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Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Reached a Monthly Record High in April 2008

Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Reached a Monthly Record High in April 2008

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 32-08
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Monday, June 30, 2008 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 14.3 percent higher in April 2008 than in April 2007, reaching $74.3 billion, the highest monthly level ever recorded, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that the value of North American surface trade in April topped the previous monthly high of $74.2 billion in October 2007 by 0.1 percent.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 5.0 percent in April from March (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 88 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in April was up 58.7 percent compared to April 2003, and up 91.8 percent compared to April 1998, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in April were up 106.0 percent compared to April 1998, while exports were up 75.8 percent.

Data for exports to Canada by pipeline in March 2008 remained unavailable at the time of this release.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $48.9 billion in April, up 15.4 percent compared to April 2007 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was about 1 percent higher in April 2008 than April 2007, while the value of exports carried by truck was 13.1 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in April with $6.4 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $25.5 billion in April, up 12.2 percent compared to April 2007 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 11.8 percent higher in April 2008 than April 2007 while the value of exports carried by truck was 10.9 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in April with $8.0 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. April TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of June 10.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release May TransBorder numbers on July 31.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2006 2007 2008 Percent Change      2006-2007 Percent Change      2007-2008
January 61,189 60,649 65,160 -0.9 7.4
February 59,804 59,667 69,406 -0.2 16.3
March 68,213 69,768 70,787 2.3 1.5
April 61,742 65,015 74,317 5.3 14.3
May 65,994 69,423   5.2  
June 66,898 69,526   3.9  
July 55,939 61,823   10.5  
August 66,354 69,158   4.2  
September 63,295 66,771   5.5  
October 66,846 74,249   11.1  
November 64,805 70,352   8.6  
December 59,049 60,902   3.1  
4-month total 250,947 255,098 279,670 1.7 9.6
Annual  760,127 797,303   4.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. Canada pipeline export data are currently not available for March 2008.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2007 March 2008 April 2008 Percent Change Mar. 2008-Apr.2008 Percent Change April 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 36,912 40,089 42,226 5.3 14.4
Exports 28,103 30,698 32,090 4.5 14.2
Total 65,015 70,787 74,317 5.0 14.3
Truck Imports 23,492 23,835 24,859 4.3 5.8
Exports 21,790 23,353 24,482 4.8 12.4
Rail Imports 7,551 8,065 8,063 -0.0 6.8
Exports 3,775 4,281 4,447 3.9 17.8
Pipeline Imports 4,418 6,657 7,655 15.0 73.3
Exports 410 NA 600 NA 46.4

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html. Canada pipeline export data are currently not available for March 2008.

Table 3. April 2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with April of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to April in… Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2007 14.4 14.2 14.3
2006 20.2 20.6 20.4
2005 27.2 27.9 27.5
2004 38.9 40.8 39.7
2003 59.1 58.0 58.7
2002 57.8 60.2 58.8
2001 58.4 59.4 58.8
2000 63.1 53.0 58.6
1999 89.0 74.1 82.3
1998 106.0 75.8 91.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/ Canada pipeline export data are currently not available for March 2008.

Table 4. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2007 March 2008 April 2008 Percent Change Mar. 2008-Apr.2008 Percent Change April 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 23,776 26,465 27,636 4.4 16.2
Exports 18,546 20,750 21,222 2.3 14.4
Total 42,322 47,216 48,859 3.5 15.4
Truck Imports 12,761 12,729 12,858 1.0 0.8
Exports 14,307 15,645 16,185 3.4 13.1
Rail Imports 5,436 5,854 5,791 -1.1 6.5
Exports 2,188 2,606 2,394 -8.2 9.4
Pipeline Imports 4,408 6,642 7,640 15.0 73.3
Exports 361 NA 529 NA 46.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html. Canada pipeline export data are currently not available for March 2008.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation Ranked by April 2008 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State April 2008
1 Michigan 6,401
2 Illinois 4,630
3 New York 3,509
4 Ohio 3,065
5 California 2,740
6 Texas 2,291
7 Washington 2,107
8 Pennsylvania 1,858
9 Minnesota 1,834
10 Indiana 1,450

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/ Canada pipeline export data are currently not available for March 2008.

Table 6. U.S. Surface Trade with Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2007 March 2008 April 2008 Percent ChangeMar. 2008-Apr.2008 Percent Change April 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 13,136 13,624 14,590 7.1 11.1
Exports 9,557 9,948 10,868 9.3 13.7
Total 22,693 23,571 25,458 8.0 12.2
Truck Imports 10,730 11,106 12,001 8.1 11.8
Exports 7,482 7,707 8,298 7.7 10.9
Rail Imports 2,115 2,211 2,272 2.8 7.4
Exports 1,587 1,675 2,054 22.6 29.4
Pipeline Imports 10 15 15 -1.5 52.1
Exports 49 85 71 -16.2 45.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation Ranked by April 2008 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State April 2008
1 Texas 8,047
2 California 4,142
3 Michigan 2,705
4 Arizona 1,001
5 Illinois 913
6 Ohio 684
7 Tennessee 504
8 North Carolina 482
9 Georgia 447
10 Pennsylvania 435

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/