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Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 8.6 Percent from November 2006

Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 8.6 Percent from November 2006

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 6-08
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, January 31, 2008 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 8.6 percent higher in November 2007 than in November 2006, reaching $70.4 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico fell 5.2 percent in November from October (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in November was up 51.9 percent compared to November 2002, and up 91.3 percent compared to November 1997, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in November were up 103.1 percent compared to November 1997, while exports were up 78.0 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $45.2 billion in November, up 11.5 percent compared to November 2006 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 4.9 percent higher in November 2007 than November 2006, while the value of exports carried by truck was 15.1 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in November with $7.3 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $25.1 billion in November, up 3.6 percent compared to November 2006 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 7.6 percent higher in November 2007 than November 2006 while the value of exports carried by truck was 1.6 percent lower.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in November with $7.7 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. November TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Jan. 11.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release December TransBorder numbers on March 3.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2005 2006 2007 Percent Change 2005-2006 Percent Change 2006-2007
January 52,334 61,189 60,649 16.9 -0.9
February 53,592 59,804 59,667 11.6 -0.2
March 59,436 68,213 69,768 14.8 2.3
April 58,297 61,742 65,015 5.9 5.3
May 57,870 65,994 69,423 14.0 5.2
June 59,431 66,898 69,526 12.6 3.9
July 49,690 55,939 61,823 12.6 10.5
August 60,188 66,354 69,158 10.2 4.2
September 61,166 63,295 66,771 3.5 5.5
October 63,985 66,846 74,249 4.5 11.1
November 62,894 64,805 70,352 3.0 8.6
December 59,104 59,049   -0.1  
11-month total 638,882 701,078 736,401 9.7 5.0
Annual 697,987  760,127    8.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   November2006 October2007 November2007 Percent Change Oct. 2007-Nov. 2007 Percent Change November2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 36,794 41,974 39,660 -5.5 7.8
Exports 28,011 32,275 30,693 -4.9 9.6
Total 64,805 74,249 70,352 -5.2 8.6
Truck Imports 23,817 27,065 25,293 -6.5 6.2
Exports 21,774 25,310 23,734 -6.2 9.0
Rail Imports 7,653 8,199 8,210 0.1 7.3
Exports 3,686 4,169 4,278 2.6 16.1
Pipeline Imports 4,184 5,130 4,684 -8.7 11.9
Exports 247 151 259 71.1 4.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. November 2007 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with November of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to November in Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2006 7.8 9.6 8.6
2005 9.0 15.8 11.9
2004 23.9 27.2 25.3
2003 45.1 45.4 45.2
2002 51.3 52.6 51.9
2001 58.0 59.0 58.4
2000 40.8 42.0 41.3
1999 56.5 49.6 53.4
1998 84.5 70.7 78.2
1997 103.1 78.0 91.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   November2006 October2007 November2007 Percent Change Oct. 2007-Nov. 2007 Percent Change November2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 22,828 26,309 24,798 -5.7 8.6
Exports 17,709 21,375 20,405 -4.5 15.2
Total 40,537 47,684 45,204 -5.2 11.5
Truck Imports 12,479 14,206 13,090 -7.9 4.9
Exports 13,852 16,683 15,939 -4.5 15.1
Rail Imports 5,288 5,698 5,898 3.5 11.5
Exports 1,937 2,368 2,341 -1.1 20.9
Pipeline Imports 4,176 5,117 4,668 -8.8 11.8
Exports 192 108 179 65.8 -6.4

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by November 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State November 2007
1 Michigan 7,286
2 Illinois 3,932
3 New York 2,992
4 California 2,938
5 Ohio 2,923
6 Texas 2,145
7 Washington 1,620
8 Pennsylvania 1,599
9 Indiana 1,445
10 Minnesota 1,346

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   November2006 October2007 November2007 Percent Change Oct. 2007-Nov. 2007 Percent Change November2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 13,966 15,665 14,861 -5.1 6.4
Exports 10,302 10,901 10,287 -5.6 -0.1
Total 24,268 26,565 25,149 -5.3 3.6
Truck Imports 11,338 12,859 12,203 -5.1 7.6
Exports 7,922 8,626 7,795 -9.6 -1.6
Rail Imports 2,365 2,501 2,312 -7.6 -2.3
Exports 1,749 1,802 1,937 7.5 10.8
Pipeline Imports 8 13 16 28.7 104.6
Exports 56 43 80 84.1 43.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by November 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State November 2007
1 Texas 7,681
2 California 4,640
3 Michigan 2,856
4 Illinois 871
5 Arizona 835
6 Ohio 644
7 Tennessee 542
8 North Carolina 497
9 Pennsylvania 443
10 Indiana 429

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/