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September Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 3.5 Percent from September 2005

September Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 3.5 Percent from September 2005

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 56-06
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, November 30, 2006 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 3.5 percent higher in September 2006 than in September 2005, reaching $63.3 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total North American surface transportation trade fell 4.6 percent in September from August (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total North American surface transportation trade value in September was up 49.0 percent compared to September 2001, and up 82.2 percent compared to September 1996, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in September were up 92.0 percent compared to September 1996, while exports were up 70.5 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $40.4 billion in September, up 0.1 percent compared to September 2005 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 0.8 percent higher in September 2006 than September 2005, while the value of exports carried by truck was 4.3 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in September with $5.5 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $22.9 billion in September, up 10.1 percent compared to September 2005 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 10.9 percent higher in September 2006 than September 2005 while the value of exports carried by truck was 6.2 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in September with $7.0 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Freight Data are a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. September transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of Nov. 13.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on Transborder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release October transborder numbers on Dec. 29.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 2006 Percent Change 2004-2005 Percent Change 2005-2006
January 45,686 52,334 61,189 14.6 16.9
February 48,170 53,592 59,804 11.3 11.6
March 56,269 59,436 68,213 5.6 14.8
April 53,195 58,297 61,742 9.6 5.9
May 53,155 57,870 65,994 8.9 14.0
June 55,422 59,431 66,898 7.2 12.6
July 48,096 49,690 55,939 3.3 12.6
August 53,577 60,188 66,354 12.3 10.2
September 54,913 61,166 63,295 11.4 3.5
October 56,880 63,985   12.5  
November 56,134 62,894   12.0  
December 52,065 59,104   13.5  
Year-to-date 468,483 512,004 569,428 9.3 11.2
Annual 633,563 697,987   10.2  

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   September 2005 August 2006 September 2006 Percent Change Aug. 2006 -Sept. 2006 Percent Change September 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 35,485 37,736 36,232 -4.0 2.1
Exports 25,682 28,618 27,063 -5.4 5.4
Total 61,166 66,354 63,295 -4.6 3.5
Truck Imports 22,281 24,142 23,439 -2.9 5.2
Exports 20,393 22,631 21,410 -5.4 5.0
Rail Imports 7,174 7,605 7,131 -6.2 -0.6
Exports 2,935 3,514 3,297 -6.2 12.3
Pipeline Imports 4,681 4,881 4,192 -14.1 -10.4
Exports 152 175 195 11.5 28.8

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3. September 2006 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with September of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to September in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2005 2.1 5.4 3.5
2004 15.2 15.4 15.3
2003 28.9 30.3 29.5
2002 38.3 38.1 38.2
2001 48.0 50.4 49.0
2000 29.4 27.8 28.7
1999 49.5 41.5 45.9
1998 68.7 52.0 61.1
1997 82.0 54.4 69.1
1996 92.0 70.5 82.2

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   September 2005 August 2006 September 2006 Percent Change Aug. 2006- Sept. 2006 Percent Change September 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 23,659 23,924 22,916 -4.2 -3.1
Exports 16,711 18,299 17,488 -4.4 4.7
Total 40,370 42,223 40,404 -4.3 0.1
Truck Imports 12,573 12,730 12,674 -0.4 0.8
Exports 13,217 14,269 13,789 -3.4 4.3
Rail Imports 5,258 5,438 4,832 -11.1 -8.1
Exports 1,578 2,041 1,885 -7.6 19.4
Pipeline Imports 4,681 4,872 4,180 -14.2 -10.7
Exports 82 114 140 22.2 70.8

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by September 2006 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State September 2006
1 Michigan 5,500
2 Illinois 2,962
3 Ohio 2,815
4 New York 2,730
5 California 2,600
6 Texas 1,934
7 Pennsylvania 1,682
8 Washington 1,530
9 Indiana 1,404
10 Tennessee 1,243

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   September 2005 August 2006 September 2006 Percent Change Aug. 2006 -Sept. 2006 Percent Change September 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 11,826 13,812 13,316 -3.6 12.6
Exports 8,971 10,319 9,574 -7.2 6.7
Total 20,796 24,132 22,890 -5.1 10.1
Truck Imports 9,707 11,412 10,765 -5.7 10.9
Exports 7,176 8,362 7,621 -8.9 6.2
Rail Imports 1,916 2,167 2,299 6.1 20.0
Exports 1,357 1,473 1,412 -4.1 4.1
Pipeline Imports 0 9 12 33.9 NA
Exports 70 61 56 -8.5 -20.3

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by September 2006 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State September 2006
1 Texas 7,006
2 California 3,865
3 Michigan 2,568
4 Illinois 820
5 Arizona 681
6 Ohio 516
7 Tennessee 491
8 New York 490
9 North Carolina 428
10 New Jersey 414

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/