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April 2008 Passenger Airline Employment Up 1.0 Percent from April 2007

April 2008 Passenger Airline Employment Up 1.0 Percent from April 2007

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BTS 31-08
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, June 17, 2008 - U.S. scheduled passenger airlines employed 1.0 percent more workers in April 2008 than in April 2007, the 15th consecutive increase in full-time equivalent employee (FTE) levels for the scheduled passenger carriers from the same month of the previous year but the smallest year-to-year increase since March 2007, the U.S. Department of Transportations Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) reported today (Table 2). FTE calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

The seven network carriers except American Airlines added FTEs from April 2007 to April 2008 (Table 9). All of the currently reporting low-cost carriers (Table 12) and regional carriers American Eagle Airlines, SkyWest Airlines, Horizon Air, Pinnacle Airlines, Mesaba Airlines, Executive Airlines, Air Wisconsin Airlines, Shuttle America and GoJet Airlines (Table 15) increased their FTEs compared to last year.

Scheduled passenger airlines include network, low-cost, regional and other airlines. Many regional carriers were not required to report employment numbers before 2003, so year-to-year comparisons involving regional carriers, or the total industry, are not available for the years before 2003.

The seven network carriers employed 283,684 FTEs in April, 68.5 percent of the passenger airline total, while low-cost carriers employed 14.8 percent and regional carriers employed 14.5 percent (Table 4).

American Airlines employed the most FTEs in April among the network carriers, Southwest Airlines employed the most among low-cost carriers, and American Eagle employed the most among regional carriers. Seven of the top 10 employers in the industry are network carriers (Table 6).

America West Airlines and US Airways now operate under a single certificate. Joint reporting began with October 2007 data. US Airways employment numbers were included with the network airlines prior to October 2007 while America West's numbers were included with the low-cost airlines. Beginning with October 2007, US Airways numbers are combined with America West Airlines numbers in the network category. The combined carrier's numbers were included in the low-cost category for October 2007 through February 2008 in the releases for those months. The numbers for those months have been revised beginning with the March 2008 release to include the combined carrier's numbers in the network category for all months. The revision was due to a BTS recalculation based on the airline's fourth quarter financial report released May 19.

The merged airline, listed in the network category, reported 32,993 FTEs for April 2008. In April 2007, US Airways reported 19,695 FTEs in the network category and America West reported 13,062 FTEs in the low-cost category for a total of 32,757.

Network Airlines

FTEs at the seven network carriers increased 7.1 percent in April 2008 compared to April 2007, the 12th consecutive monthly gain from the same month of the previous year. Prior to an increase in May, the network group had reduced FTEs from the previous year every month since September 2001 (Table 7).

All the network carriers except American Airlines increased FTEs from April 2007 to April 2008. The year-to-year increases were US Airways 67.5 percent, Delta Air Lines 6.3 percent, Alaska Airlines 6.3 percent, Continental Airlines 3.0 percent, Northwest Airlines 1.0 percent and United Airlines 1.6 percent. Americans year-to-year employment decline was 0.2 percent (Table 9).

FTEs at four network carriers declined during the four years from April 2004 to April 2008. The exceptions were Continental with a 6.1 percent increase, Alaska with a 0.6 percent increase and the newly combined US Airways with a 26.5 percent gain (Table 8). The biggest percentage decline was at Northwest, down 23.7 percent, a reduction of 9,114 FTEs, followed by Delta at 15.8 percent. The other FTE decreases during that time were United, down 11.3 percent; and American, down 7.7 (Table 9).

Network carriers operate a significant portion of their flights using at least one hub where connections are made for flights to down-line destinations or spoke cities.

Low-Cost Airlines

Since the America West and US Airways report was combined last October and following the BTS recalculation of the carrier groups to place the merged airline in the network category, low-cost carrier FTEs have decreased for seven consecutive months through April compared to the same month of the previous year (Tables 10, 11).

