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October 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 15.5 Percent from October 2008

October 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 15.5 Percent from October 2008

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 01-10
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Wednesday, January 6, 2010 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 15.5 percent lower in October 2009 than in October 2008, dropping to $61.4 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico rose 7.2 percent in October 2009 from September 2009 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 88 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in October was up 7.9 percent compared to October 2004, and up 34.7 percent compared to October 1999, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in October were up 31.9 percent compared to October 1999, while exports were up 38.1 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $36.3 billion in October, down 19.0 percent compared to October 2008 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 15.8 percent lower in October 2009 compared to October 2008, while the value of exports carried by truck was 9.5 percent lower during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in October with $4.8 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $25.1 billion in October, down 10.0 percent compared to October 2008 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 4.2 percent lower in October 2009 than October 2008 while the value of exports carried by truck was 13.5 percent lower.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in October with $8.6 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. October TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as ofDec. 11.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release November TransBorder numbers on Jan. 28.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2007 2008 2009 Percent Change      2007-2008 Percent Change 2008-2009
January 60,649 65,160 47,459 7.4 -27.2
February 59,667 69,406 47,938 16.3 -30.9
March 69,768 70,787 51,055 1.5 -27.9
April 65,015 74,317 49,729 14.3 -33.1
May 69,423 74,128 47,881 6.8 -35.4
June 69,526 74,139 50,753 6.6 -31.5
July 61,823 71,628 51,545 15.9 -28.0
August 69,158 72,254 54,254 4.5 -24.9
September 66,771 71,801 57,294 7.5 -20.2
October 74,249 72,683 61,400 -2.1 -15.5
November 70,352 60,661   -13.8  
December 60,902 52,910   -13.1  
Year-to-date 666,049 716,304 519,308 7.5 -27.5
Annual 797,303 829,875   4.1  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2008 September 2009 October 2009 Percent Change September 2009 - October 2009 Percent Change October 2008 -2009
All Surface Modes Imports 39,905 30,817 33,104 7.4 -17.0
Exports 32,778 26,476 28,296 6.9 -13.7
Total 72,683 57,294 61,400 7.2 -15.5
Truck Imports 23,824 20,017 21,464 7.2 -9.9
Exports 25,316 21,057 22,511 6.9 -11.1
Rail Imports 7,625 5,648 6,292 11.4 -17.5
Exports 4,842 3,169 3,382 6.7 -30.1
Pipeline Imports 6,789 4,161 4,218 1.4 -37.9
Exports 303 185 237 27.8 -21.8

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. October 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with October of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to October in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2008 -17.0 -13.7 -15.5
2007 -21.1 -12.3 -17.3
2006 -12.8 -2.1 -8.1
2005 -11.0 5.6 -4.0
2004 1.6 16.5 7.9
2003 10.9 25.7 17.3
2002 17.5 31.9 23.7
2001 23.6 35.7 28.9
2000 13.0 26.2 18.7
1999 31.9 38.1 34.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2008 September 2009 October 2009 Percent Change September 2009 - October 2009 Percent Change October 2008 -2009
All Surface Modes Imports 25,048 18,154 19,009 4.7 -24.1
Exports 19,704 16,612 17,250 3.8 -12.5
Total 44,752 34,766 36,260 4.3 -19.0
Truck Imports 11,720 9,527 9,865 3.6 -15.8
Exports 15,098 13,028 13,669 4.9 -9.5
Rail Imports 5,233 3,776 4,143 9.7 -20.8
Exports 2,577 1,838 1,739 -5.4 -32.5
Pipeline Imports 6,768 4,148 4,201 1.3 -37.9
Exports 217 99 138 39.1 -36.4

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by October 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State October 2009
1 Michigan 4,774
2 Illinois 3,121
3 California 2,744
4 New York 2,291
5 Ohio 2,241
6 Texas 1,720
7 Pennsylvania 1,559
8 Washington 1,437
9 Indiana 1,136
10 Tennessee 1,033

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   October 2008 September 2009 October 2009 Percent Change September 2009 - October 2009 Percent Change October 2008 -2009
All Surface Modes Imports 14,857 12,663 14,095 11.3 -5.1
Exports 13,074 9,864 11,045 12.0 -15.5
Total 27,932 22,527 25,140 11.6 -10.0
Truck Imports 12,104 10,490 11,599 10.6 -4.2
Exports 10,218 8,029 8,842 10.1 -13.5
Rail Imports 2,392 1,872 2,149 14.8 -10.2
Exports 2,265 1,331 1,643 23.5 -27.5
Pipeline Imports 21 14 18 29.8 -15.5
Exports 86 86 99 14.8 15.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by October 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State October 2009
1 Texas 8,596
2 California 4,363
3 Michigan 2,681
4 Illinois 802
5 Arizona 745
6 Ohio 626
7 Tennessee 528
8 Indiana 449
9 Pennsylvania 398
10 North Carolina 398

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/