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January Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 0.9 Percent from January 2006

January Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 0.9 Percent from January 2006

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 14-07
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, March 29, 2007 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico totaled $60.6 billion in January 2007, 0.9 percent less than in January 2006, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that total North American surface transportation trade rose 2.7 percent in January from December (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total North American surface transportation trade value in January was up 46.8 percent compared to January 2002, and up 86.3 percent compared to January 1997, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in January were up 97.9 percent compared to January 1997, while exports were up 72.5 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

 U.S.–Canada surface transportation trade totaled $38.7 billion in January, down 3.2 percent compared to January 2006 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 0.1 percent higher in January 2007 than January 2006, while the value of exports carried by truck was 0.9 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in January with $5.3 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. – Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $21.9 billion in January, up 3.5 percent compared to January 2006 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 10.2 percent higher in January 2007 than January 2006 while the value of exports carried by truck was 0.9 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in January with $6.9 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau’s Foreign Trade Division.  January TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of March 13.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release February TransBorder numbers on April 30.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2005 2006 2007 Percent Change 2005-2006 Percent Change 2006-2007
January 52,334 61,189 60,649 16.9 −0.9
February 53,592 59,804   11.6  
March 59,436 68,213   14.8  
April 58,297 61,742   5.9  
May 57,870 65,994   14.0  
June 59,431 66,898   12.6  
July 49,690 55,939   12.6  
August 60,188 66,354   10.2  
September 61,166 63,295   3.5  
October 63,985 66,846   4.5  
November 62,894 64,805   3.0  
December 59,104 59,049   −0.1  
Year-to-date 52,334 61,189 60,649 16.9 −0.9
Annual 697,987  760,127    8.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2006 December 2006 January 2007 Percent Change Dec. 2006-Jan. 2007 Percent Change January 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 36,051 33,910 35,009 3.2 −2.9
Exports 25,138 25,139 25,640 2.0 2.0
Total 61,189 59,049 60,649 2.7 −0.9
Truck Imports 21,318 21,009 22,308 6.2 4.6
Exports 20,103 19,360 20,288 4.8 0.9
Rail Imports 7,638 7,680 6,864 −10.6 −10.1
Exports 2,863 3,385 3,034 −10.4 6.0
Pipeline Imports 5,555 3,988 4,298 7.8 −22.6
Exports 235 327 295 −9.8 25.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3. January 2007 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with January of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to January in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2006 −2.9 2.0 −0.9
2005 16.3 15.3 15.9
2004 32.9 32.5 32.8
2003 38.7 38.4 38.6
2002 47.6 45.7 46.8
2001 30.1 32.0 30.9
2000 43.6 37.2 40.8
1999 73.1 61.7 68.1
1998 90.8 59.4 76.1
1997 97.9 72.5 86.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2006 December 2006 January 2006 Percent Change Dec. 2006- Jan. 2007 Percent Change January 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 24,275 21,748 22,660 4.2 −6.7
Exports 15,722 16,439 16,065 −2.3 2.2
Total 39,996 38,187 38,725 1.4 −3.2
Truck Imports 11,768 11,465 11,785 2.8 0.1
Exports 12,430 12,672 12,547 −1.0 0.9
Rail Imports 5,626 5,314 5,322 0.2 −5.4
Exports 1,576 1,924 1,724 −10.4 9.4
Pipeline Imports 5,555 3,978 4,288 7.8 −22.8
Exports 177 259 216 −16.4 22.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by January 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State January 2007
1 Michigan 5,256
2 Illinois 2,985
3 Ohio 2,660
4 New York 2,604
5 California 2,541
6 Texas 2,175
7 Pennsylvania 1,450
8 Washington 1,417
9 Indiana 1,323
10 Tennessee 1,302

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   January 2006 December 2006 January 2007 Percent Change Dec. 2006-Jan. 2007 Percent Change January 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 11,776 12,162 12,349 1.5 4.9
Exports 9,416 8,700 9,576 10.1 1.7
Total 21,192 20,862 21,924 5.1 3.5
Truck Imports 9,550 9,544 10,523 10.3 10.2
Exports 7,674 6,687 7,741 15.8 0.9
Rail Imports 2,011 2,366 1,541 −34.8 −23.4
Exports 1,287 1,461 1,310 −10.4 1.8
Pipeline Imports 0 10 10 −1.6 NA
Exports 58 68 79 15.2 36.4

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by January 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State January 2007
1 Texas 6,928
2 California 3,790
3 Michigan 1,725
4 Arizona 942
5 Illinois 810
6 Tennessee 582
7 Ohio 529
8 New York 434
9 Pennsylvania 410
10 North Carolina 403

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/