Although the merger resulted in a year-to-year decline for the group, all the carriers remaining in the low-cost group for April 2008 had FTE increases from April 2007. Spirit Airlines reported an increase of 14.9 percent. ATA Airlines, which reported 2,407 FTEs in April 2007, stopped operating on April 3 and ceased reporting employment data effective in March (Table 12).

Employment data for Independence Air, which changed its business model from a regional to low-cost carrier in mid-2004 and ceased operation in January 2006, have been included with low-cost carriers for 2004 and 2005.

Low-cost carriers are those that the industry recognizes as operating under a low-cost business model, with lower infrastructure costs and higher productivity. Two new low-cost carriers, SkyBus Airlines and Virgin America, began reporting employment data in August. SkyBus ceased operations on April 5. Virgin America reported 791 FTE employees in April 2008 (Table 12).

Regional Airlines

Regional carrier FTEs were down 0.2 percent in April 2008 compared to April 2007 (Table 13).

Republic and Mesaba reported the largest increases in the group. Republic employed 60.4 percent more FTEs in April 2008 than April 2007, while Mesaba employed 19.6 percent more (Table 15).

Regional carrier FTEs rose from 56,574 in April 2005 to 60,027 in April 2008, an increase of 6.1 percent (Table 14).

The 11 regional carriers reporting employment data in both 2004 and 2008 employed 9.5 percent more FTEs in April 2008 than in April 2004. Of that group, Pinnacle reported the biggest gain, 69.5 percent, followed by SkyWest at 58.2 percent and ExpressJet at 22.1 percent. Atlantic Southeast Airlines, Air Wisconsin Airlines, Mesa Airlines, and Executive Airlines reported fewer FTEs in April 2008 than April 2004 (Table 15).

Effective with April 2008 reporting, Trans States Airlines no longer met the reporting requirements for filing monthly airline employment data. Trans States reported 1,268 FTEs in April 2007.

Regional carrier Compass Airlines began reporting employment data in November. Compass reported 500 FTEs in April (Table 15). Regional carrier Lynx Airlines began reporting employment data in February 2008. Lynx reported 344 FTEs in April (Table 12).

Regional carriers typically provide service from small cities, using primarily regional jets to support the network carriers hub and spoke systems.

Reporting Notes

Airlines that operate at least one aircraft with the capacity to carry combined passengers, cargo and fuel of 18,000 pounds the payload factor must report monthly employment statistics.

The Other Carrier category generally reflects those airlines that operate within specific niche markets, such as Continental Micronesia and Hawaiian Airlines in serving the Hawaiian Islands.

Data are compiled from monthly reports filed with BTS by commercial air carriers as of June 4.

Additional airline employment data can be found on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/programs/airline_information/number_of_employees/. BTS has scheduled release of May airline employment data for July 15.

Table 1: Change in Passenger Airline Full-time Equivalent Employees* by Carrier Group

Percent change compared to same month the previous year for the most recent 13 months

Excel | CSV

Month Network Carriers** (Pct. Change) From Table 7 Low-Cost Carriers*** (Pct. Change) From Table 10 Regional Carriers (Pct. Change) From Table13 All Passenger Airlines**** (Pct. Change) From Table 2
Apr. 2006-Apr. 2007 -0.7 5.7 5.6 1.4
May 2006-May 2007 0.3 5.3 7.2 2.2
June 2006-June 2007 1.3 5.3 5.1 2.5
July 2006-July 2007 1.5 5.9 4.8 2.8
Aug. 2006-Aug. 2007 1.5 5.3 4.9 2.6
Sept. 2006-Sept. 2007 1.8 6.0 5.2 3.0
Oct. 2006-Oct. 2007 7.2 -11.8 5.5 3.5
Nov. 2006-Nov. 2007 7.5 -10.9 5.1 3.7
Dec. 2006-Dec. 2007 7.5 -11.2 4.9 3.7
Jan. 2007-Jan. 2008 7.5 -11.4 3.7 3.4
Feb. 2007-Feb. 2008 7.7 -11.9 1.1 3.0
Mar 2007-Mar 2008 7.5 -15.2 0.6 1.6
Apr. 2007-Apr. 2008 7.1 -15.9 -0.2 1.0

