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April 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 33.1 Percent from April 2008

April 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 33.1 Percent from April 2008

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 32-09
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Wednesday, July 1, 2009 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 33.1 percent lower in April 2009 than in April 2008, dropping to $49.7 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). April was the fourth consecutive month with a yearly decline of greater than 27 percent.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico fell 2.6 percent in March 2009 from April 2009 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 88 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in April was down 6.5 percent compared to April 2004, and up 22.0 percent compared to April 1999, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in April were up 19.5 percent compared to April 1999, while exports were up 24.9 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $30.2 billion in April, down 38.2 percent compared to April 2008 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 32.8 percent lower in April 2009 compared to April 2008, while the value of exports carried by truck was 31.2 percent lower during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in April with $3.3 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $19.5 billion in April, down 23.4 percent compared to April 2008 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 22.0 percent lower in April 2009 than April 2008 while the value of exports carried by truck was 18.0 percent lower.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in April with $6.6 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. April TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of June 10.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release May TransBorder numbers on July 30.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2007 2008 2009 Percent Change 2007 -2008 Percent Change 2008 - 2009
January 60,649 65,160 47,459 7.4 -27.2
February 59,667 69,406 47,938 16.3 -30.9
March 69,768 70,787 51,055 1.5 -27.9
April 65,015 74,317 49,729 14.3 -33.1
May 69,423 74,128   6.8  
June 69,526 74,139   6.6  
July 61,823 71,628   15.9  
August 69,158 72,254   4.5  
September 66,771 71,801   7.5  
October 74,249 72,683   -2.1  
November 70,352 60,661   -13.8  
December 60,902 52,910   -13.1  
Year-to-date 255,098 279,670 196,182 9.6 -29.9
Annual 797,303 829,875   4.1  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2008 March 2009 April 2009 Percent Change March 2009-April 2009 Percent Change April 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 42,226 27,171 26,710 -1.7 -36.7
Exports 32,090 23,884 23,019 -3.6 -28.3
Total 74,317 51,055 49,729 -2.6 -33.1
Truck Imports 24,859 18,707 17,993 -3.8 -27.6
Exports 24,482 18,931 17,935 -5.3 -26.7
Rail Imports 8,063 4,613 4,549 -1.4 -43.6
Exports 4,447 2,746 2,816 2.6 -36.7
Pipeline Imports 7,655 2,907 3,082 6.0 -59.7
Exports 600 285 256 -10.3 -57.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. April 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with March of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to March in Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2008 -36.7 -28.3 -33.1
2007 -27.6 -18.1 -23.5
2006 -24.0 -13.5 -19.5
2005 -19.6 -8.3 -14.7
2004 -12.1 1.0 -6.5
2003 0.7 13.4 6.2
2002 -0.2 14.9 6.3
2001 0.2 14.3 6.3
2000 3.1 9.8 6.1
1999 19.5 24.9 22.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2008 March 2009 April 2009 Percent Change March 2009-April 2009 Percent Change April 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 27,636 15,942 15,563 -2.4 -43.7
Exports 21,222 15,106 14,654 -3.0 -30.9
Total 48,859 31,048 30,217 -2.7 -38.2
Truck Imports 12,858 9,323 8,637 -7.4 -32.8
Exports 16,185 11,715 11,133 -5.0 -31.2
Rail Imports 5,791 3,020 3,017 -0.1 -47.9
Exports 2,394 1,609 1,646 2.3 -31.3
Pipeline Imports 7,640 2,900 3,073 6.0 -59.8
Exports 529 247 212 -14.0 -59.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by April 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State April 2009
1  Michigan 3,278
2  Illinois 2,487
3  California 2,020
4  New York 1,985
5  Ohio 1,821
6  Texas 1,588
7  Pennsylvania 1,200
8  Washington 1,148
9  Minnesota 948
10  Indiana 931

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   April 2008 March 2009 April 2009 Percent Change March 2009-April 2009 Percent Change April 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 14,590 11,230 11,147 -0.7 -23.6
Exports 10,868 8,778 8,365 -4.7 -23.0
Total 25,458 20,007 19,512 -2.5 -23.4
Truck Imports 12,001 9,383 9,356 -0.3 -22.0
Exports 8,298 7,216 6,803 -5.7 -18.0
Rail Imports 2,272 1,593 1,532 -3.8 -32.5
Exports 2,054 1,137 1,170 3.0 -43.0
Pipeline Imports 15 7 9 26.9 -37.8
Exports 71 39 44 13.3 -38.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by April 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State April 2009
1  Texas 6,598
2  California 3,422
3  Michigan 1,741
4  Arizona 795
5  Illinois 680
6  Ohio 512
7  Tennessee 374
8  North Carolina 334
9  Pennsylvania 319
10  Wisconsin 301

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/