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Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Reached a Monthly Record High in October 2007

Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Reached a Monthly Record High in October 2007

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 1-08
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Monday, January 7, 2008 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 11.1 percent higher in October 2007 than in October 2006, reaching $74.2 billion, the highest monthly level ever recorded, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that the value of North American surface trade in October topped the previous monthly high of $69.8 billion in March 2007 by 6.4 percent.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 11.2 percent in October from September (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in October was up 49.6 percent compared to October 2002, and up 87.1 percent compared to October 1997, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in October were up 100.7 percent compared to October 1997, while exports were up 72.0 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $47.7 billion in October, up 14.1 percent compared to October 2006 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 6.1 percent higher in October 2007 than October 2006, while the value of exports carried by truck was 17.8 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in October with $7.6 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $26.6 billion in October, up 6.0 percent compared to October 2006 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 10.6 percent higher in October 2007 than October 2006 while the value of exports carried by truck was 3.1 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in October with $8.2 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. October TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Dec. 13.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release November TransBorder numbers on Jan. 31.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2005 2006 2007 Percent Change 2005-2006 Percent Change 2006-2007
January 52,334 61,189 60,649 16.9 -0.9
February 53,592 59,804 59,667 11.6 -0.2
March 59,436 68,213 69,768 14.8 2.3
April 58,297 61,742 65,015 5.9 5.3
May 57,870 65,994 69,423 14.0 5.2
June 59,431 66,898 69,526 12.6 3.9
July 49,690 55,939 61,823 12.6 10.5
August 60,188 66,354 69,158 10.2 4.2
September 61,166 63,295 66,771 3.5 5.5
October 63,985 66,846 74,249 4.5 11.1
November 62,894 64,805   3.0  
December 59,104 59,049   -0.1  
Year-to-date 575,989 636,273 666,049 10.5 4.7
Annual 697,987  760,127    8.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2006 September 2007 October 2007 Percent Change Sept. 2007 Oct. 2007 Percent Change October 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 37,943 37,574 41,974 11.7% 10.6%
Exports 28,902 29,197 32,275 10.5% 11.7%
Total 66,846 66,771 74,249 11.2% 11.1%
Truck Imports 25,010 23,977 27,065 12.9% 8.2%
Exports 22,530 22,524 25,310 12.4% 12.3%
Rail Imports 7,328 8,299 8,199 -1.2% 11.9%
Exports 3,550 3,990 4,169 4.5% 17.4%
Pipeline Imports 4,392 4,125 5,130 24.4% 16.8%
Exports 257 391 151 -61.3% -41.1%

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. October 2007 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with October of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to October in… Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2006 10.6 11.7 11.1
2005 12.8 20.5 16.0
2004 28.8 32.9 30.5
2003 40.6 43.4 41.8
2002 48.9 50.4 49.6
2001 56.7 54.8 55.8
2000 43.3 44.0 43.6
1999 67.3 57.5 62.9
1998 84.1 72.1 78.7
1997 100.7 72.0 87.1

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2006 September 2007 October 2007 Percent Change Sept. 2007 Oct. 2007 Percent Change October 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 23,685 23,300 26,309 12.9% 11.1%
Exports 18,100 19,354 21,375 10.4% 18.1%
Total 41,785 42,654 47,684 11.8% 14.1%
Truck Imports 13,383 12,610 14,206 12.7% 6.1%
Exports 14,165 14,961 16,683 11.5% 17.8%
Rail Imports 4,943 5,702 5,698 -0.1% 15.3%
Exports 1,977 2,278 2,368 3.9% 19.7%
Pipeline Imports 4,381 4,113 5,117 24.4% 16.8%
Exports 199 325 108 -66.7% -45.6%

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by October 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State October 2007
1 Michigan 7,568
2 Illinois 3,707
3 California 3,195
4 New York 3,124
5 Ohio 3,116
6 Texas 2,260
7 Washington 1,851
8 Pennsylvania 1,754
9 Indiana 1,651
10 Tennessee 1,385

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2006 September 2007 October 2007 Percent Change Sept. 2007 Oct. 2007 Percent Change October 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 14,258 14,274 15,665 9.7 9.9
Exports 10,802 9,843 10,901 10.7 0.9
Total 25,061 24,118 26,565 10.1 6.0
Truck Imports 11,626 11,367 12,859 13.1 10.6
Exports 8,364 7,563 8,626 14.1 3.1
Rail Imports 2,385 2,597 2,501 -3.7 4.9
Exports 1,573 1,712 1,802 5.3 14.6
Pipeline Imports 12 12 13 9.1 5.5
Exports 58 67 43 -35.0 -25.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by October 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State October 2007
1 Texas 8,241
2 California 4,850
3 Michigan 2,830
4 Illinois 928
5 Arizona 838
6 Ohio 663
7 Tennessee 586
8 Pennsylvania 486
9 North Carolina 484
10 New York 454

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/