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

** US Airways employment numbers were included with the network airlines prior to October 2007 while America West's numbers were included with the low-cost airlines. Beginning with October 2007, US Airways numbers are combined with America Wests numbers in the network category. The combined carrier's numbers were included in the low-cost category for October 2007 through February 2008 in the releases for those months. The numbers for those months have been revised beginning with the March 2008 release to include the combined carrier's numbers in the network category for all months. The revision was due to a BTS recalculation based on the airline's fourth quarter financial report released May 19.

***Employment numbers in 2005 for Independence Air, which changed its business model from a regional to low-cost carrier in mid-2004, are included with low-cost carriers. The airline discontinued flights on Jan. 5, 2006.

**** Includes network, low-cost, regional and other carriers. Other Carriers generally operate within specific niche markets. They are: Allegiant Air, Casino Express Airlines, Continental Micronesia, Hawaiian Airlines, Midwest Airlines, Sun Country Airlines and USA3000 Airlines. Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2: Change in Total Passenger Airline* Full-time Equivalent Employees** from the Previous Year

Percent change compared to same month the previous year

Excel | CSV

Month 2005 2006 2007 2008
January -0.8 -6.0 -0.4 3.4
February -1.4 -5.8 0.4 3.0
March -1.9 -5.4 0.7 1.6
April -3.1 -4.6 1.4 1.0
May -3.5 -5.0 2.2  
June -3.8 -4.8 2.5  
July -3.5 -5.9 2.8  
August -5.8 -3.1 2.6  
September -5.8 -2.6 3.0  
October -6.0 -2.2 3.5  
November -6.5 -1.6 3.7  
December -5.9 -0.9 3.7  

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Includes network, low-cost, regional and other carriers.

** Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 3: Total Passenger Airline* Full-time Equivalent Employees** by Month

Numbers in thousands (000's)

Excel | CSV

Month 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Percent Change
2004-2008 2007-2008
January 435.0 431.5 405.7 404.3 418.1 -3.9% 3.4%
February 435.0 428.9 404.5 406.0 418.3 -3.8% 3.0%
March 435.9 427.7 405.1 408.0 414.8 -4.8% 1.6%
April 437.8 424.1 404.5 410.2 414.2 -5.4% 1.0%
May 439.6 424.4 403.6 412.4      
June 440.9 424.3 403.8 414.0      
July 444.1 428.5 403.3 414.6      
August 443.0 417.5 404.7 415.4      
September 440.0 414.5 403.7 416.3      
October 439.1 412.7 403.6 417.9      
November 439.5 411.0 404.5 419.4      
December 434.0 408.8 405.0 419.8      
12-Month Average 438.7 421.2 404.3 413.2      
Jan-Apr Average 435.9 428.1 405.0 407.1 416.4 -4.5% 2.3%

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Includes network, low-cost, regional and other carriers.

** Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

Note: Percent changes and averages based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 4: Total Number of Full-time Equivalent Employees* (FTEs) by Carrier Group, April 2004-2008

FTE Numbers in thousands (000's)

Excel | CSV

  Network** Low-Cost** Regional All Passenger Airlines***
2004 305.6 71.0 50.3 437.8
2005 285.8 70.4 56.6 424.1
2006 266.6 68.9 56.9 404.5
2007 264.8 72.8 60.1 410.2
2008 283.7 61.2 60.0 414.2
Pct. Change 2004-2008**** -7.2% -13.7% 6.1% -2.3%
Percent of Total Passenger Airline Employees in 2008 68.5% 14.8% 14.5%  

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

** America Wests employment numbers were included with the low-cost airlines prior to October 2007. Beginning with October 2007, America Wests numbers are combined with US Airways numbers in the network category.

