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May Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 5.2 Percent from May 2006

May Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 5.2 Percent from May 2006

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 36-07
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, July 31, 2007 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 5.2 percent higher in May 2007 than in May 2006, reaching $69.4 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 6.8 percent in May from April (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in May was up 43.1 percent compared to May 2002, and up 94.5 percent compared to May 1997, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in May were up 100.6 percent compared to May 1997, while exports were up 87.2 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $44.3 billion in May, up 3.2 percent compared to May 2006 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 2.2 percent lower in May 2007 than May 2006, while the value of exports carried by truck was 2.6 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in May with $6.9 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $25.1 billion in May, up 8.9 percent compared to May 2006 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 10.5 percent higher in May 2007 than May 2006 while the value of exports carried by truck was 2.9 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in May with $7.8 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. May TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of July 12.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release June TransBorder numbers on Aug. 30.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2005 2006 2007 Percent Change      2005-2006 Percent Change      2006-2007
January 52,334 61,189 60,649 16.9 -0.9
February 53,592 59,804 59,667 11.6 -0.2
March 59,436 68,213 69,768 14.8 2.3
April 58,297 61,742 65,015 5.9 5.3
May 57,870 65,994 69,423 14.0 5.2
June 59,431 66,898   12.6  
July 49,690 55,939   12.6  
August 60,188 66,354       10.2  
September 61,166 63,295   3.5  
October 63,985 66,846   4.5  
November 62,894 64,805   3.0  
December 59,104 59,049   -0.1  
Year-to-date 281,529 316,942 324,522 12.6 2.4
Annual 697,987  760,127    8.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2006 April 2007 May 2007 Percent Change Apr. 2007 - May 2007 Percent Change May 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 37,257 36,912 38,917 5.4 4.5
Exports 28,737 28,103 30,507 8.6 6.2
Total 65,994 65,015 69,423 6.8 5.2
Truck Imports 24,377 23,492 25,207 7.3 3.4
Exports 22,861 21,790 23,483 7.8 2.7
Rail Imports 7,440 7,551 7,866 4.2 5.7
Exports 3,599 3,775 4,118 9.1 14.4
Pipeline Imports 4,367 4,418 4,400 -0.4 0.8
Exports 260 410 499 21.8 91.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/tbdr; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3. May 2007 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with May of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to May in… Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2006 4.5 6.2 5.2
2005 19.7 20.3 20.0
2004 28.9 32.9 30.6
2003 40.3 44.7 42.2
2002 41.2 45.6 43.1
2001 37.1 43.8 39.9
2000 41.8 41.2 41.5
1999 70.4 65.9 68.4
1998 89.6 72.3 81.6
1997 100.6 87.2 94.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2006 April 2007 May 2007 Percent Change Apr. 2007 - May 2007 Percent Change May 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 24,201 23,776 24,344 2.4 0.6
Exports 18,712 18,546 19,941 7.5 6.6
Total 42,914 42,322 44,285 4.6 3.2
Truck Imports 13,590 12,761 13,290 4.1 -2.2
Exports 14,746 14,307 15,135 5.8 2.6
Rail Imports 5,383 5,436 5,542 1.9 2.9
Exports 2,136 2,188 2,365 8.1 10.7
Pipeline Imports 4,367 4,408 4,386 -0.5 0.5
Exports 193 361 455 25.9 135.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Freight Data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/tbdr; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by May 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State May 2007
1 Michigan 6,935
2 Illinois 3,015
3 New York 2,892
4 Ohio 2,758
5 California 2,717
6 Texas 2,201
7 Washington 1,902
8 Pennsylvania 1,633
9 Indiana 1,631
10 Minnesota 1,335

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   May 2006 April 2007 May 2007 Percent Change Apr. 2007 - May 2007 Percent Change May 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 13,056 13,136 14,572 10.9 11.6
Exports 10,024 9,557 10,566 10.6 5.4
Total 23,080 22,693 25,138 10.8 8.9
Truck Imports 10,788 10,730 11,917 11.1 10.5
Exports 8,115 7,482 8,348 11.6 2.9
Rail Imports 2,056 2,115 2,325 9.9 13.0
Exports 1,464 1,587 1,753 10.5 19.8
Pipeline Imports 0 10 13 34.0 NA
Exports 67 49 44 -8.7 -33.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/tbdr; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. NA - not applicable

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by May 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State May 2007
1 Texas 7,846
2 California 4,029
3 Michigan 2,732
4 Arizona 972
5 Illinois 890
6 Ohio 597
7 Tennessee 573
8 Indiana 531
9 Wisconsin 486
10 Pennsylvania 481

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/