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August 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 24.9 Percent from August 2008

August 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 24.9 Percent from August 2008

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 51-09
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, October 29, 2009 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 24.9 percent lower in August 2009 than in August 2008, dropping to $54.3 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 5.3 percent in August 2009 from July 2009 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 88 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in August was up 1.3 percent compared to August 2004, and up 26.0 percent compared to August 1999, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in August were up 18.8 percent compared to August 1999, while exports were up 35.5 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $32.9 billion in August, down 29.6 percent compared to August 2008 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 26.1 percent lower in August 2009 compared to August 2008, while the value of exports carried by truck was 17.0 percent lower during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in August with $3.8 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $21.3 billion in August, down 16.2 percent compared to August 2008 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 13.5 percent lower in August 2009 than August 2008 while the value of exports carried by truck was 14.7 percent lower.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in August with $7.4 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. August TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Oct. 9.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release September TransBorder numbers on Dec. 1.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of U.S. dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2007 2008 2009 Percent Change 2007-2008 Percent Change 2008-2009
January 60,649 65,160 47,459 7.4 -27.2
February 59,667 69,406 47,938 16.3 -30.9
March 69,768 70,787 51,055 1.5 -27.9
April 65,015 74,317 49,729 14.3 -33.1
May 69,423 74,128 47,881 6.8 -35.4
June 69,526 74,139 50,753 6.6 -31.5
July 61,823 71,628 51,545 15.9 -28.0
August 69,158 72,254 54,254 4.5 -24.9
September 66,771 71,801   7.5  
October 74,249 72,683   -2.1  
November 70,352 60,661   -13.8  
December 60,902 52,910   -13.1  
Year-to-date 525,028 571,819 400,614 8.9 -29.9
Annual 797,303 829,875   4.1  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of U.S. dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2008 July 2009 August 2009 Percent Change July 2009 - August 2009 Percent Change August 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 40,821 27,611 28,862 4.5 -29.3
Exports 31,434 23,934 25,392 6.1 -19.2
Total 72,254 51,545 54,254 5.3 -24.9
Truck Imports 22,919 18,102 18,380 1.5 -19.8
Exports 23,917 18,829 20,065 6.6 -16.1
Rail Imports 8,287 4,239 5,350 26.2 -35.4
Exports 4,779 2,681 3,074 14.7 -35.7
Pipeline Imports 8,151 4,225 4,130 -2.3 -49.3
Exports 367 259 147 -43.1 -59.9

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. August 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with August of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to August... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2008 -29.3 -19.2 -24.9
2007 -26.7 -14.8 -21.6
2006 -23.5 -11.3 -18.2
2005 -16.4 -1.1 -9.9
2004 -7.6 13.7 1.3
2003 11.2 33.2 20.5
2002 7.9 27.1 16.1
2001 8.0 24.4 15.1
2000 2.3 14.8 7.8
1999 18.8 35.5 26.0

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of U.S. dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2008 July 2009 August 2009 Percent Change July 2009 - August 2009 Percent Change August 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 26,804 16,317 16,955 3.9 -36.7
Exports 19,986 14,703 15,971 8.6 -20.1
Total 46,791 31,020 32,925 6.1 -29.6
Truck Imports 11,510 8,252 8,511 3.1 -26.1
Exports 14,960 11,313 12,423 9.8 -17.0
Rail Imports 6,054 3,060 3,589 17.3 -40.7
Exports 2,856 1,471 1,783 21.2 -37.6
Pipeline Imports 8,126 4,208 4,115 -2.2 -49.4
Exports 291 166 100 -39.7 -65.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by August 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of U.S. dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State August 2009
1 Michigan 3,826
2 Illinois 3,065
3 California 2,381
4 Ohio 2,151
5 New York 1,849
6 Texas 1,535
7 Pennsylvania 1,356
8 Washington 1,321
9 Indiana 1,249
10 Tennessee 928

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of U.S. dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   August 2008 July 2009 August 2009 Percent Change July 2009 - August 2009 Percent Change August 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 14,016 11,294 11,907 5.4 -15.0
Exports 11,448 9,230 9,421 2.1 -17.7
Total 25,464 20,524 21,328 3.9 -16.2
Truck Imports 11,410 9,850 9,869 0.2 -13.5
Exports 8,958 7,516 7,641 1.7 -14.7
Rail Imports 2,233 1,178 1,761 49.5 -21.1
Exports 1,923 1,210 1,291 6.7 -32.9
Pipeline Imports 25 18 15 -16.3 -40.5
Exports 76 93 47 -49.1 -37.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by August 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of U.S. dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State August 2009
1 Texas 7,352
2 California 3,519
3 Michigan 1,993
4 Illinois 705
5 Arizona 581
6 Ohio 557
7 Tennessee 460
8 Indiana 398
9 Pennsylvania 388
10 North Carolina 358

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/