*** Includes network, low-cost, regional and other carriers.

**** Percent change comparison for regional airlines and for all passenger airlines is for 2005 to 2008 because of the number of airlines in these categories that did not meet the standard for reporting monthly employment numbers.

Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 5: Full-time Equivalent Employees* by Carrier Group, Year-to-Year Change, April 2004-2008

Percent Change from the previous year

Excel | CSV

  Network** Low-Cost** Regional*** All Passenger Airlines****
2004 -6.6 0.6 21.7 -2.3
2005 -6.5 -0.7 12.6 -3.1
2006 -6.7 -2.2 0.6 -4.6
2007 -0.7 5.7 5.6 1.4
2008 7.1 -15.9 -0.2 1.0

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

** America Wests employment numbers were included with the low-cost airlines prior to October 2007. Beginning with October 2007, America Wests numbers are combined with US Airways numbers in the network category.

*** Some regional carriers were not required to report employment numbers before 2005, so year-to-year comparisons involving regional carriers, or the total industry, are not appropriate for the years before 2005.

**** Includes network, low-cost, regional and other carriers.

Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 6: Top 10 Airlines, April 2008

Ranked by Number of Full-Time Equivalent Employees*

Excel | CSV

Rank Airline Total FTE Employees (000) Carrier Group** Top 10 Airlines April 2007
1 American 73.1 Network American
2 United 52.7 Network United
3 Delta 48.9 Network Delta
4 Continental 36.7 Network Continental
5 Southwest 34.1 Low Cost Southwest
6 US Airways 33.0 Network Northwest
7 Northwest 29.3 Network US Airways
8 JetBlue 10.6 Low Cost America West
9 Alaska 10.1 Network JetBlue
10 American Eagle 9.7 Regional SkyWest

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

** America Wests employment numbers were included with the low-cost airlines prior to October 2007. Beginning with October 2007, America Wests numbers are combined with US Airways numbers in the network category.

Table 7: Network Airline Full-time Equivalent Employees* Change from the Previous Year**

Percent change compared to same month the previous year

Excel | CSV

Month 2005 2006 2007 2008
January -4.1 -8.1 -2.6 7.5
February -4.6 -7.8 -2.2 7.7
March -5.0 -7.4 -1.4 7.5
April -6.5 -6.7 -0.7 7.1
May -6.6 -7.0 0.3  
June -7.0 -6.8 1.3  
July -5.9 -8.1 1.5  
August -9.0 -4.7 1.5  
September -8.9 -4.1 1.8  
October -8.9 -4.0 7.2  
November -9.3 -3.4 7.5  
December -8.5 -2.9 7.5  

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

** US Airways employment numbers were included with the network airlines prior to October 2007 while America West's numbers were included with the low-cost airlines. Beginning with October 2007, US Airways numbers are combined with America West numbers in the network category. The combined carrier's numbers were included in the low-cost category for October 2007 through February 2008 in the releases for those months. The numbers for those months have been revised beginning with the March 2008 release to include the combined carrier's numbers in the network category for all months. The revision was due to a BTS recalculation based on the airline's fourth quarter financial report released May 19.

Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 8: Network Carrier Full-time Equivalent Employees* by Month**

Numbers in thousands (000's)

Excel | CSV

  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Percent Change
2004-2008 2007-2008
January 305.1 292.7 269.1 262.0 281.7 -18.4 7.5
February 304.7 290.9 268.2 262.4 282.6 -18.0 7.7
March 304.6 289.3 267.8 264.1 283.9 -6.8 7.5
April 305.6 285.8 266.6 264.8 283.7 -7.2 7.1
May 306.0 285.8 265.8 266.6      
June 306.1 284.8 265.3 268.6      
July 306.3 288.2 264.9 268.7      
August 305.3 277.8 264.8 268.8      
September 302.4 275.4 264.0 268.8      
October 300.9 274.1 263.0 281.9      
November 300.2 272.4 263.0 282.7      
December 295.7 270.6 262.9 282.7      
12-Month Average 305.1 285.6 266.3 270.2      
Jan-Apr Average 305.0 289.7 267.9 263.3 283.0 -7.2% 7.5%

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

** US Airways employment numbers were included with the network airlines prior to October 2007 while America West's numbers were included with the low-cost airlines. Beginning with October 2007, US Airways numbers are combined with America Wests numbers in the network category. The combined carrier's numbers were included in the low-cost category for October 2007 through February 2008 in the releases for those months. The numbers for those months have been revised beginning with the March 2008 release to include the combined carrier's numbers in the network category for all months. The revision was due to a BTS recalculation based on the airline's fourth quarter financial report released May 19.

