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May Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 14.0 Percent from May 2005

May Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 14.0 Percent from May 2005

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 36-06
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Monday, July 31, 2006 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 14.0 percent higher in May 2006 than in May 2005, reaching $66.0 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). 

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total North American surface transportation trade rose 6.9 percent in May from April (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total North American surface transportation trade value in May was up 33.0 percent compared to May 2001, and up 81.8 percent compared to May 1996, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in May were up 91.0 percent compared to May 1996, while exports were up 71.2 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $42.9 billion in May, up 13.2 percent compared to May 2005 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 9.9 percent higher in May 2006 than May 2005, while the value of exports carried by truck was 12.8 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in May with $6.6 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $23.1 billion in May, up 15.6 percent compared to May 2005 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 16.1 percent higher in May 2006 than May 2005 while the value of exports carried by truck was 17.7 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in May with $7.3 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. May transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of July 13.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release June transborder numbers on Aug. 29.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 2006 Percent Change      2004-2005 Percent Change      2005-2006
January 45,686 52,334 61,189 14.6 16.9
February 48,170 53,592 59,804 11.3 11.6
March 56,269 59,436 68,213 5.6 14.8
April 53,195 58,297 61,742 9.6 5.9
May 53,155 57,870 65,994 8.9 14.0
June 55,422 59,431   7.2  
July 48,096 49,690   3.3  
August 53,577 60,188   12.3  
September 54,913 61,166   11.4  
October 56,880 63,985   12.5  
November 56,134 62,894   12.0  
December 52,065 59,104   13.5  
Year-to-date 256,475 281,529 316,942 9.8 12.6
Annual 633,563 697,987   10.2  

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2005 April 2006 May 2006 Percent Change Apr. 2006-May 2006 Percent Change May 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 32,503 35,126 37,257 6.1 14.6
Exports 25,367 26,616 28,737 8.0 13.3
Total 57,870 61,742 65,994 6.9 14.0
Truck Imports 21,659 22,102 24,377 10.3 12.6
Exports 19,967 20,871 22,861 9.5 14.5
Rail Imports 6,786 7,471 7,440 -0.4 9.6
Exports 3,106 3,255 3,599 10.6 15.9
Pipeline Imports 2,939 4,227 4,367 3.3 48.6
Exports 347 187 260 39.0 -25.0

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3. May 2006 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with May of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to May in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2005 14.6 13.3 14.0
2004 23.4 25.2 24.2
2003 34.3 36.3 35.2
2002 35.1 37.1 36.0
2001 31.2 35.5 33.0
2000 35.8 33.0 34.6
1999 63.1 56.3 60.1
1998 81.5 62.3 72.6
1997 92.0 76.4 84.9
1996 91.0 71.2 81.8

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2005 April 2006 May 2006 Percent Change Apr. 2006-May 2006 Percent Change May 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 21,128 23,097 24,201 4.8 14.5
Exports 16,778 17,518 18,712 6.8 11.5
Total 37,906 40,615 42,914 5.7 13.2
Truck Imports 12,364 12,379 13,590 9.8 9.9
Exports 13,070 13,648 14,746 8.0 12.8
Rail Imports 4,899 5,440 5,383 -1.0 9.9
Exports 1,803 1,967 2,136 8.6 18.4
Pipeline Imports 2,939 4,225 4,367 3.4 48.6
Exports 295 120 193 60.9 -34.5

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by May 2006 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State May 2006
1 Michigan 6,607
2 Illinois 3,124
3 New York 2,971
4 Ohio 2,905
5 California 2,550
6 Texas 1,996
7 Pennsylvania 1,860
8 Indiana 1,472
9 Washington 1,405
10 Tennessee 1,212

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2005 April 2006 May 2006 Percent Change Apr. 2006-May 2006 Percent Change May 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 11,375 12,029 13,056 8.5 14.8
Exports 8,588 9,098 10,024 10.2 16.7
Total 19,963 21,127 23,080 9.2 15.6
Truck Imports 9,295 9,722 10,788 11.0 16.1
Exports 6,897 7,222 8,115 12.4 17.7
Rail Imports 1,887 2,031 2,056 1.3 9.0
Exports 1,303 1,288 1,464 13.7 12.4
Pipeline Imports 0 2 0 NA NA
Exports 52 67 67 -0.2 29.6

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by May 2006 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State May 2006
1 Texas 7,278
2 California 3,709
3 Michigan 2,479
4 Arizona 916
5 Illinois 806
6 Ohio 563
7 New York 501
8 Tennessee 485
9 North Carolina 439
10 Indiana 439

Source: BTS Transborder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/