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October Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 4.5 Percent from October 2005

October Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 4.5 Percent from October 2005

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 62-06
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Friday, December 29, 2006 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 4.5 percent higher in October 2006 than in October 2005, reaching $66.8 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total North American surface transportation trade rose 5.6 percent in October from September (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total North American surface transportation trade value in October was up 40.3 percent compared to October 2001, and up 76.9 percent compared to October 1996, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in October were up 94.1 percent compared to October 1996, while exports were up 58.5 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $41.8 billion in October, down 0.7 percent compared to October 2005 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 1.8 percent higher in October 2006 than October 2005, while the value of exports carried by truck was 4.9 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in October with $5.6 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.-Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $25.1 billion in October, up 14.5 percent compared to October 2005 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 14.9 percent higher in October 2006 than October 2005 while the value of exports carried by truck was 9.8 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in October with $7.5 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Freight Data are a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. October transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of Dec. 19.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on Transborder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release November transborder numbers on Jan. 31, 2007.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 2006 Percent Change 2004-2005 Percent Change 2005-2006
January 45,686 52,334 61,189 14.6 16.9
February 48,170 53,592 59,804 11.3 11.6
March 56,269 59,436 68,213 5.6 14.8
April 53,195 58,297 61,742 9.6 5.9
May 53,155 57,870 65,994 8.9 14.0
June 55,422 59,431 66,898 7.2 12.6
July 48,096 49,690 55,939 3.3 12.6
August 53,577 60,188 66,354 12.3 10.2
September 54,913 61,166 63,295 11.4 3.5
October 56,880 63,985 66,846 12.5 4.5
November 56,134 62,894   12.0  
December 52,065 59,104   13.5  
Year-to-date 525,363 575,989 636,273 9.6 10.5
Annual 633,563 697,987   10.2  

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2005 September 2006 October 2006 Percent Change Sept. 2006 -Oct. 2006 Percent Change October 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 37,199 36,232 37,943 4.7 2.0
Exports 26,786 27,063 28,902 6.8 7.9
Total 63,985 63,295 66,846 5.6 4.5
Truck Imports 23,271 23,439 25,010 6.7 7.5
Exports 21,126 21,410 22,530 5.2 6.6
Rail Imports 7,449 7,131 7,328 2.8 -1.6
Exports 3,197 3,297 3,550 7.7 11.0
Pipeline Imports 5,079 4,192 4,392 4.8 -13.5
Exports 169 195 257 31.6 52.0

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3. October 2006 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with October of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to October in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2005 2.0 7.9 4.5
2004 16.4 19.0 17.5
2003 27.1 28.4 27.7
2002 34.6 34.7 34.7
2001 41.6 38.6 40.3
2000 29.5 28.9 29.2
1999 51.2 41.1 46.6
1998 66.4 54.1 60.9
1997 81.4 54.0 68.5
1996 94.1 58.5 76.9

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2005 September 2006 October 2006 Percent Change Sept. 2006-Oct. 2006 Percent Change October 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 24,857 22,916 23,685 3.4 -4.7
Exports 17,239 17,488 18,100 3.5 5.0
Total 42,097 40,404 41,785 3.4 -0.7
Truck Imports 13,152 12,674 13,383 5.6 1.8
Exports 13,508 13,789 14,165 2.7 4.9
Rail Imports 5,427 4,832 4,943 2.3 -8.9
Exports 1,750 1,885 1,977 4.9 13.0
Pipeline Imports 5,079 4,180 4,381 4.8 -13.8
Exports 100 140 199 42.5 98.7

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation Ranked by October 2006 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State October 2006
1 Michigan 5,622
2 Illinois 3,367
3 New York 2,964
4 Ohio 2,955
5 California 2,693
6 Texas 1,952
7 Pennsylvania 1,721
8 Washington 1,479
9 Indiana 1,439
10 Tennessee 1,360

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2005 September 2006 October 2006 Percent Change Sept. 2006-Oct. 2006 Percent Change October 2005-2006
All Surface Modes Imports 12,342 13,316 14,258 7.1 15.5
Exports 9,547 9,574 10,802 12.8 13.2
Total 21,888 22,890 25,061 9.5 14.5
Truck Imports 10,120 10,765 11,626 8.0 14.9
Exports 7,618 7,621 8,364 9.8 9.8
Rail Imports 2,023 2,299 2,385 3.7 17.9
Exports 1,447 1,412 1,573 11.3 8.7
Pipeline Imports 0 12 12 -1.2 NA
Exports 69 56 58 4.3 -15.7

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation Ranked by October 2006 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State October 2006
1 Texas 7,535
2 California 4,737
3 Michigan 2,575
4 Illinois 925
5 Arizona 808
6 Ohio 562
7 Tennessee 537
8 New York 474
9 North Carolina 443
10 Indiana 441

Source: BTS Transborder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/