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August 2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 4.5 Percent from August 2007

August 2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 4.5 Percent from August 2007

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 52-08
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, October 30, 2008 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, Canada and Mexico , was 4.5 percent higher in August 2008 than in August 2007, reaching $72.3 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 0.9 percent in August from July (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 88 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in August was up 60.5 percent compared to August 2003, and up 101.9 percent compared to August 1998, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in August were up 107.5 percent compared to August 1998, while exports were up 95.2 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $46.8 billion in August, up 8.6 percent compared to August 2007 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 6.1 percent lower in August 2008 than August 2007, while the value of exports carried by truck was 1.0 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in August with $5.8 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $25.5 billion in August, down 2.4 percent compared to August 2007 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 8.2 percent lower in August 2008 than August 2007 while the value of exports carried by truck was 4.5 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in August with $8.3 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. August TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Oct. 15.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release September TransBorder numbers on Dec. 1.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2006 2007 2008 Percent Change 2006-2007 Percent Change 2007-2008
January 61,189 60,649 65,160 -0.9 7.4
February 59,804 59,667 69,406 -0.2 16.3
March 68,213 69,768 70,787 2.3 1.5
April 61,742 65,015 74,317 5.3 14.3
May 65,994 69,423 74,128 5.2 6.8
June 66,898 69,526 74,139 3.9 6.6
July 55,939 61,823 71,628 10.5 15.9
August 66,354 69,158 72,254 4.2 4.5
September 63,295 66,771   5.5  
October 66,846 74,249   11.1  
November 64,805 70,352   8.6  
December 59,049 60,902   3.1  
Year-to-date(8 months) 506,132 525,028 571,819 3.7 8.9
Annual 760,127 797,303   4.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior torounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2007 July 2008 August 2008 Percent Change July 2008-August 2008 Percent Change August 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 39,356 40,241 40,821 1.4 3.7
Exports 29,802 31,387 31,434 0.2 5.5
Total 69,158 71,628 72,254 0.9 4.5
Truck Imports 24,681 23,038 22,919 -0.5 -7.1
Exports 23,377 23,762 23,917 0.7 2.3
Rail Imports 8,419 6,981 8,287 18.7 -1.6
Exports 3,663 4,598 4,779 3.9 30.5
Pipeline Imports 4,733 8,551 8,151 -4.7 72.2
Exports 189 612 367 -40.0 93.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. August 2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with August of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to August in Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2007 3.7 5.5 4.5
2006 8.2 9.8 8.9
2005 18.3 22.4 20.0
2004 30.7 40.7 34.9
2003 57.3 64.9 60.5
2002 52.6 57.3 54.6
2001 52.7 54.0 53.3
2000 44.7 42.2 43.6
1999 68.0 67.7 67.9
1998 107.5 95.2 101.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2007 July 2008 August 2008 Percent Change  July 2008-August 2008 Percent Change August 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 24,029 26,794 26,804 0.0 11.5
Exports 19,049 20,068 19,986 -0.4 4.9
Total 43,078 46,862 46,791 -0.2 8.6
Truck Imports 12,255 11,623 11,510 -1.0 -6.1
Exports 14,809 14,952 14,960 0.1 1.0
Rail Imports 5,801 5,292 6,054 14.4 4.4
Exports 2,019 2,730 2,856 4.6 41.4
Pipeline Imports 4,722 8,527 8,126 -4.7 72.1
Exports 139 477 291 -38.9 109.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation Ranked by August 2008 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State August 2008
1  Michigan 5,796
2  Illinois 5,040
3  New York 3,226
4  Ohio 2,977
5  California 2,838
6  Texas 2,436
7  Pennsylvania 1,830
8  Washington 1,792
9  Minnesota 1,777
10  Tennessee 1,332

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Surface Trade with Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2007 July 2008 August 2008 Percent Change  July 2008-August 2008 Percent Change August 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 15,326 13,447 14,016 4.2 -8.5
Exports 10,753 11,319 11,448 1.1 6.5
Total 26,079 24,766 25,464 2.8 -2.4
Truck Imports 12,426 11,416 11,410 -0.1 -8.2
Exports 8,568 8,810 8,958 1.7 4.5
Rail Imports 2,618 1,689 2,233 32.2 -14.7
Exports 1,643 1,868 1,923 3.0 17.0
Pipeline Imports 12 24 25 4.2 114.4
Exports 51 136 76 -44.2 50.1

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by August 2008 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State August 2008
1  Texas 8,285
2  California 4,248
3  Michigan 2,547
4  Illinois 987
5  Ohio 790
6  Arizona 787
7  Tennessee 486
8  North Carolina 482
9   Georgia 424
10  Pennsylvania 411

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/