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January Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 16.9 Percent from January 2005

January Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 16.9 Percent from January 2005

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 15-06
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, March 28, 2006 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 16.9 percent higher in January 2006 than in January 2005, reaching $61.2 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that the increase from January 2005 was the largest rise from the same month in the previous year since a 19.0 percent increase in August 2004 from August 2003. Year-to-year percentage changes for 2004 and 2005 were reported in previous BTS releases which can be found at http://www.bts.gov/press_releases/north_american_surface_freight_data.html.

Total North American surface transportation trade rose 3.5 percent in January from December (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total North American surface transportation trade value in January was up 32.1 percent compared to January 2001, and up 98.3 percent compared to January 1996, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in January were up 112.5 percent compared to January 1996, while exports were up 81.1 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $40.0 billion in January, up 16.2 percent compared to January 2005 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 9.6 percent higher in January 2006 than January 2005 while the value of exports carried by truck was 14.1 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in January with $6.1 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $21.2 billion in January, up 18.3 percent compared to January 2005 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 13.2 percent higher in January 2006 than January 2005 while the value of exports carried by truck was 17.3 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in January with $7.0 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. January transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of March 13.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release February transborder numbers on April 28.

Table 1: Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2005 2006 Percent Change 2005-2006
January 52,334 61,189 16.9
February 53,592    
March 59,436    
April 58,297    
May 57,870    
June 59,431    
July 49,690    
August 60,188    
September 61,166    
October 63,985    
November 62,894    
December 59,104    
Year-to-date 52,334 61,189 16.9
Annual 697,987    

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2005 December 2005 January 2006 Percent Change Dec. 2005-Jan. 2006 Percent Change January 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 30,096 34,525 36,051 4.4 19.8
Exports 22,239 24,579 25,138 2.3 13.0
Total 52,334 59,104 61,189 3.5 16.9
Truck Imports 19,175 20,142 21,318 5.8 11.2
Exports 17,433 19,197 20,103 4.7 15.3
Rail Imports 5,804 7,497 7,638 1.9 31.6
Exports 2,529 3,049 2,863 -6.1 13.2
Pipeline Imports 3,843 5,402 5,555 2.8 44.5
Exports 402 279 235 -15.7 -41.6

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3: January 2006 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with January of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to January in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2005 19.8 13.0 16.9
2004 36.9 29.9 33.9
2003 42.9 35.7 39.8
2002 52.0 42.8 48.1
2001 34.0 29.5 32.1
2000 47.8 34.5 42.0
1999 78.3 58.5 69.6
1998 96.5 56.2 77.7
1997 103.7 69.1 88.0
1996 112.5 81.1 98.3

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4: U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2005 December 2005 January 2006 Percent Change Dec. 2005-Jan. 2006 Percent Change January 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 20,222 23,378 24,275 3.8 20.0
Exports 14,201 15,850 15,722 -0.8 10.7
Total 34,423 39,228 39,996 2.0 16.2
Truck Imports 10,737 11,152 11,768 5.5 9.6
Exports 10,889 12,353 12,430 0.6 14.1
Rail Imports 4,547 5,562 5,626 1.2 23.7
Exports 1,405 1,617 1,576 -2.6 12.2
Pipeline Imports 3,843 5,402 5,555 2.8 44.5
Exports 392 212 177 -16.4 -54.8

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes.  The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by January 2006 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State January 2006
1 Michigan 6,059
2 Illinois 3,140
3 New York 2,928
4 Ohio 2,356
5 California 2,335
6 Texas 1,783
7 Washington 1,622
8 Pennsylvania 1,551
9 Tennessee 1,370
10 Indiana 1,266

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2005 December 2005 January 2006 Percent Change Dec. 2005-Jan. 2006 Percent Change January 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 9,874 11,147 11,776 5.6 19.3
Exports 8,038 8,729 9,416 7.9 17.1
Total 17,912 19,876 21,192 6.6 18.3
Truck Imports 8.438 8,991 9,550 6.2 13.2
Exports 6,544 6,844 7,674 12.1 17.3
Rail Imports 1,257 1,936 2,011 3.9 60.0
Exports 1,124 1,432 1,287 -10.1 14.5
Pipeline Imports 0 0 0 NA NA
Exports 10 67 58 -13.5 469.9

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 7: Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by January 2006 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State January 2006
1 Texas 7,048
2 California 3,292
3 Michigan 2,304
4 Arizona 990
5 Illinois 661
6 Ohio 483
7 Tennessee 473
8 Indiana 423
9 New York 374
10 North Carolina 368

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/