvania 1,300
9 Minnesota 990
10 Tennessee 968

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 6: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   July 2004 June 2005 July 2005 Percent ChangeJune-July Percent Change July 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 10,005 11,626 9,927 -14.6 -0.8
Exports 7,723 8,747 7,945 -9.2 2.9
Total 17,728 20,373 17,872 -12.3 0.8
Truck Imports 8,308 9,700 8,462 -12.8 1.9
Exports 6,458 7,021 6,372 -9.2 -1.3
Rail Imports 1,478 1,724 1,247 -27.7 -15.6
Exports 854 1,289 1,136 -11.9 32.9
Pipeline Imports 0 0 0 NA NA
Exports 6 35 51 44.6 771.2

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/srfin.html

Table 7: Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by July 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State July 2005
1 Texas 5,649
2 California 3,333
3 Michigan 1,341
4 Illinois 642
5 Arizona 613
6 Ohio 442
7 Indiana 409
8 Tennessee 397
9 New York 353
10 North Carolina 347

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/