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Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Reached a Monthly Record High in March 2007

Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Reached a Monthly Record High in March 2007

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 26-07
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, May 31, 2007 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 2.3 percent higher in March 2007 than in March 2006, reaching $69.8 billion, the highest monthly level ever recorded, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 16.9 percent in March from February (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Trucks carried $49.1 billion of the March trade with Canada and Mexico (Table 2), the highest monthly number ever recorded.  Trade by truck with Canada in March was valued at $29.0 billion (Table 4) and trade by truck with Mexico was $20.1 billion (Table 6).

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in March was up 53.0 percent compared to March 2002, and up 97.0 percent compared to March 1997, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in March were up 110.4 percent compared to March 1997, while exports were up 81.6 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $45.1 billion in March, up 2.4 percent compared to March 2006 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 1.6 percent higher in March 2007 than March 2006, while the value of exports carried by truck was 0.4 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in March with $7.5 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $24.7 billion in March, up 2.1 percent compared to March 2006 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 8.4 percent higher in March 2007 than March 2006 while the value of exports carried by truck was 5.9 percent lower.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in March with $7.5 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. March TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of May 22.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release April TransBorder numbers on June 28.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2005 2006 2007 Percent Change 2005-2006 Percent Change 2006-2007
January 52,334 61,189 60,649 16.9 -0.9
February 53,592 59,804 59,667 11.6 -0.2
March 59,436 68,213 69,768 14.8 2.3
April 58,297 61,742   5.9  
May 57,870 65,994   14.0  
June 59,431 66,898   12.6  
July 49,690 55,939   12.6  
August 60,188 66,354       10.2  
September 61,166 63,295   3.5  
October 63,985 66,846   4.5  
November 62,894 64,805   3.0  
December 59,104 59,049   -0.1  
Year-to-date 165,362 189,205 190,083 14.4 0.5
Annual 697,987  760,127    8.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March2006 February2007 March2007 Percent Change Feb. 2007 - Mar. 2007 Percent Change March2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 38,440 33,978 39,912 17.5 3.8
Exports 29,772 25,689 29,856 16.2 0.3
Total 68,213 59,667 69,768 16.9 2.3
Truck Imports 24,751 22,141 25,910 17.0 4.7
Exports 23,615 20,290 23,191 14.3 -1.8
Rail Imports 8,068 6,696 8,465 26.4 4.9
Exports 3,556 3,090 4,018 30.1 13.0
Pipeline Imports 4,378 3,968 4,313 8.7 -1.5
Exports 368 285 271 -4.9 -26.4

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/tbdr; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3. March 2007 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with March of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to March in… Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2006 3.8 0.3 2.3
2005 18.7 15.7 17.4
2004 24.6 23.1 24.0
2003 39.1 44.4 41.3
2002 52.4 53.8 53.0
2001 40.0 37.5 38.9
2000 38.3 26.9 33.2
1999 64.4 55.4 60.5
1998 85.1 55.2 71.0
1997 110.4 81.6 97.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March2006 February2007 March2007 Percent Change Feb. 2007 - Mar. 2007 Percent Change March2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 24,644 21,275 25,187 18.4 2.2
Exports 19,359 16.841 19,865 18.0 2.6
Total 44,002 38,116 45,053 18.2 2.4
Truck Imports 13,522 11,709 13,737 17.3 1.6
Exports 15,238 13,281 15,306 15.2 0.4
Rail Imports 5,707 4,692 6,188 31.9 8.4
Exports 2,048 1,657 2,343 41.4 14.4
Pipeline Imports 4,378 3,960 4,282 8.1 -2.2
Exports 310 254 222 -12.4 -28.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/tbdr; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by March 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State March 2007
1 Michigan 7,488
2 Illinois 3,049
3 Ohio 2,975
4 New York 2,972
5 California 2,820
6 Texas 2,124
7 Washington 1,701
8 Pennsylvania 1,688
9 Indiana 1,646
10 Tennessee 1,395

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March2006 February2007 March2007 Percent Change Feb. 2007 - Mar. 2007 Percent Change March2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 13,796 12,703 14,724 15.9 6.7
Exports 10,414 8,848 9,991 12.9 -4.1
Total 24,210 21,551 24,715 14.7 2.1
Truck Imports 11,229 10,432 12,173 16.7 8.4
Exports 8,376 7,009 7,885 12.5 -5.9
Rail Imports 2,361 2,005 2,277 13.6 -3.5
Exports 1,508 1,433 1,676 17.0 11.1
Pipeline Imports 0 8 31 312.5 NA
Exports 58 31 49 56.1 -15.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/tbdr; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. NA - not applicable

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by March 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State March 2007
1 Texas 7,473
2 California 4,245
3 Michigan 2,607
4 Arizona 1,022
5 Illinois 881
6 Ohio 599
7 Tennessee 571
8 Indiana 477
9 New York 442
10 North Carolina 439

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/