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February Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 0.2 Percent from February 2006

February Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 0.2 Percent from February 2006

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 20-07
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Monday, April 30, 2007 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico in February 2007 amounted to $59.7 billion, 0.2 percent less than in February 2006, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). 

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico fell 1.6 percent in February from January (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in February was up 43.0 percent compared to February 2002, and up 75.8 percent compared to February 1997, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in February were up 86.8 percent compared to February 1997, while exports were up 63.0 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $38.1 billion in February, down 3.4 percent compared to February 2006 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 0.2 percent lower in February 2007 than February 2006, while the value of exports carried by truck was 4.1 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in February with $5.8 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $21.5 billion in February, up 5.9 percent compared to February 2006 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 10.7 percent higher in February 2007 than February 2006 while the value of exports carried by truck was 0.5 percent lower.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in February with $6.5 billion (Table 7).

The Transborder Freight Data are a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS monthly by the U.S. Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Division. February Transborder numbers include data received by BTS as of April 13.

The news release and summary tables can be found at http://www.dot.gov/affairs/briefing.htm. More information on Transborder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release March Transborder numbers on May 31.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2005 2006 2007 Percent Change 2005-2006 Percent Change 2006-2007
January 52,334 61,189 60,649 16.9 -0.9
February 53,592 59,804 59,667 11.6 -0.2
March 59,436 68,213   14.8  
April 58,297 61,742   5.9  
May 57,870 65,994   14.0  
June 59,431 66,898   12.6  
July 49,690 55,939   12.6  
August 60,188 66,354   10.2  
September 61,166 63,295   3.5  
October 63,985 66,846   4.5  
November 62,894 64,805   3.0  
December 59,104 59,049   -0.1  
Year-to-date 105,926 120,993 120,316 14.2 -0.6
Annual 697,987  760,127    8.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   February2006 January2007 February2007 Percent Change     Jan. 2007 - Feb. 2007 Percent Change February2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 34,603 35,009 33,978 -2.9 -1.8
Exports 25,201 25,640 25,689 0.2 1.9
Total 59,804 60,649 59,667 -1.6 -0.2
Truck Imports 21,156 22,308 22,141 -0.7 4.7
Exports 19,802 20,288 20,290 0.0 2.5
Rail Imports 7,080 6,864 6,696 -2.4 -5.4
Exports 3,073 3,034 3,090 1.8 0.6
Pipeline Imports 5,319 4,298 3,968 -7.7 -25.4
Exports 244 295 285 -3.4 16.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3. February 2007 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with February of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to February in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2006 -1.8 1.9 -0.2
2005 10.2 12.9 11.3
2004 22.0 26.4 23.9
2003 33.6 39.5 36.1
2002 41.6 44.9 43.0
2001 34.0 31.9 33.1
2000 34.0 25.1 30.0
1999 58.6 49.8 54.7
1998 76.0 48.3 62.9
1997 86.8 63.0 75.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   February2006 January2007 February2007 Percent Change     Jan. 2007 - Feb. 2007 Percent Change February2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 23,167 22,660 21,275 -6.1 -8.2
Exports 16,295 16,065 16.841 4.8 3.3
Total 39,462 38,725 38,116 -1.6 -3.4
Truck Imports 11,733 11,785 11,709 -0.6 -0.2
Exports 12,761 12,547 13,281 5.9 4.1
Rail Imports 5,307 5,322 4,692 -11.8 -11.6
Exports 1,683 1,724 1,657 -3.9 -1.6
Pipeline Imports 5,319 4,288 3,960 -7.6 -25.5
Exports 186 216 254 17.3 36.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation Ranked by February 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State February 2007
1 Michigan 5,789
2 Illinois 2,687
3 Ohio 2,484
4 New York 2,451
5 California 2,348
6 Texas 1,880
7 Washington 1,477
8 Pennsylvania 1,353
9 Indiana 1,334
10 Tennessee 1,260

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   February2006 January2007 February2007 Percent Change     Jan. 2007 - Feb. 2007 Percent Change February2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 11,436 12,349 12,703 2.9 11.1
Exports 8,906 9,576 8,848 -7.6 -0.7
Total 20,342 21,924 21,551 -1.7 5.9
Truck Imports 9,423 10,523 10,432 -0.9 10.7
Exports 7,041 7,741 7,009 -9.5 -0.5
Rail Imports 1,774 1,541 2,005 30.0 13.0
Exports 1,389 1,310 1,433 9.4 3.1
Pipeline Imports 0 10 8 -21.1 NA
Exports 59 79 31 -60.1 -46.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation Ranked by February 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State February 2007
1 Texas 6,539
2 California 3,570
3 Michigan 2,147
4 Arizona 922
5 Illinois 800
6 Tennessee 561
7 Ohio 508
8 New York 434
9 Pennsylvania 408
10 Indiana 391

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/