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September Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 5.5 Percent from September 2006

September Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 5.5 Percent from September 2006

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 55-07
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, November 29, 2007 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 5.5 percent higher in September 2007 than in September 2006, reaching $66.8 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico fell 3.5 percent in September from August (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in September was up 45.8 percent compared to September 2002, and up 78.4 percent compared to September 1997, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in September were up 88.8 percent compared to September 1997, while exports were up 66.6 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.-Canada surface transportation trade totaled $42.7 billion in September, up 5.6 percent compared to September 2006 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 0.5 percent lower in September 2007 than September 2006, while the value of exports carried by truck was 8.5 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in September with $6.6 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. - Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $24.1 billion in September, up 5.4 percent compared to September 2006 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 5.6 percent higher in September 2007 than September 2006 while the value of exports carried by truck was 0.8 percent lower.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in September with $7.5 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. September TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Nov. 9.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release October TransBorder numbers on Jan. 7, 2008.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2005 2006 2007 Percent Change 2005-2006 Percent Change 2006-2007
January 52,334 61,189 60,649 16.9 -0.9
February 53,592 59,804 59,667 11.6 -0.2
March 59,436 68,213 69,768 14.8 2.3
April 58,297 61,742 65,015 5.9 5.3
May 57,870 65,994 69,423 14.0 5.2
June 59,431 66,898 69,526 12.6 3.9
July 49,690 55,939 61,823 12.6 10.5
August 60,188 66,354 69,158 10.2 4.2
September 61,166 63,295 66,771 3.5 5.5
October 63,985 66,846   4.5  
November 62,894 64,805   3.0  
December 59,104 59,049   -0.1  
Year-to-date 512,004 569,427 591,799 11.2 3.9
Annual 697,987  760,127    8.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   September 2006 August 2007 September 2007 Percent Change Aug. 2007-Sept. 2007 Percent Change September 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 36,232 39,356 37,574 -4.5 3.7
Exports 27,063 29,802 29,197 -2.0 7.9
Total 63,295 69,158 66,771 -3.5 5.5
Truck Imports 23,439 24,681 23,977 -2.9 2.3
Exports 21,410 23,377 22,524 -3.6 5.2
Rail Imports 7,131 8,419 8,299 -1.4 16.4
Exports 3,297 3,663 3,990 8.9 21.0
Pipeline Imports 4,192 4,733 4,125 -12.9 -1.6
Exports 195 189 391 106.7 100.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. September 2007 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with September of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to September in. Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2006 3.7 7.9 5.5
2005 5.9 13.7 9.2
2004 19.4 24.5 21.6
2003 33.7 40.6 36.6
2002 43.5 49.0 45.8
2001 53.5 62.2 57.2
2000 34.2 37.9 35.8
1999 55.0 52.6 54.0
1998 74.9 64.0 70.0
1997 88.8 66.6 78.4

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   September 2006 August 2007 September 2007 Percent Change Aug. 2007-Sept. 2007 Percent Change September 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 22,916 24,029 23,300 -3.0 1.7
Exports 17,488 19,049 19,354 1.6 10.7
Total 40,404 43,078 42,654 -1.0 5.6
Truck Imports 12,674 12,255 12,610 2.9 -0.5
Exports 13,789 14,809 14,961 1.0 8.5
Rail Imports 4,832 5,801 5,702 -1.7 18.0
Exports 1,885 2,019 2,278 12.8 20.9
Pipeline Imports 4,180 4,722 4,113 -12.9 -1.6
Exports 140 139 325 134.0 132.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by September 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State September 2007
1 Michigan 6,620
2 Illinois 3,274
3 New York 2,973
4 Ohio 2,728
5 California 2,642
6 Texas 2,178
7 Pennsylvania 1,547
8 Indiana 1,460
9 Washington 1,447
10 Tennessee 1,308

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   September 2006 August 2007 September 2007 Percent Change Aug. 2007-Sept. 2007 Percent Change September 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 13,316 15,326 14,274 -6.9 7.2
Exports 9,574 10,753 9,843 -8.5 2.8
Total 22,890 26,079 24,118 -7.5 5.4
Truck Imports 10,765 12,426 11,367 -8.5 5.6
Exports 7,621 8,568 7,563 -11.7 -0.8
Rail Imports 2,299 2,618 2,597 -0.8 13.0
Exports 1,412 1,643 1,712 4.1 21.2
Pipeline Imports 12 12 12 -0.1 -4.4
Exports 56 51 67 31.7 19.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by September 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State September 2007
1 Texas 7,451
2 California 4,071
3 Michigan 2,922
4 Illinois 808
5 Arizona 656
6 Ohio 585
7 Tennessee 516
8 North Carolina 482
9 Pennsylvania 437
10 New York 409

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/