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August Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 4.2 Percent from August 2006

August Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 4.2 Percent from August 2006

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 50-07
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Wednesday, October 31, 2007 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 4.2 percent higher in August 2007 than in August 2006, reaching $69.2 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 11.9 percent in August from July (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in August was up 48.0 percent compared to August 2002, and up 96.2 percent compared to August 1997, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in August were up 109.4 percent compared to August 1997, while exports were up 81.1 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $43.1 billion in August, up 2.0 percent compared to August 2006 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 3.7 percent lower in August 2007 than August 2006, while the value of exports carried by truck was 3.8 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in August with $6.5 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $26.1 billion in August, up 8.1 percent compared to August 2006 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 8.9 percent higher in August 2007 than August 2006 while the value of exports carried by truck was 2.5 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in August with $8.0 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. August TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Oct. 11.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release September TransBorder numbers on Nov. 29.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2005 2006 2007 Percent Change 2005-2006 Percent Change 2006-2007
January 52,334 61,189 60,649 16.9 -0.9
February 53,592 59,804 59,667 11.6 -0.2
March 59,436 68,213 69,768 14.8 2.3
April 58,297 61,742 65,015 5.9 5.3
May 57,870 65,994 69,423 14.0 5.2
June 59,431 66,898 69,526 12.6 3.9
July 49,690 55,939 61,823 12.6 10.5
August 60,188 66,354 69,158 10.2 4.2
September 61,166 63,295   3.5  
October 63,985 66,846   4.5  
November 62,894 64,805   3.0  
December 59,104 59,049   -0.1  
Year-to-date 450,838 506,132 525,028 12.3 3.7
Annual 697,987  760,127    8.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2006 July 2007 August 2007 Percent Change July 2007-August 2007 Percent Change August 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 37,736 35,138 39,356 12.0 4.3
Exports 28,618 26,685 29,802 11.7 4.1
Total 66,354 61,823 69,158 11.9 4.2
Truck Imports 24,142 21,979 24,681 12.3 2.2
Exports 22,631 20,611 23,377 13.4 3.3
Rail Imports 7,605 6,914 8,419 21.8 10.7
Exports 3,514 3,227 3,663 13.5 4.2
Pipeline Imports 4,881 4,753 4,733 -0.4 -3.0
Exports 175 288 189 -34.2 8.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. August 2007 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with August of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to August in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2006 4.3 4.1 4.2
2005 14.1 16.0 14.9
2004 26.0 33.4 29.1
2003 51.6 56.3 53.6
2002 47.1 49.1 48.0
2001 47.3 46.0 46.7
2000 39.6 34.8 37.5
1999 62.0 59.0 60.7
1998 100.0 85.0 93.3
1997 109.4 81.1 96.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2006 July 2007 August 2007 Percent Change July 2007 - August 2007 Percent Change August 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 23,924 22,118 24,029 8.6 0.4
Exports 18,299 16,986 19,049 12.1 4.1
Total 42,223 39,104 43,078 10.2 2.0
Truck Imports 12,730 11,327 12,255 8.2 -3.7
Exports 14,269 12,867 14,809 15.1 3.8
Rail Imports 5,438 4,836 5,801 19.9 6.7
Exports 2,041 1,824 2,019 10.7 -1.1
Pipeline Imports 4,872 4,738 4,722 -0.4 -3.1
Exports 114 245 139 -43.3 21.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by August 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State August 2007
1 Michigan 6,520
2 Illinois 3,241
3 Ohio 2,908
4 New York 2,850
5 California 2,846
6 Texas 2,233
7 Washington 1,744
8 Pennsylvania 1,498
9 Minnesota 1,390
10 Indiana 1,360

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2006 July 2007 August 2007 Percent Change July 2007-August 2007 Percent Change August 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 13,812 13,020 15,326 17.7 11.0
Exports 10,319 9,700 10,753 10.9 4.2
Total 24,132 22,719 26,079 14.8 8.1
Truck Imports 11,412 10,652 12,426 16.7 8.9
Exports 8,362 7,744 8,568 10.6 2.5
Rail Imports 2,167 2,077 2,618 26.0 20.9
Exports 1,473 1,404 1,643 17.1 11.6
Pipeline Imports 9 15 12 -21.9 28.1
Exports 61 43 51 17.1 -17.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by August 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State August 2007
1 Texas 8,043
2 California 4,419
3 Michigan 3,100
4 Illinois 918
5 Arizona 764
6 Ohio 585
7 Tennessee 538
8 North Carolina 522
9 New York 501
10 Indiana 501

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/