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December 2005 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Grew 13.5 Percent from December 2004

December 2005 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Grew 13.5 Percent from December 2004

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BTS 10-06
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, February 28, 2006 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 13.5 percent higher in December 2005 than in December 2004, reaching $59.1 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total North American surface transportation trade fell 6.0 percent in December from November (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. merchandise trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total North American surface transportation trade value in December was up 54.5 percent compared to December 2001, and up 102.3 percent compared to December 1995, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in December were up 120.7 percent compared to December 1995, while exports were up 81.1 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $39.2 billion in December, up 16.2 percent compared to December 2004 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 4.6 percent higher in December 2005 than December 2004 while the value of exports carried by truck was 8.8 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in December with $6.2 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $19.9 billion in December, up 8.5 percent compared to December 2004 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 6.1 percent higher in December 2005 than December 2004 while the value of exports carried by truck was 6.9 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in December with $6.5 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. December transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of Feb. 13.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release additional annual 2005 transborder numbers on March 14 and January transborder numbers on March 28.

Table 1: Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 Percent Change 2004-2005
January 45,686 52,334 14.6
February 48,170 53,592 11.3
March 56,269 59,436 5.6
April 53,195 58,297 9.6
May 53,155 57,870 8.9
June 55,422 59,431 7.2
July 48,096 49,690 3.3
August 53,577 60,188 12.3
September 54,913 61,166 11.4
October 56,880 63,985 12.5
November 56,134 62,894 12.0
December 52,065 59,104 13.5
Year-to-date 633,563 697,987 10.2
Annual 633,563 697,987 10.2

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   December 2004 November 2005 December 2005 Percent Change Nov.- Dec. 2005 Percent Change December 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 29,668 36,387 34,525 -5.1 16.4
Exports 22,397 26,507 24,579 -7.3 9.7
Total 52,065 62,894 59,104 -6.0 13.5
Truck Imports 19,141 23,095 20,142 -12.8 5.2
Exports 17,758 20,899 19,197 -8.1 8.1
Rail Imports 6,199 7,440 7,497 0.8 21.0
Exports 2,528 3,125 3,049 -2.4 20.6
Pipeline Imports 3,309 4,753 5,402 13.7 63.2
Exports 238 212 279 31.3 17.2

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3: December 2005 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with December of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to December in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2004 16.4 9.7 13.5
2003 33.1 26.1 30.1
2002 46.3 42.9 44.9
2001 58.4 49.4 54.5
2000 34.8 28.4 32.0
1999 47.7 26.6 38.1
1998 69.4 46.4 59.0
1997 82.1 52.3 68.4
1996 99.1 53.1 77.0
1995 120.7 81.1 102.3

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   December 2004 November 2005 December 2005 Percent Change Nov.- Dec. 2005 Percent Change December 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 19,306 24,074 23,378 -2.9 21.1
Exports 14,444 16,974 15,850 -6.6 9.7
Total 33,750 41,048 39,228 -4.4 16.2
Truck Imports 10,666 12,894 11,152 -13.5 4.6
Exports 11,357 13,379 12,353 -7.7 8.8
Rail Imports 4,527 5,546 5,562 0.3 22.9
Exports 1,364 1,716 1,617 -5.8 18.6
Pipeline Imports 3,309 4,753 5,402 13.7 63.2
Exports 226 147 212 44.3 -6.1

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5: Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by December 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State December 2005
1 Michigan 6,225
2 Illinois 2,893
3 New York 2,820
4 Ohio 2,460
5 California 2,455
6 Texas 1,766
7 Washington 1,492
8 Pennsylvania 1,338
9 Tennessee 1,323
10 Indiana 1,159

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   December 2004 November 2005 December 2005 Percent Change        Nov.- Dec. 2005 Percent Change December 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 10,362 12,312 11,147 -9.5 7.6
Exports 7,953 9,534 8,729 -8.4 9.8
Total 18,315 21,846 19,876 -9.0 8.5
Truck Imports 8,475 10,200 8,991 -11.9 6.1
Exports 6,401 7,519 6,844 -9.0 6.9
Rail Imports 1,672 1,894 1,936 2.2 15.8
Exports 1,164 1,409 1,432 1.7 23.0
Pipeline Imports 0 0 0 NA NA
Exports 12 66 67 2.0 445.5

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 7: Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by December 2005 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State December 2005
1 Texas 6,456
2 California 3,415
3 Michigan 2,100
4 Arizona 790
5 Illinois 603
6 Ohio 511
7 Tennessee 443
8 New York 395
9 Indiana 366
10 North Carolina 364

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/