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February 2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 16.3 Percent from February 2007

February 2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 16.3 Percent from February 2007

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 20-08
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Wednesday, April 30, 2008 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, Canada and Mexico , was 16.3 percent higher in February 2008 than in February 2007, reaching $69.4 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 6.5 percent in February from January (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in February was up 58.3 percent compared to February 2003, and up 89.5 percent compared to February 1998, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in February were up 104.8 percent compared to February 1998, while exports were up 72.5 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $45.0 billion in February, up 18.1 percent compared to February 2007 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 7.1 percent higher in February 2008 than February 2007, while the value of exports carried by truck was 10.2 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in February with $6.5 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $24.4 billion in February, up 13.3 percent compared to February 2007 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 10.0 percent higher in February 2008 than February 2007 while the value of exports carried by truck was 12.5 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in February with $7.6 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. February TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of April 10.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. Additional information on TransBorder Freight Data as well as data from previous months is available on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release March TransBorder numbers on May 29.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2006 2007 2008 Percent Change 2006-2007 Percent Change 2007-2008
January 61,189 60,649 65,160 -0.9 7.4
February 59,804 59,667 69,406 -0.2 16.3
March 68,213 69,768   2.3  
April 61,742 65,015   5.3  
May 65,994 69,423   5.2  
June 66,898 69,526   3.9  
July 55,939 61,823   10.5  
August 66,354 69,158   4.2  
September 63,295 66,771   5.5  
October 66,846 74,249   11.1  
November 64,805 70,352   8.6  
December 59,049 60,902   3.1  
2-month total 120,993 120,316 134,566 -0.6 11.8
Annual  760,127 797,303   4.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   February 2007 January 2008 February 2008 Percent Change Jan. 2008-Feb. 2008 Percent Change February 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 33,978 36,648 39,533 7.9 16.3
Exports 25,689 28,512 29,874 4.8 16.3
Total 59,667 65,160 69,406 6.5 16.3
Truck Imports 22,141 22,495 24,013 6.7 8.5
Exports 20,290 21,887 22,522 2.9 11.0
Rail Imports 6,696 6,630 7,524 13.5 12.4
Exports 3,090 3,827 4,257 11.2 37.8
Pipeline Imports 3,968 6,006 6,738 12.2 69.8
Exports 285 418 354 -15.4 24.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. February 2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with February of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to February in… Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2007 16.3 16.3 16.3
2006 14.2 18.5 16.1
2005 28.2 31.3 29.5
2004 42.0 47.0 44.1
2003 55.5 62.3 58.3
2002 64.8 68.6 66.4
2001 56.0 53.4 54.8
2000 55.9 45.4 51.2
1999 84.6 74.2 80.0
1998 104.8 72.5 89.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   February 2007 January 2008 February 2008 Percent Change Jan. 2008-Feb. 2008 Percent Change February 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 21,275 23,752 25,600 7.8 20.3
Exports 16.841 18,290 19,398 6.1 15.2
Total 38,116 42,043 44,998 7.0 18.1
Truck Imports 11,709 11,584 12,536 8.2 7.1
Exports 13,281 13,922 14,636 5.1 10.2
Rail Imports 4,692 4,947 5,364 8.4 14.3
Exports 1,657 2,069 2,438 17.8 47.1
Pipeline Imports 3,960 5,984 6,724 12.4 69.8
Exports 254 353 273 -22.8 7.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation Ranked by February 2008 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State February 2008
1 Michigan 6,469
2 Illinois 4,086
3 New York 3,290
4 Ohio 2,743
5 California 2,522
6 Washington 2,256
7 Texas 2,138
8 Pennsylvania 1,669
9 Minnesota 1,477
10 Indiana 1,395

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Surface Trade with Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   February 2007 January 2008 February 2008 Percent Change Jan. 2008-Feb. 2008 Percent Change February 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 12,703 12,895 13,933 8.0 9.7
Exports 8,848 10,222 10,476 2.5 18.4
Total 21,551 23,117 24,409 5.6 13.3
Truck Imports 10,432 10,911 11,477 5.2 10.0
Exports 7,009 7,965 7,886 -1.0 12.5
Rail Imports 2,005 1,683 2,159 28.3 7.7
Exports 1,433 1,757 1,819 3.5 26.9
Pipeline Imports 8 22 14 -36.2 87.4
Exports 31 65 81 24.8 158.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation Ranked by February 2008 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State February 2008
1 Texas 7,632
2 California 3,899
3 Michigan 2,661
4 Arizona 983
5 Illinois 831
6 Ohio 653
7 Tennessee 494
8 North Carolina 490
9 Georgia 434
10 Indiana 400

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/