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June 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 31.5 Percent from June 2008

June 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 31.5 Percent from June 2008

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 41-09
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Monday, August 31, 2009 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 31.5 percent lower in June 2009 than in June 2008, dropping to $50.8 billion in the sixth consecutive month with a year-to-year decline of greater than 27 percent, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 6.0 percent in June 2009 from May 2009 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 88 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in June was down 8.4 percent compared to June 2004, and up 17.6 percent compared to June 1999, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in June were up 11.8 percent compared to June 1999, while exports were up 24.9 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $31.0 billion in June, down 36.6 percent compared to June 2008 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 34.8 percent lower in June 2009 compared to June 2008, while the value of exports carried by truck was 28.8 percent lower during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in June with $2.9 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $19.7 billion in June, down 21.8 percent compared to June 2008 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 18.0 percent lower in June 2009 than June 2008 while the value of exports carried by truck was 14.3 percent lower.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in June with $6.8 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. June TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Aug. 12.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release July TransBorder numbers on Sept. 30.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2007 2008 2009 Percent Change 2007 -2008 Percent Change 2008 - 2009
January 60,649 65,160 47,459 7.4 -27.2
February 59,667 69,406 47,938 16.3 -30.9
March 69,768 70,787 51,055 1.5 -27.9
April 65,015 74,317 49,729 14.3 -33.1
May 69,423 74,128 47,881 6.8 -35.4
June 69,526 74,139 50,753 6.6 -31.5
July 61,823 71,628   15.9  
August 69,158 72,254   4.5  
September 66,771 71,801   7.5  
October 74,249 72,683   -2.1  
November 70,352 60,661   -13.8  
December 60,902 52,910   -13.1  
Year-to-date 394,047 427,937 294,816 8.6 -31.1
Annual 797,303 829,875   4.1  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   June 2008 May 2009 June 2009 Percent Change May 2009 - June 2009 Percent Change June 2008 - 2009
All Surface Modes Imports 41,749 25,595 26,932 5.2 -35.5
Exports 32,390 22,286 23,820 6.9 -26.5
Total 74,139 47,881 50,753 6.0 -31.5
Truck Imports 24,441 17,233 17,902 3.9 -26.8
Exports 24,838 17,447 18,913 8.4 -23.9
Rail Imports 8,242 4,448 4,348 -2.2 -47.2
Exports 4,559 2,750 2,731 -0.7 -40.1
Pipeline Imports 7,601 2,904 3,760 29.5 -50.5
Exports 494 304 219 -27.8 -55.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. June 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with June of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to June in…                               Percent Change                         
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2008 -35.5 -26.5 -31.5
2007 -31.9 -20.5 -27.0
2006 -29.0 -17.7 -24.1
2005 -20.1 -7.3 -14.6
2004 -17.0 3.8 -8.4
2003 0.4 15.6 7.0
2002 3.7 18.0 10.0
2001 -3.3 14.0 4.1
2000 -4.9 6.8 0.2
1999 11.8 24.9 17.6

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   June 2008 May 2009 June 2009 Percent Change May 2009 - June 2009 Percent Change June 2008 - 2009
All Surface Modes Imports 27,338 14,799 15,971 7.9 -41.6
Exports 21,561 14,435 15,037 4.2 -30.3
Total 48,899 29,234 31,008 6.1 -36.6
Truck Imports 12,756 8,022 8,322 3.7 -34.8
Exports 16,437 11,091 11,709 5.6 -28.8
Rail Imports 5,837 3,098 3,235 4.4 -44.6
Exports 2,711 1,661 1,560 -6.1 -42.5
Pipeline Imports 7,587 2,892 3,745 29.5 -50.6
Exports 420 259 166 -35.7 -60.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by June 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State June 2009
1 Michigan 2,948
2 Illinois 2,939
3 California 2,247
4 New York 2,036
5 Ohio 1,958
6 Texas 1,469
7 Pennsylvania 1,301
8 Washington 1,050
9 Indiana 856
10 Tennessee 839

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   June 2008 May 2009 June 2009 Percent Change May 2009 - June 2009 Percent Change June 2008 - 2009
All Surface Modes Imports 14,411 10,796 10,962 1.5 -23.9
Exports 10,829 7,851 8,783 11.9 -18.9
Total 25,240 18,647 19,745 5.9 -21.8
Truck Imports 11,684 9,211 9,579 4.0 -18.0
Exports 8,401 6,356 7,204 13.3 -14.3
Rail Imports 2,405 1,350 1,114 -17.5 -53.7
Exports 1,847 1,089 1,171 7.6 -36.6
Pipeline Imports 15 12 15 29.8 3.2
Exports 74 45 53 17.7 -27.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by June 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State June 2009
1 Texas 6,751
2 California 3,571
3 Michigan 1,223
4 Arizona 746
5 Illinois 693
6 Ohio 498
7 North Carolina 407
8 Tennessee 399
9 Pennsylvania 360
10 New Jersey 344

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/