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2007 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 4.9 Percent from 2006

2007 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 4.9 Percent from 2006

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 11-08
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, March 11, 2008 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 4.9 percent higher in 2007 than in 2006, reaching an annual record of $797 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). The 4.9 percent rate of growth from 2006 to 2007 is lower than the 8.9 percent growth from 2005 to 2006 (Table 2).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that freight valued at $137.0 billion entered the U.S. from Mexico by truck in 2007 while $93.0 billion of freight was exported to Mexico by truck (Table 6).

Freight valued at $150.4 billion entered the U.S. from Canada by truck in 2007 while $174.3 billion of freight was exported to Canada by truck (Table 4).

Total North American surface transportation imports rose 4.2 percent in 2007 from 2006, and exports rose 5.8 percent during the same time period (Table 2).

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. merchandise trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

Total North American surface transportation trade value in 2007 was up 47.4 percent compared to 2002, and up 87.2 percent compared to 1997, a period of 10 years (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $511 billion in 2007, up 4.6 percent compared to 2006 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 0.4 percent higher in 2007 than 2006 while the value of exports carried by truck was 6.1 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in 2007 with $77 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S. Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $286 billion in 2007, up 5.3 percent compared to 2006 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 8.4 percent higher in 2007 than 2006 while the value of exports carried by truck was 0.1 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in 2007 with $87.8 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are tabulated for BTS by the U.S. Census Bureaus Foreign Trade Division. TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Feb. 14.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/.

Table 1. Value of Annual U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared to 2007

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Year Amount Percent Change vs. 2007
1997 425,977 87.2
1998 451,736 76.5
1999 501,250 59.1
2000 575,713 38.5
2001 547,312 45.7
2002 540,795 47.4
2003 562,776 41.7
2004 633,563 25.8
2005 697,987 14.2
2006 760,127 4.9
2007 797,303  

Source: BTS TransBorder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2005 2006 2007 Percent Change 2005-2006 Percent Change 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 400,803 434,094 452,486 8.3 4.2
Exports 297,184 326,032 344,817 9.7 5.8
Total 697,987 760,127 797,303 8.9 4.9
Truck Imports 255,963 276,348 287,441 8.0 4.0
Exports 234,563 257,310 267,390 9.7 3.9
Rail Imports 81,388 89,122 93,022 9.5 4.4
Exports 35,070 39,749 44,837 13.3 12.8
Pipeline Imports 48,766 53,921 55,184 10.6 2.3
Exports 2,937 2,887 4,122 -1.7 42.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Transborder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3: 2007 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with Prior Years

Excel | CSV

2007 Compared to Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2006 4.2 5.8 4.9
2005 12.9 16.0 14.2
2004 24.2 28.1 25.8
2003 40.4 43.4 41.7
2002 46.3 48.9 47.4
2001 44.7 47.0 45.7
2000 39.8 36.8 38.5
1999 62.3 55.0 59.1
1998 85.6 65.8 76.5
1997 98.6 74.0 87.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2005 2006 2007 Percent Change 2005-2006 Percent Change 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 265,402 278,889 284,773 5.1 2.1
Exports 192,907 209,283 226,058 8.5 8.0
Total 458,310 488,172 510,831 6.5 4.6
Truck Imports 143,696 149,884 150,404 4.3 0.4
Exports 151,222 164,318 174,343 8.7 6.1
Rail Imports 60,606 63,258 65,962 4.4 4.3
Exports 19,322 22,478 25,497 16.3 13.4
Pipeline Imports 48,766 53,865 55,016 10.5 2.1
Exports 2,394 2,180 3,334 -8.9 53.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation, in 2007 Ranked by Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State 2007
1  Michigan 77,020
2  Illinois 39,319
3  New York 33,978
4  Ohio 32,908
5  California 32,177
6  Texas 25,665
7  Washington 20,834
8  Pennsylvania 18,664
9  Indiana 17,117
10  Minnesota 14,986

Source: BTS TransBorder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2005 2006 2007 Percent Change 2005-2006 Percent Change 2006-2007
All Surface Modes Imports 135,400 155,205 167,713 14.6 8.1
Exports 104,277 116,749 118,758 12.0 1.7
Total 239,677 271,954 286,472 13.5 5.3
Truck Imports 112,268 126,464 137,037 12.6 8.4
Exports 83,341 92,992 93,047 11.6 0.1
Rail Imports 20,782 25,864 27,060 24.5 4.6
Exports 15,748 17,271 19,340 9.7 12.0
Pipeline Imports 0 55 169 NA 204.5
Exports 543 707 787 30.2 11.4

Source: BTS TransBorder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the TransBorder Surface Freight data "Sources and Reliability" statement: http://www.bts.gov/ntda/tbscd/srfin.html; Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.NA not applicable

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation in 2007, Ranked by Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State 2007
1 Texas 87,782
2 California 49,198
3 Michigan 30,783
4 Arizona 10,177
5 Illinois 10,133
6 Ohio 6,911
7 Tennessee 6,487
8 North Carolina 5,448
9 New York 5,229
10 Pennsylvania 5,196

Source: BTS TransBorder Surface Freight Dataset, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/