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July Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 12.6 Percent from July 2005

July Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 12.6 Percent from July 2005

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 45-06
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Friday, September 29, 2006 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 12.6 percent higher in July 2006 than in July 2005, reaching $55.9 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that North American surface transportation trade fell 16.4 percent in July from June (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total North American surface transportation trade value in July was up 36.9 percent compared to July 2001, and up 83.5 percent compared to July 1996, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in July were up 91.2 percent compared to July 1996, while exports were up 74.0 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $35.2 billion in July, up 10.7 percent compared to July 2005 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 7.6 percent higher in July 2006 than July 2005, while the value of exports carried by truck was 14.3 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in July with $3.5 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $20.7 billion in July, up 16.0 percent compared to July 2005 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 17.2 percent higher in July 2006 than July 2005 while the value of exports carried by truck was 14.5 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in July with $6.5 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Freight Data are a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. July transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of September 14.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on Transborder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release August transborder numbers on Oct. 30.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 2006 Percent Change 2004-2005 Percent Change 2005-2006
January 45,686 52,334 61,189 14.6 16.9
February 48,170 53,592 59,804 11.3 11.6
March 56,269 59,436 68,213 5.6 14.8
April 53,195 58,297 61,742 9.6 5.9
May 53,155 57,870 65,994 8.9 14.0
June 55,422 59,431 66,898 7.2 12.6
July 48,096 49,690 55,939 3.3 12.6
August 53,577 60,188   12.3  
September 54,913 61,166   11.4  
October 56,880 63,985   12.5  
November 56,134 62,894   12.0  
December 52,065 59,104   13.5  
Year-to-date 359,993 390,650 439,779 8.5 12.6
Annual 633,563 697,987   10.2  

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. Value of U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   July 2005 June 2006 July 2006 Percent Change June 2006-July 2006 Percent Change July 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 28,705 37,938 32,064 -15.5 11.7
Exports 20,985 28,960 23,875 -17.6 13.8
Total 49,690 66,898 55,939 -16.4 12.6
Truck Imports 18,476 24,542 20,685 -15.7 12.0
Exports 16,637 23,330 19,024 -18.5 14.4
Rail Imports 5,276 7,934 6,094 -23.2 15.5
Exports 2,273 3,212 2,760 -14.0 21.4
Pipeline Imports 3,624 4,332 4,106 -5.2 13.3
Exports 205 198 192 -3.0 -6.4

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3. July 2006 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with July of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to July in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2005 11.7 13.8 12.6
2004 13.9 19.7 16.3
2003 30.0 33.0 31.3
2002 33.2 37.7 35.1
2001 32.8 42.8 36.9
2000 32.7 33.4 33.0
1999 51.1 48.3 49.9
1998 83.1 64.5 74.6
1997 86.1 58.9 73.4
1996 91.2 74.0 83.5

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. Value of U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   July 2005 June 2006 July 2006 Percent Change June 2006-July 2006 Percent Change July 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 18,778 24,138 20,267 -16.0 7.9
Exports 13,040 18,695 14,947 -20.0 14.6
Total 31,817 42,833 35,214 -17.8 10.7
Truck Imports 10,013 13,391 10,769 -19.6 7.6
Exports 10,264 15,020 11,728 -21.9 14.3
Rail Imports 4,029 5,524 4,455 -19.4 10.6
Exports 1,138 1,740 1,565 -10.1 37.5
Pipeline Imports 3,624 4,331 4,104 -5.2 13.3
Exports 154 143 148 3.1 -4.2

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by July 2006 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State July 2006
1 Michigan 3,504
2 Illinois 3,069
3 New York 2,415
4 California 2,344
5 Ohio 2,221
6 Texas 1,794
7 Pennsylvania 1,453
8 Washington 1,399
9 Indiana 1,158
10 Tennessee 1,117

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. Value of U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   July 2005 June 2006 July 2006 Percent Change June 2006-July 2006 Percent Change July 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 9,927 13,800 11,797 -14.5 18.8
Exports 7,945 10,265 8,927 -13.0 12.4
Total 17,872 24,065 20,725 -13.9 16.0
Truck Imports 8,462 11,152 9,915 -11.1 17.2
Exports 6,372 8,311 7,296 -12.2 14.5
Rail Imports 1,247 2,410 1,639 -32.0 31.4
Exports 1,136 1,471 1,196 -18.7 5.3
Pipeline Imports 0 1 1 17.0 NA
Exports 51 55 45 -18.9 -13.0

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by July 2006 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State July 2006
1 Texas 6,450
2 California 3,838
3 Michigan 1,673
4 Illinois 738
5 Arizona 682
6 New York 475
7 Ohio 466
8 Tennessee 451
9 North Carolina 390
10 Pennsylvania 380

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/