Note: Percent changes and averages based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 9: Network Carrier Full-time Equivalent Employees*, April 2004-2008**

(Ranked by April 2008 FTEs)

Numbers in thousands (000's)

Excel | CSV

Rank   2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Percent Change     
2004-2008 2007-2008
1 American 79.1 75.4 74.3 73.2 73.1 -7.7 -0.2
2 United 59.4 55.5 53.6 51.8 52.7 -11.3 1.6
3 Delta 58.1 52.9 46.0 46.0 48.9 -15.8 6.3
4 Continental 34.6 32.4 34.0 35.6 36.7 6.1 3.0
5 US Airways 26.1 22.3 19.5 19.7 33.0 26.5 67.5
6 Northwest 38.4 38.0 30.0 29.0 29.3 -23.7 1.0
7 Alaska 10.0 9.2 9.2 9.5 10.1 0.6 6.3
  Total 305.6 285.8 266.6 264.8 283.7 -7.2 7.1

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

Note: Detail may not add to total due to rounding

* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

** Beginning with October 2007, US Airways' numbers are combined with America West Airlines numbers in the network category. For America West's previous year numbers in the low-cost category, see Table 12.

Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 10: Change in Low-Cost Airline Full-time Equivalent Employees* from the Previous Year**

Percent change compared to same month the previous year

Excel | CSV

Month 2005 2006 2007 2008
January 0.5 -5.3 4.5 -11.4
February 0.6 -4.1 5.0 -11.9
March*** 0.0 -3.0 4.4 -15.2
April -0.7 -2.2 5.7 -15.9
May -1.0 -2.1 5.3  
June -1.2 -2.0 5.3  
July -1.5 -2.6 5.9  
August -0.7 -0.8 5.3  
September -1.0 -0.4 6.0  
October -1.2 0.8 -11.8  
November -2.5 0.9 -10.9  
December -1.4 1.4 -11.2  

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

** US Airways employment numbers were included with the network airlines prior to October 2007 while America West's numbers were included with the low-cost airlines. Beginning with October 2007, US Airways numbers are combined with America Wests numbers in the network category. The combined carrier's numbers were included in the low-cost category for October 2007 through February 2008 in the releases for those months. The numbers for those months have been revised beginning with the March 2008 release to include the combined carrier's numbers in the network category for all months. The revision was due to a BTS recalculation based on the airline's fourth quarter financial report released May 19.

*** ATA Airlines ceased operating on April 3, 2008 and stopped reporting employment data effective in March.

Note: Employment numbers in 2004 and 2005 for Independence Air, which changed its business model from a regional to low-cost carrier in mid-2004, are included with low-cost carriers. The airline discontinued flights on Jan. 5, 2006.

Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 11: Low-Cost Carrier Full-time Equivalent Employees* by Month**

Numbers in thousands (000's)

Excel | CSV

  2004 2005 2006 2007*** 2008 Percent Change
2004-2008 2007-2008
January 71.2 71.6 67.8 70.8 62.8 -11.8 -11.4
February 70.5 70.9 68.0 71.4 62.9 -10.8 -11.9
March**** 70.8 70.8 69.7 71.7 60.8 -14.2 -15.2
April***** 71.0 70.3 68.9 72.8 61.2 -13.7 -15.9
May 71.3 70.5 69.1 72.7      
June 71.7 70.8 69.4 73.1      
July 72.4 71.3 69.4 73.5      
August 71.6 71.1 70.5 74.2      
September 71.3 70.6 70.3 74.5      
October 71.2 70.4 70.9 62.6      
November 72.3 70.5 71.1 63.4      
December 71.6 70.6 71.6 63.6      
12-Month Average 71.3 70.9 69.2 70.4      
Jan-Apr Average 70.9 70.9 68.6 71.7 61.9 12.6% 13.6%

