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July 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 28 Percent from July 2008

July 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 28 Percent from July 2008

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 46-09
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Wednesday, September 30, 2009 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 28 percent lower in July 2009 than in July 2008, dropping to $51.5 billion in the seventh consecutive month with a year-to-year decline of greater than 27 percent, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 1.6 percent in July 2009 from June 2009 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 88 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in July was up 7.2 percent compared to July 2004, and up 38.1 percent compared to July 1999, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in July were up 30.1 percent compared to July 1999, while exports were up 48.6 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $31.0 billion in July, down 33.8 percent compared to July 2008 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 29.0 percent lower in July 2009 compared to July 2008, while the value of exports carried by truck was 24.3 percent lower during this period.

Illinois led all states in surface trade with Canada in July with $3.1 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $20.5 billion in July, down 17.1 percent compared to July 2008 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 13.7 percent lower in July 2009 than July 2008 while the value of exports carried by truck was 14.7 percent lower.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in July with $7.3 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. July TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Sept. 10.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release August TransBorder numbers on Oct. 29.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2007 2008 2009 Percent Change      2007-2008 Percent Change      2008-2009
January 60,649 65,160 47,459 7.4 -27.2
February 59,667 69,406 47,938 16.3 -30.9
March 69,768 70,787 51,055 1.5 -27.9
April 65,015 74,317 49,729 14.3 -33.1
May 69,423 74,128 47,881 6.8 -35.4
June 69,526 74,139 50,753 6.6 -31.5
July 61,823 71,628 51,545 15.9 -28.0
August 69,158 72,254   4.5  
September 66,771 71,801   7.5  
October 74,249 72,683   -2.1  
November 70,352 60,661   -13.8  
December 60,902 52,910   -13.1  
Year-to-date 455,870 499,565 346,360 9.6 -30.7
Annual 797,303 829,875   4.1  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   July 2008 June 2009 July 2009 Percent Change June 2009 - July 2009 Percent Change July 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 40,241 26,932 27,611 2.5 -31.4
Exports 31,387 23,820 23,934 0.5 -23.7
Total 71,628 50,753 51,545 1.6 -28.0
Truck Imports 23,038 17,902 18,102 1.1 -21.4
Exports 23,762 18,913 18,829 -0.4 -20.8
Rail Imports 6,981 4,348 4,239 -2.5 -39.3
Exports 4,598 2,731 2,681 -1.8 -41.7
Pipeline Imports 8,551 3,760 4,225 12.4 -50.6
Exports 612 219 259 17.9 -57.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. July 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with July of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to July in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2008 -31.4 -23.7 -28.0
2007 -21.4 -10.3 -16.6
2006 -13.9 0.2 -7.9
2005 -3.8 14.1 3.7
2004 -1.9 20.0 7.2
2003 12.0 33.4 21.0
2002 14.7 38.0 24.5
2001 14.4 43.1 26.1
2000 14.3 33.7 22.5
1999 30.1 48.6 38.1

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   July 2008 June 2009 July 2009 Percent Change June 2009 - July 2009 Percent Change July 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 26,794 15,971 16,317 2.2 -39.1
Exports 20,068 15,037 14,703 -2.2 -26.7
Total 46,862 31,008 31,020 0.0 -33.8
Truck Imports 11,623 8,322 8,252 -0.8 -29.0
Exports 14,952 11,709 11,313 -3.4 -24.3
Rail Imports 5,292 3,235 3,060 -5.4 -42.2
Exports 2,730 1,560 1,471 -5.7 -46.1
Pipeline Imports 8,527 3,745 4,208 12.3 -50.7
Exports 477 166 166 -0.3 -65.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by July 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State July 2009
1 Illinois 3,096
2 Michigan 2,713
3 California 2,033
4 New York 1,918
5 Ohio 1,867
6 Texas 1,591
7 Washington 1,481
8 Pennsylvania 1,454
9 Indiana 921
10 Tennessee 828

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   July 2008 June 2009 July 2009 Percent Change June 2009 - July 2009 Percent Change July 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 13,447 10,962 11,294 3.0 -16.0
Exports 11,319 8,783 9,230 5.1 -18.5
Total 24,766 19,745 20,524 3.9 -17.1
Truck Imports 11,416 9,579 9,850 2.8 -13.7
Exports 8,810 7,204 7,516 4.3 -14.7
Rail Imports 1,689 1,114 1,178 5.8 -30.2
Exports 1,868 1,171 1,210 3.3 -35.2
Pipeline Imports 24 15 18 15.7 -25.9
Exports 136 53 93 74.4 -31.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by July 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State July 2009
1 Texas 7,342
2 California 3,601
3 Michigan 1,376
4 Illinois 699
5 Arizona 641
6 Ohio 519
7 Tennessee 395
8 North Carolina 388
9 Pennsylvania 362
10 Wisconsin 339

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/