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2005 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Grew 10 Percent from 2004

2005 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Grew 10 Percent from 2004

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 12-06
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, March 14, 2006 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 10 percent higher in 2005 than in 2004, the second consecutive year of growth of at least 10 percent, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total North American surface transportation reached $698 billion. Imports rose 10 percent from 2004 to $401 billion and exports rose 10 percent to $297 billion (Table 2).

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. merchandise trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total North American surface transportation trade value in 2005 was up 29 percent compared to 2002, the low point for the last six years, and up 89 percent compared to 1995, a period of 10 years (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $458 billion in 2005, up 12 percent compared to 2004 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 8 percent higher in 2005 than 2004 while the value of exports carried by truck was 11 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in 2005 with $72 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.-Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $240 billion in 2005, up 7 percent compared to 2004 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 7 percent higher in 2005 than 2004 while the value of exports carried by truck was 5 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in 2005 with $78 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. Transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of Feb. 13.

BTS also produces monthly Transborder freight statistics. Monthly news releases and summary tables can be found at http://www.bts.gov/press_releases/north_american_surface_freight_data.html. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release additional January transborder numbers on March 28.

Table 1: Annual Value of U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico and Percentage Change from the Previous Year: 1995-2005

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Year Amount Percent Change
1995 370,265  
1996 410,382 10.8
1997 425,977 3.8
1998 451,736 6.0
1999 501,250 11.0
2000 575,713 14.9
2001 547,312 -4.9
2002 540,795 -1.2
2003 562,776 4.1
2004 633,563 12.6
2005 697,987 10.2

Note: Values before 1997 include merchandise transshipped through Canada and Mexico.

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/.

Table 2: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode       2004     2005 Percent Change 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 364,381 400,803 10.0
Exports 269,182 297,184 10.4
Total 633,563 697,987 10.2
Truck Imports 237,706 255,963 7.7
Exports 215,247 234,563 9.0
Rail Imports 78,131 81,388 4.2
Exports 30,229 35,070 16.0
Pipeline Imports 36,829 48,766 32.4
Exports 1,671 2,937 75.7

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3: 2005 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with Prior Years

Excel | CSV

2005 Compared to Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2004 10.0 10.4 10.2
2003 24.4 23.6 24.0
2002 29.6 28.3 29.1
2001 28.2 26.7 27.5
2000 23.8 17.9 21.2
1999 43.8 33.6 39.2
1998 64.4 42.9 54.5
1997 75.9 50.0 63.9
1996 82.6 55.7 70.1
1995 102.7 72.2 88.5

Note: Values before 1997 include merchandise transshipped through Canada and Mexico.Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2004 2005 Percent Change 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 236,735 265,402 12.1
Exports 171,878 192,907 12.2
Total 408,613 458,310 12.2
Truck Imports 132,762 143,696 8.2
Exports 135,897 151,222 11.3
Rail Imports 57,947 60,606 4.6
Exports 16,597 19,322 16.4
Pipeline Imports 36,828 48,766 32.4
Exports 1,584 2,394 51.1

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5: Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation in 2005, Ranked by Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State 2005
1 Michigan 71,930
2 Illinois 32,022
3 New York 31,390
4 Ohio 29,568
5 California 28,833
6 Texas 20,119
7 Washington 17,215
8 Pennsylvania 17,197
9 Indiana 14,966
10 Tennessee 13,791

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2004 2005 Percent Change 2004-2005
All Surface Modes Imports 127,646 135,400 6.1
Exports 97,304 104,277 7.2
Total 224,950 239,677 6.5
Truck Imports 104,944 112,268 7.0
Exports 79,349 83,341 5.0
Rail Imports 20,183 20,782 3.0
Exports 13,633 15,748 15.5
Pipeline Imports 0 0 NA
Exports 87 543 523.2

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 7: Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation in 2005, Ranked by Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State 2005
1 Texas 77,943
2 California 41,476
3 Michigan 23,635
4 Arizona 8,446
5 Illinois 8,057
6 Ohio 5,948
7 Indiana 5,385
8 Tennessee 5,272
9 New York 4,636
10 North Carolina 4,389

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/