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Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 1.5 Percent from March 2007

Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 1.5 Percent from March 2007

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 27-08
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, May 29, 2008 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, Canada and Mexico , was 1.5 percent higher in March 2008 than in March 2007, reaching $70.8 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). 

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 2.0 percent in March from February (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 90 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in March was up 43.4 percent compared to March 2003, and up 73.5 percent compared to March 1998, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in March were up 85.9 percent compared to March 1998, while exports were up 59.6 percent.

Data for exports to Canada by pipeline in March 2008 were unavailable at the time of this release. These exports amounted to $222 million in March 2007 and $273 million in February 2008, less than 1 percent of U.S.-Canada trade in those months (Table 4).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade excluding U.S. pipeline exports to Canada totaled $47.2 billion in March (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 7.3 percent lower in March 2008 than March 2007, while the value of exports carried by truck was 2.2 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in March with $6.3 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $23.6 billion in March, down 4.6 percent compared to March 2007 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 8.8 percent lower in March 2008 than March 2007 while the value of exports carried by truck was 2.3 percent lower.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in March with $7.2 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. March TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of May 9.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release April TransBorder numbers on June 30.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2006 2007 2008 Percent Change 2006-2007 Percent Change 2007-2008
January 61,189 60,649 65,160 -0.9 7.4
February 59,804 59,667 69,406 -0.2 16.3
March 68,213 69,768 70,787 2.3 1.5
April 61,742 65,015   5.3  
May 65,994 69,423   5.2  
June 66,898 69,526   3.9  
July 55,939 61,823   10.5  
August 66,354 69,158   4.2  
September 63,295 66,771   5.5  
October 66,846 74,249   11.1  
November 64,805 70,352   8.6  
December 59,049 60,902   3.1  
3-month total 189,205 190,083 205,353 0.5 8.0
Annual  760,127 797,303   4.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. Canada pipeline export data are currently not available for March 2008.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March 2007 February 2008 March 2008 Percent Change     Feb. 2008-Mar.  2008 Percent Change March 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 39,912 39,533 40,089 1.4 0.4
Exports 29,856 29,874 30,698 2.8 2.8
Total 69,768 69,406 70,787 2.0 1.5
Truck Imports 25,910 24,013 23,835 -0.7 -8.0
Exports 23,191 22,522 23,353 3.7 0.7
Rail Imports 8,465 7,524 8,065 7.2 -4.7
Exports 4,018 4,257 4,281 0.6 6.5
Pipeline Imports 4,313 6,738 6,657 -1.2 54.4
Exports 271 354 NA NA NA

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Canada pipeline export data are currently not available for March 2008. NA = Not Available

Table 3. March 2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with March of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to March in Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2007 0.4 2.8 1.5
2006 4.3 3.1 3.8
2005 19.2 18.9 19.1
2004 25.2 26.6 25.8
2003 39.8 48.5 43.4
2002 53.0 58.2 55.2
2001 40.6 41.4 40.9
2000 39.0 30.5 35.2
1999 65.2 59.8 62.8
1998 85.9 59.6 73.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Canada pipeline export data are currently not available for March 2008.

Table 4. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March 2007 February 2008 March 2008 Percent Change Feb. 2008-Mar. 2008 Percent Change March 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 25,187 25,600 26,465 3.4 5.1
Exports 19,865 19,398 20,750 7.0 4.5
Total 45,053 44,998 47,216 4.9 4.8
Truck Imports 13,737 12,536 12,729 1.5 -7.3
Exports 15,306 14,636 15,645 6.9 2.2
Rail Imports 6,188 5,364 5,854 9.1 -5.4
Exports 2,343 2,438 2,606 6.9 11.3
Pipeline Imports 4,282 6,724 6,642 -1.2 55.1
Exports 222 273 NA NA NA

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Canada pipeline export data are currently not available for March 2008. NA = Not available

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by March 2008 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State March 2008
1 Michigan 6,263
2 Illinois 4,250
3 New York 3,384
4 Ohio 2,847
5 California 2,758
6 Texas 2,514
7 Washington 2,100
8 Pennsylvania 1,875
9 Minnesota 1,628
10 Indiana 1,353

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Canada pipeline export data are currently not available for March 2008.

Table 6. U.S. Surface Trade with Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   March 2007 February 2008 March 2008 Percent Change     Feb. 2008-Mar. 2008 Percent Change March 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 14,724 13,933 13,624 -2.2 -7.5
Exports 9,991 10,476 9,948 -5.0 -0.4
Total 24,715 24,409 23,571 -3.4 -4.6
Truck Imports 12,173 11,477 11,106 -3.2 -8.8
Exports 7,885 7,886 7,707 -2.3 -2.3
Rail Imports 2,277 2,159 2,211 2.4 -2.9
Exports 1,676 1,819 1,675 -7.9 0.0
Pipeline Imports 31 14 15 9.5 -50.3
Exports 49 81 85 3.8 72.1

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by March 2008 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State March 2008
1 Texas 7,223
2 California 3,958
3 Michigan 2,642
4 Arizona 960
5 Illinois 826
6 Ohio 623
7 Tennessee 486
8 North Carolina 472
9 Georgia 432
10 Pennsylvania 395

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/