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2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 4.1 Percent from 2007

2008 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 4.1 Percent from 2007

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 14-09
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Wednesday, March 18, 2009 - Surface transportation trade between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 4.1 percent higher in 2008 than in 2007, reaching $830 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation. The 4.1 percent rate of growth was the smallest year-to-year growth rate since 2003 (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico grew 8.6 percent during the first six months of 2008 compared to the same period in 2007.  It declined 0.3 percent in the final six months and 9.4 percent in the October-to-December period compared to 2007. For 2008 data by month, see the BTS December North American Surface Freight press release at http://www.bts.gov/press_releases/2009/bts010_09/html/bts010_09.html

Total North American surface transportation imports rose 2.7 percent in 2008 from 2007, and exports rose by 5.9 percent during the same period (Table 2).

In 2008, 86 percent of U.S. merchandise trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land. Total North American surface transportation trade value in 2008 was up 47.5 percent compared to 2003, and up 83.7 percent compared to 1998, a period of 10 years (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $537 billion in 2008, up 5.1 percent compared to 2007 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 6.0 percent lower in 2008 than 2007 while the value of exports carried by truck was 2.4 percent higher.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in 2008 with $67.0 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $293 billion in 2008, up 2.3 percent compared to 2007 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 2.1 percent lower in 2008 than 2007 while the value of exports carried by truck was 7.8 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in 2008 with $94.1 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are obtained by BTS from the U.S. Census Bureaus Foreign Trade Division. TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Feb. 11.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on transborder freight data is posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/.

Table 1. Annual Value of U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico and Percent Change from Previous Year

(millions of dollars)

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Year Amount Percent Change from Previous Year
1998 451,736 6.0
1999 501,250 11.0
2000 575,713 14.9
2001 547,312 -4.9
2002 540,795 -1.2
2003 562,776 4.1
2004 633,563 12.6
2005 697,987 10.2
2006 760,127 8.9
2007 797,303 4.9
2008 829,875 4.1

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada and Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

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Mode   2006 2007 2008 Percent Change 2006-2007 Percent Change 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 434,094 452,486 464,606 4.2 2.7
Exports 326,032 344,817 365,269 5.8 5.9
Total 760,127 797,303 829,875 4.9 4.1
Truck Imports 276,348 287,441 275,577 4.0 -4.1
Exports 257,310 267,390 278,857 3.9 4.3
Rail Imports 89,122 93,022 89,022 4.4 -4.3
Exports 39,749 44,837 51,403 12.8 14.6
Pipeline Imports 53,921 55,184 82,212 2.3 49.0
Exports 2,887 4,122 5,564 42.8 35.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones and other transportation.  Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 3: Prior Year Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with 2008

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2008 Compared to Percent Change to 2008
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2007 2.7 5.9 4.1
2006 7.0 12.0 9.2
2005 15.9 22.9 18.9
2004 27.5 35.7 31.0
2003 44.2 51.9 47.5
2002 50.3 57.7 53.5
2001 48.6 55.7 51.6
2000 43.5 44.9 44.1
1999 66.7 64.2 65.6
1998 90.5 75.7 83.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

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Mode   2006 2007 2008 Percent Change 2006-2007 Percent Change 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 278,889 284,773 301,128 2.1 5.7
Exports 209,283 226,058 235,681 8.0 4.3
Total 488,172 510,831 536,809 4.6 5.1
Truck Imports 149,884 150,404 141,353 0.4 -6.0
Exports 164,318 174,343 178,593 6.1 2.4
Rail Imports 63,258 65,962 63,757 4.3 -3.3
Exports 22,478 25,497 29,438 13.4 15.5
Pipeline Imports 53,865 55,016 82,018 2.1 49.1
Exports 2,180 3,334 4,313 53.0 29.4

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones and other transportation.  Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation, in 2008 Ranked by Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

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Rank State 2008
1  Michigan 67,041
2  Illinois 52,329
3  New York 36,485
4  Ohio 34,124
5  California 31,915
6  Texas 27,878
7  Washington 23,349
8  Pennsylvania 21,535
9  Minnesota 19,395
10  Indiana 15,758

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2006 2007 2008 Percent Change 2006-2007 Percent Change 2007-2008
All Surface Modes Imports 155,205 167,713 163,478 8.1 -2.5
Exports 116,749 118,758 129,587 1.7 9.1
Total 271,954 286,472 293,065 5.3 2.3
Truck Imports 126,464 137,037 134,224 8.4 -2.1
Exports 92,992 93,047 100,264 0.1 7.8
Rail Imports 25,864 27,060 25,265 4.6 -6.6
Exports 17,271 19,340 21,965 12.0 13.6
Pipeline Imports 55 169 193 204.5 14.6
Exports 707 787 1,250 11.4 58.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: The value of all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. The value of trade for all surface modes includes shipments made by truck, rail, pipeline, mail, foreign trade zones and other transportation.  Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation in 2008, Ranked by Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

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Rank State 2008
1 Texas 94,107
2 California 48,951
3 Michigan 29,579
4 Illinois 11,032
5 Arizona 10,857
6 Ohio 8,276
7 Tennessee 5,793
8 North Carolina 5,563
9 Pennsylvania 4,978
10 Georgia 4,806

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/