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September 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 20.2 Percent from September 2008

September 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 20.2 Percent from September 2008

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 55-09
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Tuesday, December 1, 2009 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 20.2 percent lower in September 2009 than in September 2008, dropping to $57.3 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 5.6 percent in August 2009 from September 2009 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 88 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in September was up 4.3 percent compared to September 2004, and up 32.1 percent compared to September 1999, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in September were up 27.2 percent compared to September 1999, while exports were up 38.4 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $34.8 billion in September, down 25.7 percent compared to September 2008 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 24.5 percent lower in September 2009 compared to September 2008, while the value of exports carried by truck was 15.1 percent lower during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in September with $4.5 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $22.5 billion in September, down 10.0 percent compared to September 2008 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 7.0 percent lower in September 2009 than September 2008 while the value of exports carried by truck was 9.0 percent lower.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in September with $7.8 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. September TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as ofNov. 13.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release October TransBorder numbers on Jan 6, 2010.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2007 2008 2009 Percent Change      2007-2008 Percent Change 2008-2009
January 60,649 65,160 47,459 7.4 -27.2
February 59,667 69,406 47,938 16.3 -30.9
March 69,768 70,787 51,055 1.5 -27.9
April 65,015 74,317 49,729 14.3 -33.1
May 69,423 74,128 47,881 6.8 -35.4
June 69,526 74,139 50,753 6.6 -31.5
July 61,823 71,628 51,545 15.9 -28.0
August 69,158 72,254 54,254 4.5 -24.9
September 66,771 71,801 57,294 7.5 -20.2
October 74,249 72,683   -2.1  
November 70,352 60,661   -13.8  
December 60,902 52,910   -13.1  
Year-to-date 591,799 643,620 457,908 8.8 -28.9
Annual 797,303 829,875   4.1  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   September 2008 August 2009 September 2009 Percent Change August 2009 - September 2009 Percent Change September 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 40,304 28,862 30,817 6.8 -23.5
Exports 31,497 25,392 26,476 4.3 -15.9
Total 71,801 54,254 57,294 5.6 -20.2
Truck Imports 23,896 18,380 20,017 8.9 -16.2
Exports 24,175 20,065 21,057 4.9 -12.9
Rail Imports 7,327 5,350 5,648 5.6 -22.9
Exports 4,423 3,074 3,169 3.1 -28.3
Pipeline Imports 7,430 4,130 4,161 0.8 -44.0
Exports 505 147 185 26.0 -63.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. September 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with September of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to September in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2008 -23.5 -15.9 -20.2
2007 -18.0 -9.3 -14.2
2006 -14.9 -2.2 -9.5
2005 -13.2 3.1 -6.3
2004 -2.0 12.9 4.3
2003 9.7 27.5 17.2
2002 17.7 35.1 25.1
2001 25.9 47.1 34.9
2000 10.1 25.0 16.5
1999 27.2 38.4 32.1

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   September 2008 August 2009 September 2009 Percent Change August 2009 - September 2009 Percent Change September 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 26,708 16,955 18,154 7.1 -32.0
Exports 20,069 15,971 16,612 4.0 -17.2
Total 46,778 32,925 34,766 5.6 -25.7
Truck Imports 12,611 8,511 9,527 11.9 -24.5
Exports 15,354 12,423 13,028 4.9 -15.1
Rail Imports 5,408 3,589 3,776 5.2 -30.2
Exports 2,658 1,783 1,838 3.1 -30.8
Pipeline Imports 7,416 4,115 4,148 0.8 -44.1
Exports 206 100 99 -0.5 -51.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by September 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State September 2009
1 Michigan 4,491
2 Illinois 3,228
3 California 2,484
4 Ohio 2,357
5 New York 2,005
6 Texas 1,584
7 Pennsylvania 1,416
8 Washington 1,414
9 Indiana 1,118
10 Tennessee 954

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   September 2008 August 2009 September 2009 Percent Change August 2009 - September 2009 Percent Change September 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 13,596 11,907 12,663 6.3 -6.9
Exports 11,427 9,421 9,864 4.7 -13.7
Total 25,023 21,328 22,527 5.6 -10.0
Truck Imports 11,285 9,869 10,490 6.3 -7.0
Exports 8,821 7,641 8,029 5.1 -9.0
Rail Imports 1,919 1,761 1,872 6.3 -2.5
Exports 1,765 1,291 1,331 3.1 -24.6
Pipeline Imports 14 15 14 -6.9 -4.2
Exports 299 47 86 81.8 -71.2

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by September 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State September 2009
1 Texas 7,792
2 California 3,784
3 Michigan 2,264
4 Illinois 708
5 Arizona 606
6 Ohio 587
7 Tennessee 494
8 Pennsylvania 395
9 North Carolina 378
10 Indiana 373

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/