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November 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 2.9 Percent from November 2008

November 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 2.9 Percent from November 2008

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 05-10
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, January 28, 2010 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 2.9 percent lower in November 2009 than in November 2008, dropping to $58.9 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico fell 4.0 percent in November 2009 from October 2009 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail and pipeline. About 88 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves on land.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in November was up 5.0 percent compared to November 2004, and up 28.5 percent compared to November 1999, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in November were up 25.1 percent compared to November 1999, while exports were up 32.7 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $35.0 billion in November, down 7.2 percent compared to November 2008 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 6.1 percent lower in November 2009 compared to November 2008, while the value of exports carried by truck was 1.8 percent lower during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in November with $4.3 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $23.9 billion in November, up 4.4 percent compared to November 2008 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 11.5 percent higher in November 2009 than November 2008 while the value of exports carried by truck was 1.7 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in November with $8.2 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. November TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as ofJan. 14.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release December TransBorder numbers on March 2.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2007 2008 2009 Percent Change 2007-2008 Percent Change 2008-2009
January 60,649 65,160 47,459 7.4 -27.2
February 59,667 69,406 47,938 16.3 -30.9
March 69,768 70,787 51,055 1.5 -27.9
April 65,015 74,317 49,729 14.3 -33.1
May 69,423 74,128 47,881 6.8 -35.4
June 69,526 74,139 50,753 6.6 -31.5
July 61,823 71,628 51,545 15.9 -28.0
August 69,158 72,254 54,254 4.5 -24.9
September 66,771 71,801 57,294 7.5 -20.2
October 74,249 72,683 61,400 -2.1 -15.5
November 70,352 60,661 58,922 -13.8 -2.9
December 60,902 52,910   -13.1  
Year-to-date 736,401 776,965 578,231 5.5 -25.6
Annual 797,303 829,875   4.1  

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Note: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   November 2008 October 2009 November 2009 Percent Change October 2009 - November 2009 Percent Change November 2008 -2009
All Surface Modes Imports 32,808 33,104 31,693 -4.3 -3.4
Exports 27,853 28,296 27.229 -3.8 -2.2
Total 60,661 61,400 58,922 -4.0 -2.9
Truck Imports 19,714 21,464 20,236 -5.7 2.6
Exports 21,328 22,511 21,225 -5.7 -0.5
Rail Imports 6,673 6,292 6,126 -2.6 -9.4
Exports 3,949 3,382 3,480 2.9 -11.9
Pipeline Imports 5,140 4,218 4,187 -0.8 -18.5
Exports 343 237 281 18.4 -18.3

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. November 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Compared with November of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to November in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2008 -3.4 -2.2 -2.9
2007 -20.1 -11.3 -16.2
2006 -13.9 -2.8 -9.1
2005 -12.9 2.7 -6.3
2004 -1.0 12.8 5.0
2003 15.9 28.9 21.6
2002 20.9 35.4 27.2
2001 26.2 41.0 32.7
2000 12.5 26.0 18.3
1999 25.1 32.7 28.5

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   November 2008 October 2009 November 2009 Percent Change October 2009 - November 2009 Percent Change November 2008 -2009
All Surface Modes Imports 20,433 19,009 18,168 -4.4 -11.1
Exports 17,349 17,250 16,880 -2.1 -2.7
Total 37,782 36,260 35,048 -3.3 -7.2
Truck Imports 9,907 9,865 9,299 -5.7 -6.1
Exports 13,267 13,669 13,026 -4.7 -1.8
Rail Imports 4,546 4,143 3,923 -5.3 -13.7
Exports 2,143 1,739 1,899 9.2 -11.4
Pipeline Imports 5,132 4,201 4,172 -0.7 -18.7
Exports 255 138 208 50.1 -18.7

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by November 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State November 2009
1 Michigan 4,331
2 Illinois 3,087
3 California 2,571
4 Ohio 2,255
5 New York 2,154
6 Texas 1,788
7 Washington 1,531
8 Indiana 1,285
9 Pennsylvania 1,278
10 Tennessee 975

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   November 2008 October 2009 November 2009 Percent Change October 2009 - November 2009 Percent Change November 2008 -2009
All Surface Modes Imports 12,375 14,095 13,525 -4.0 9.3
Exports 10,504 11,045 10,349 -6.3 -1.5
Total 22,879 25,140 23,875 -5.0 4.4
Truck Imports 9,807 11,599 10,937 -5.7 11.5
Exports 8,061 8,842 8,199 -7.3 1.7
Rail Imports 2,217 2,149 2,203 2.5 -0.6
Exports 1,805 1,643 1,580 -3.8 -12.5
Pipeline Imports 8 18 15 -17.9 92.8
Exports 88 99 73 -26.0 -17.1

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/

Notes: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by November 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State November 2009
1 Texas 8,232
2 California 3,932
3 Michigan 2,651
4 Arizona 766
5 Illinois 700
6 Ohio 605
7 Tennessee 521
8 Indiana 507
9 North Carolina 392
10 New Jersey 345

Source: BTS TransBorder Freight Data, http://www.bts.gov/transborder/