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Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 3.1 Percent from December 2006

Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 3.1 Percent from December 2006

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 10-08
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Monday, March 3, 2008 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 3.1 percent higher in December 2007 than in December 2006, reaching $60.9 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico fell 13.4 percent in December from November (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in December was up 49.3 percent compared to December 2002, and up 73.5 percent compared to December 1997, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in December were up 82.0 percent compared to December 1997, while exports were up 63.6 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $39.6 billion in December, up 3.7 percent compared to December 2006 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 6.7 percent lower in December 2007 than December 2006, while the value of exports carried by truck was 5.0 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in December with $5.7 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $21.3 billion in December, up 2.1 percent compared to December 2006 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 6.9 percent higher in December 2007 than December 2006 while the value of exports carried by truck was 3.3 percent lower.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in December with $6.5 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. December TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Feb. 14.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release annual TransBorder numbers on March 11 and January TransBorder numbers on March 31.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2005 2006 2007 Percent Change 2005-2006 Percent Change 2006-2007
January 52,334 61,189 60,649 16.9 -0.9
February 53,592 59,804 59,667 11.6 -0.2
March 59,436 68,213 69,768 14.8 2.3
April 58,297 61,742 65,015 5.9 5.3
May 57,870 65,994 69,423 14.0 5.2
June 59,431 66,898 69,526 12.6 3.9
July 49,690 55,939 61,823 12.6 10.5
August 60,188 66,354 69,158 10.2 4.2
September 61,166 63,295 66,771 3.5 5.5
October 63,985 66,846 74,249 4.5 11.1
November 62,894 64,805 70,352 3.0 8.6
December 59,104 59,049 60,902 -0.1 3.1
Annual 697,987  760,127 797,303  8.9 4.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   December 2006 November 2007 December 2007 Percent Change Nov. 2007-Dec. 2007 Percent Change December 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 33,910 39,660 34,497 -13.0 1.7
Exports 25,139 30,693 26,405 -14.0 5.0
Total 59,049 70,352 60,902 -13.4 3.1
Truck Imports 21,009 25,293 20,892 -17.4 -0.6
Exports 19,360 23,734 19,775 -16.7 2.1
Rail Imports 7,680 8,210 7,137 -13.1 -7.1
Exports 3,385 4,278 3,836 -10.3 13.3
Pipeline Imports 3,988 4,684 5,116 9.2 28.3
Exports 327 259 466 80.1 42.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. December 2007 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with December of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to December in Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2006 1.7 5.0 3.1
2005 -0.1 7.4 3.0
2004 16.3 17.9 17.0
2003 33.0 35.5 34.1
2002 46.2 53.6 49.3
2001 58.3 60.5 59.2
2000 34.6 37.9 36.1
1999 47.6 36.0 42.3
1998 69.3 57.2 63.8
1997 82.0 63.6 73.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   December 2006 November 2007 December 2007 Percent Change Nov. 2007-Dec. 2007 Percent Change December 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 21,748 24,798 21,903 -11.7 0.7
Exports 16,439 20,405 17,707 -13.2 7.7
Total 38,187 45,204 39,610 -12.4 3.7
Truck Imports 11,465 13,090 10,694 -18.3 -6.7
Exports 12,672 15,939 13,312 -16.5 5.0
Rail Imports 5,314 5,898 5,060 -14.2 -4.8
Exports 1,924 2,341 2,296 -1.9 19.4
Pipeline Imports 3,978 4,668 5,099 9.2 28.2
Exports 259 179 277 54.7 7.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by December 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State December 2007
1 Michigan 5,664
2 Illinois 3,398
3 Ohio 2,520
4 New York 2,437
5 California 2,341
6 Texas 2,035
7 Washington 1,678
8 Pennsylvania 1,594
9 Minnesota 1,372
10 Indiana 1,121

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Surface Trade with Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   December 2006 November 2007 December 2007 Percent Change Nov. 2007-Dec. 2007 Percent Change December 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 12,162 14,861 12,593 -15.3 3.5
Exports 8,700 10,287 8,698 -15.4 -0.0
Total 20,862 25,149 21,292 -15.3 2.1
Truck Imports 9,544 12,203 10,198 -16.4 6.9
Exports 6,687 7,795 6,463 -17.1 -3.3
Rail Imports 2,366 2,312 2,077 -10.2 -12.2
Exports 1,461 1,937 1,540 -20.5 5.4
Pipeline Imports 10 16 17 7.1 78.7
Exports 68 80 189 137.4 176.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by December 2007 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State December 2007
1 Texas 6,503
2 California 3,756
3 Michigan 2,188
4 Illinois 770
5 Arizona 770
6 Ohio 553
7 Tennessee 519
8 North Carolina 447
9 Pennsylvania 376
10 New York 327

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/