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October Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 2.1 Percent from October 2007

October Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 2.1 Percent from October 2007

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 1-09
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, January 08, 2009 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 2.1 percent lower in October 2008 than in October 2007, reaching $72.7 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 1.2 percent in October from September (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 88 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in October was up 38.8 percent compared to October 2003, and up 74.9 percent compared to October 1998, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in October were up 75 percent compared to October 1998, while exports were up 74.8 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $44.8 billion in October, down 6.1 percent compared to October 2007 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 17.5 percent lower in October 2008 compared to October 2007, while the value of exports carried by truck was 9.5 percent lower.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in October with $5.3 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $27.9 billion in October, up 5.1 percent compared to October 2007 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 5.9 percent lower in October 2008 than October 2007 while the value of exports carried by truck was 18.4 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in October with $9.0 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. October TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Dec. 17.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release November TransBorder numbers on Jan. 29.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2006 2007 2008 Percent Change      2006-2007 Percent Change      2007-2008
January 61,189 60,649 65,160 -0.9 7.4
February 59,804 59,667 69,406 -0.2 16.3
March 68,213 69,768 70,787 2.3 1.5
April 61,742 65,015 74,317 5.3 14.3
May 65,994 69,423 74,128 5.2 6.8
June 66,898 69,526 74,139 3.9 6.6
July 55,939 61,823 71,628 10.5 15.9
August 66,354 69,158 72,254 4.2 4.5
September 63,295 66,771 71,801 5.5 7.5
October 66,846 74,249 72,683 11.1 -2.1
November 64,805 70,352   8.6  
December 59,049 60,902   3.1  
Jan-Oct 636,273 666,049 716,304 4.7 7.5
Annual 760,127 797,303   4.9  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2007 September 2008 October 2008 Percent Change September 2008-October 2008 Percent Change October 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 41,974 40,304 39,905 -1.0 -4.9
Exports 32,275 31,497 32,778 4.1 1.6
Total 74,249 71,801 72,683 1.2 -2.1
Truck Imports 27,065 23,896 23,824 -0.3 -12.0
Exports 25,310 24,175 25,316 4.7 0.0
Rail Imports 8,199 7,327 7,625 4.1 -7.0
Exports 4,169 4,423 4,842 9.5 16.1
Pipeline Imports 5,130 7,430 6,789 -8.6 32.4
Exports 151 505 303 -40.0 100.1

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.Pipeline export data are not currently available for March 2008.

Table 3. October 2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with October of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to October in… Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2007 -4.9 1.6 -2.1
2006 5.2 13.4 8.7
2005 7.3 22.4 13.6
2004 22.5 34.9 27.8
2003 33.6 45.7 38.8
2002 41.6 52.8 46.4
2001 49.0 57.2 52.6
2000 36.2 46.2 40.5
1999 59.0 60.0 59.4
1998 75.0 74.8 74.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2007 September 2008 October 2008 Percent Change September 2008-October 2008 Percent Change October 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 26,309 26,708 25,048 -6.2 -4.8
Exports 21,375 20,069 19,704 -1.8 -7.8
Total 47,684 46,778 44,752 -4.3 -6.1
Truck Imports 14,206 12,611 11,720 -7.1 -17.5
Exports 16,683 15,354 15,098 -1.7 -9.5
Rail Imports 5,698 5,408 5,233 -3.2 -8.2
Exports 2,368 2,658 2,577 -3.1 8.8
Pipeline Imports 5,117 7,416 6,768 -8.7 32.3
Exports 108 206 217 5.4 100.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.Pipeline export data are not currently available for March 2008.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation Ranked by October 2008 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State October 2008
1  Michigan 5,291
2  Illinois 4,203
3  Ohio 3,096
4  New York 2,775
5  California 2,768
6  Texas 2,312
7  Washington 1,937
8  Pennsylvania 1,847
9  Minnesota 1,704
10  Indiana 1,302

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Surface Trade with Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2007 September 2008 October 2008 Percent Change September 2008-October 2008 Percent Change October 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 15,665 13,596 14,857 9.3 -5.2
Exports 10,901 11,427 13,074 14.4 19.9
Total 26,565 25,023 27,932 11.6 5.1
Truck Imports 12,859 11,285 12,104 7.3 -5.9
Exports 8,626 8,821 10,218 15.8 18.4
Rail Imports 2,501 1,919 2,392 24.7 -4.3
Exports 1,802 1,765 2,265 28.4 25.7
Pipeline Imports 13 14 21 47.1 67.4
Exports 43 299 86 -71.4 97.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation Ranked by October 2008 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State October 2008
1 Texas 9,043
2 California 4,812
3 Michigan 2,835
4 Illinois 1,160
5 Arizona 1,002
6 Ohio 836
7 Tennessee 580
8 Pennsylvania 503
9 North Carolina 477
10 Indiana 416

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/