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April Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 5.9 Percent from April 2005

April Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 5.9 Percent from April 2005

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 31-06
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, June 29, 2006 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 5.9 percent higher in April 2006 than in April 2005, reaching $61.7 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total North American surface transportation trade fell 9.5 percent in April from March (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total North American surface transportation trade value in April was up 31.9 percent compared to April 2001, and up 78.9 percent compared to April 1996, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in April were up 91.7 percent compared to April 1996, while exports were up 64.5 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $40.6 billion in April, up 6.5 percent compared to April 2005 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 4.0 percent higher in April 2006 than April 2005 while the value of exports carried by truck was 6.1 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in April with $6.3 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $21.1 billion in April, up 4.7 percent compared to April 2005 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 1.8 percent higher in April 2006 than April 2005 while the value of exports carried by truck was 5.6 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in April with $6.7 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. April transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of June 13.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release May transborder numbers on July 31.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 2006 Percent Change      2004-2005 Percent Change      2005-2006
January 45,686 52,334 61,189 14.6 16.9
February 48,170 53,592 59,804 11.3 11.6
March 56,269 59,436 68,213 5.6 14.8
April 53,195 58,297 61,742 9.6 5.9
May 53,155 57,870   8.9  
June 55,422 59,431   7.2  
July 48,096 49,690   3.3  
August 53,577 60,188   12.3  
September 54,913 61,166   11.4  
October 56,880 63,985   12.5  
November 56,134 62,894   12.0  
December 52,065 59,104   13.5  
Year-to-date 203,320 223,659 250,947 10.0 12.2
Annual 633,563 697,987   10.2  

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2005 March 2006 April 2006 Percent Change Mar. 2006-Apr. 2006 Percent Change April 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 33,201 38,440 35,126 -8.6 5.8
Exports 25,096 29,772 26,616 -10.6 6.1
Total 58,297 68,213 61,742 -9.5 5.9
Truck Imports 21,455 24,751 22,102 -10.7 3.0
Exports 19,706 23,615 20,871 -11.6 5.9
Rail Imports 6,940 8,068 7,471 -7.4 7.7
Exports 3,134 3,556 3,255 -8.5 3.9
Pipeline Imports 3,429 4,378 4,227 -3.4 23.3
Exports 251 368 187 -49.2 -25.3

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3. April 2006 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with April of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to April in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2005 5.8 6.1 5.9
2004 15.5 16.8 16.1
2003 32.4 31.1 31.8
2002 31.3 32.9 32.0
2001 31.8 32.2 31.9
2000 35.6 26.9 31.7
1999 57.2 44.4 51.4
1998 71.3 45.8 59.3
1997 81.5 55.8 69.5
1996 91.7 64.5 78.9

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2005 March 2006 April 2006 Percent Change Mar. 2006-Apr. 2006 Percent Change April 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 21,635 24,644 23,097 -6.3 6.8
Exports 16,491 19,359 17,518 -9.5 6.2
Total 38,126 44,002 40,615 -7.7 6.5
Truck Imports 11,901 13,522 12,379 -8.4 4.0
Exports 12,868 15,238 13,648 -10.4 6.1
Rail Imports 5,115 5,707 5,440 -4.7 6.4
Exports 1,748 2,048 1,967 -4.0 12.5
Pipeline Imports 3,429 4,378 4,225 -3.5 23.2
Exports 239 310 120 -61.3 -49.6

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by April 2006 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State April 2006
1 Michigan 6,267
2 Illinois 3,020
3 New York 2,764
4 Ohio 2,585
5 California 2,473
6 Texas 1,989
7 Washington 1,535
8 Pennsylvania 1,506
9 Indiana 1,395
10 Tennessee 1,213

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2005 March 2006 April 2006 Percent Change Mar. 2006-Apr. 2006 Percent Change April 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 11,566 13,796 12,029 -12.8 4.0
Exports 8,605 10,414 9,098 -12.6 5.7
Total 20,172 24,210 21,127 -12.7 4.7
Truck Imports 9,553 11,229 9,722 -13.4 1.8
Exports 6,838 8,376 7,222 -13.8 5.6
Rail Imports 1,825 2,361 2,031 -14.0 11.3
Exports 1,385 1,508 1,288 -14.6 -7.1
Pipeline Imports 0 0 2 NA NA
Exports 12 58 67 15.7 456.4

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation, Ranked by April 2006 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State April 2006
1 Texas 6,673
2 California 3,500
3 Michigan 2,260
4 Arizona 871
5 Illinois 724
6 Ohio 489
7 Tennessee 437
8 New York 420
9 North Carolina 375
10 Pennsylvania 373

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/