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September 2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 7.5 Percent from September 2007

September 2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 7.5 Percent from September 2007

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 57-08
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Monday, December 1, 2008 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 7.5 percent higher in September 2008 than in September 2007, reaching $71.8 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). 

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico fell 0.6 percent in September from August (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 88 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in September was up 46.9 percent compared to September 2003, and up 82.8 percent compared to September 1998, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in September were up 87.6 percent compared to September 1998, while exports were up 76.9 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $46.8 billion in September, up 9.7 percent compared to September 2007 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was unchanged in September 2008 compared to September 2007, while the value of exports carried by truck was 2.6 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in September with $5.9 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $25.0 billion in September, up 3.8 percent compared to September 2007 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 0.7 percent lower in September 2008 than September 2007 while the value of exports carried by truck was 16.6 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in September with $8.2 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. September TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Nov. 13.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release October TransBorder numbers on Jan. 8, 2009.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2006 2007 2008 Percent Change      2006-2007 Percent Change      2007-2008
January 61,189 60,649 65,160 -0.9 7.4
February 59,804 59,667 69,406 -0.2 16.3
March 68,213 69,768 70,787 2.3 1.5
April 61,742 65,015 74,317 5.3 14.3
May 65,994 69,423 74,128 5.2 6.8
June 66,898 69,526 74,139 3.9 6.6
July 55,939 61,823 71,628 10.5 15.9
August 66,354 69,158 72,254 4.2 4.5
September 63,295 66,771 71,801 5.5 7.5
October 66,846 74,249   11.1  
November 64,805 70,352   8.6  
December 59,049 60,902   3.1  
Jan-Sep 569,427 591,799 643,620 3.9 8.8
Annual 760,127 797,303   4.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   September 2007 August 2008 September 2008 Percent Change August 2008-September 2008 Percent Change September 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 37,574 40,821 40,304 -1.3 7.3
Exports 29,197 31,434 31,497 0.2 7.9
Total 66,771 72,254 71,801 -0.6 7.5
Truck Imports 23,977 22,919 23,896 4.3 -0.3
Exports 22,524 23,917 24,175 1.1 7.3
Rail Imports 8,299 8,287 7,327 -11.6 -11.7
Exports 3,990 4,779 4,423 -7.5 10.8
Pipeline Imports 4,125 8,151 7,430 -8.8 80.1
Exports 391 367 505 37.5 29.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Pipeline export data are not currently available for March 2008.

Table 3. September 2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with September of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to September in… Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2007 7.3 7.9 7.5
2006 11.2 16.4 13.4
2005 13.6 22.6 17.4
2004 28.1 34.3 30.8
2003 43.4 51.7 46.9
2002 53.9 60.7 56.8
2001 64.7 75.0 69.0
2000 44.0 48.7 46.0
1999 66.3 64.6 65.6
1998 87.6 76.9 82.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   September 2007 August 2008 September 2008 Percent Change August 2008-September 2008 Percent Change September 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 23,300 26,804 26,708 -0.4 14.6
Exports 19,354 19,986 20,069 0.4 3.7
Total 42,654 46,791 46,778 -0.0 9.7
Truck Imports 12,610 11,510 12,611 9.6 0.0
Exports 14,961 14,960 15,354 2.6 2.6
Rail Imports 5,702 6,054 5,408 -10.7 -5.2
Exports 2,278 2,856 2,658 -6.9 16.7
Pipeline Imports 4,113 8,126 7,416 -8.7 80.3
Exports 325 291 206 -29.3 -36.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Pipeline export data are not currently available for March 2008.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by September 2008 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State September 2008
1  Michigan 5,898
2  Illinois 4,748
3  New York 3,184
4  Ohio 3,078
5  California 2,698
6  Texas 2,213
7  Pennsylvania 1,985
8  Washington 1,916
9  Minnesota 1,696
10  Indiana 1,344

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Surface Trade with Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   September 2007 August 2008 September 2008 Percent Change August 2008-September 2008 Percent Change September 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 14,274 14,016 13,596 -3.0 -4.8
Exports 9,843 11,448 11,427 -0.2 16.1
Total 24,118 25,464 25,023 -1.7 3.8
Truck Imports 11,367 11,410 11,285 -1.1 -0.7
Exports 7,563 8,958 8,821 -1.5 16.6
Rail Imports 2,597 2,233 1,919 -14.1 -26.1
Exports 1,712 1,923 1,765 -8.2 3.1
Pipeline Imports 12 25 14 -42.1 24.1
Exports 67 76 299 293.8 349.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by September 2008 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State September 2008
1 Texas 8,227
2 California 4,358
3 Michigan 2,254
4 Illinois 1,008
5 Ohio 782
6 Arizona 771
7 Tennessee 498
8 North Carolina 474
9 Pennsylvania 421
10 Georgia 378

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/