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

** US Airways employment numbers were included with the network airlines prior to October 2007 while America West's numbers were included with the low-cost airlines. Beginning with October 2007, US Airways numbers are combined with America West Airlines numbers in the network category. The combined carrier's numbers were included in the low-cost category for October 2007 through February 2008 in the releases for those months. The numbers for those months have been revised beginning with the March 2008 release to include the combined carrier's numbers in the network category for all months. The revision was due to a BTS recalculation based on the airline's fourth quarter financial report released May 19.

*** Virgin America and SkyBus began reporting employment data in August 2007

**** ATA Airlines ceased operating on April 3, 2008 and stopped reporting employment data effective in March.

***** SkyBus has ceased flight operations and stopped reporting employment data effective with April 2008.

Note: Percent changes and averages based on numbers prior to rounding.

Note: Detail may not add to total due to rounding.

Table 12: Low-Cost Carrier Full-time Equivalent Employees,* April 2004-2008**

(Ranked by April 2008 FTEs)

Excel | CSV

Rank   2004*** 2005*** 2006 2007**** 2008 Percent Change     
2004-2008 2007-2008
1 Southwest 31,531 31,058 31,628 33,131 34,057 8.0 2.8
2 JetBlue 5,559 7,081 9,448 9,584 10,635 91.3 11.0
3 AirTran 5,406 6,083 6,911 7,720 8,210 51.9 6.3
4 Frontier 3,855 4,073 4,298 4,800 5,090 32.0 6.0
5 Spirit 2,415 2,194 2,001 2,131 2,449 1.4 14.9
6 Virgin America N/A N/A N/A N/A 791 N/A N/A
7 ATA***** 6,919 4,596 2,832 2,407 N/A N/A N/A
8 SkyBus***** N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
9 Independence 3,797 3,353 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
10 America West 11,478 12,002 11,807 13,062 N/A N/A N/A
  Total 70,959 70,438 68,923 72,833 61,232 -13.7 -15.9

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

** Beginning with October 2007, US Airways' numbers are combined with America Wests numbers in the network category. For US Airways previous year numbers and for the combined number in the network category, see Table 9.

***Employment numbers in 2004 and 2005 for Independence Air, which changed its business model from a regional to low-cost carrier in mid-2004, are included with low-cost carriers. The carrier did not meet the standard for filing in previous years. The airline discontinued flights on Jan. 5, 2006.

**** Virgin America and SkyBus began reporting employment data in August 2007

***** ATA Airlines ceased operating on April 3, 2008 and stopped reporting employment data effective in March.

****** SkyBus ceased operating on April 5, 2008 and stopped reporting employment data effective in April.

N/A: Carrier did not meet the standard for filing, was no longer operating, merged with another operating carrier or failed to file. See previous notes.

Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Note: Detail may not add to total due to rounding.

Table 13: Change in Regional Airline Full-time Equivalent Employees* from the Previous Year

Percent change compared to same month the previous year

Excel | CSV

  2005** 2006 2007*** 2008****
January 15.5 2.5 3.0 3.7
February 14.3 1.1 5.9 1.1
March 13.7 0.5 5.6 0.6
April 12.6 0.6 5.6 -0.2
May 11.1 -0.6 7.2  
June 11.0 -1.6 5.1  
July 6.0 -0.8 4.8  
August 5.1 -1.0 4.9  
September 4.3 -0.3 5.2  
October 2.7 0.6 5.5  
November 2.1 2.4 5.1  
December 2.2 3.0 4.9  

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

** Republic, Shuttle America and GoJet reported for part of 2005.

*** Compass began reporting employment numbers in November 2007.

**** Lynx began reporting in February 2008. Effective with April 2008 reporting, Trans States Airlines no longer met the reporting requirements for filing monthly airline employment data.

Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 14: Regional Carrier Full-time Equivalent Employees* by Month

Numbers in thousands (000's)

Excel | CSV

  2004** 2005*** 2006 2007**** 2008***** Percent Change
2005-2008 2007-2008
January 48.3 55.8 57.2 58.9 61.1 9.5 3.7
February 48.9 55.9 56.6 59.9 60.5 8.3 1.1
March 49.6 56.4 56.7 59.9 60.2 6.9 0.6
April 50.3 56.6 56.9 60.1 60.0 6.1 -0.2
May 51.2 56.9 56.5 60.6      
June 51.9 57.6 57.0 59.9      
July 54.3 57.6 57.1 59.9      
August 55.0 57.8 57.2 60.2      
September 55.2 57.6 57.4 60.7      
October 55.8 57.4 57.7 61.2      
November 55.6 56.8 58.1 61.1      
December 55.3 56.3 58.2 61.1      
12-Month Average 51.6 56.9 57.0 60.3      
Jan-Apr Average 49.3 56.2 56.8 59.7 60.5 7.7% 1.3%

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

** Mesa, Pinnacle and PSA began reporting employment numbers in 2004.

*** Republic, Shuttle America and GoJet reported for part of 2005.

**** Compass began reporting employment numbers in November 2007.

**** Lynx began reporting in February 2008. Effective with April 2008 reporting, Trans States Airlines no longer met the reporting requirements for filing monthly airline employment data.

Note: Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 15: Regional Carrier Full-time Equivalent Employees*, April 2004-2008

(Ranked by April 2008 FTEs)

Excel | CSV

Rank   2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Percent Change**     
2004-2008 2007-2008
1 American Eagle 8,248 9,472 9,271 9,464 9,709 17.7 2.6
2 SkyWest 6,131 7,461 8,174 9,493 9,698 58.2 2.2
3 ExpressJet 6,077 6,459 6,528 7,486 7,420 22.1 -0.9
4 Comair 5,816 6,314 6,221 6,192 5,991 3.0 -3.2
5 Atlantic Southeast 5,632 5,447 5,434 5,575 4,510 -19.9 -19.1
6 Horizon 3,396 3,370 3,526 3,745 3,777 11.2 0.9
7 Pinnacle 2,056 2,892 3,037 3,376 3,484 69.5 3.2
8 Mesaba 2,969 3,244 2,892 2,639 3,156 6.3 19.6
9 Mesa 3,165 3,279 3,202 3,256 2,914 -7.9 -10.5
10 Air Wisconsin 3,450 3,608 2,300 2,268 2,671 -22.6 17.8
11 Executive 1,923 1,827 1,747 1,637 1,721 -10.5 5.1
12 Republic N/A N/A 458 921 1,477 N/A 60.4
13 PSA N/A 1,725 1,503 1,422 1,153 N/A -18.9
14 Shuttle America N/A N/A 818 1,061 1,147 N/A 8.1
15 Compass N/A N/A N/A N/A 500 N/A N/A
16 GoJet N/A N/A 295 326 359 N/A 10.1
17 Lynx N/A N/A N/A N/A 344 N/A N/A
18 Trans States*** 1,396 1,479 1,526 1,268 N/A N/A N/A
  Total 50,259 56,577 56,932 60,129 60,031 9.5 -0.2

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.

** Some regional carriers were not required to report employment numbers before 2005, so year-to-year comparisons involving regional carriers, or the total industry, are not appropriate for the years before 2005. The Percent Change 2004-2008 is based on the 12 carriers reporting in both years.

*** Effective with April 2008 reporting, Trans States Airlines no longer met the reporting requirements for filing monthly airline employment data.

N/A: Not applicable because carriers did not meet the standard for filing.

Note: Detail may not add to total due to rounding.