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December 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 10.5 Percent from December 2008

December 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Rose 10.5 Percent from December 2008

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 10-10
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Wednesday, March 3, 2010 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico was 10.5 percent higher in December 2009 than in December 2008, with a value of $58.5 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation (Table 1). The increase was the first over the same month of the previous year since September 2008 but the value of trade in December still remained 4.0 percent below the value in December 2007.

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration, reported that the value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico fell 0.8 percent in December 2009 from November 2009 (Table 2). Month-to-month changes can be affected by seasonal variations and other factors.

Surface transportation consists largely of freight movements by truck, rail, and pipeline. About 85 percent of U.S. trade by value with Canada and Mexico moves by land modes.

The value of U.S. surface transportation trade with Canada and Mexico in December was up 12.3 percent compared to December 2004, and up 36.6 percent compared to December 1999, a period of 10 years (Table 3). Imports in December were up 37.0 percent compared to December 1999, while exports were up 36.2 percent.

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S.Canada surface transportation trade totaled $35.4 billion in December, up 7.8 percent compared to December 2008 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 2.3 percent lower in December 2009 compared to December 2008, while the value of exports carried by truck increased 11.2 percent during this period.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in December with $4.7 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $23.0 billion in December, up 15.0 percent compared to December 2008 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 15.5 percent higher in December 2009 than December 2008 while the value of exports carried by truck was 10.4 percent higher.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in December with $7.9 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Data are a unique subset of official U.S. foreign trade statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau. New data are tabulated monthly and historical data are not adjusted for inflation. December TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Feb. 16.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on TransBorder Freight Data and data from previous months are posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/. BTS will release a summary of annual TransBorder data on March 18 and January TransBorder numbers on March 30.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Month 2007 2008 2009 Percent Change 2007-2008 Percent Change 2008-2009
January 60,649 65,160 47,459 7.4 -27.2
February 59,667 69,406 47,938 16.3 -30.9
March 69,768 70,787 51,055 1.5 -27.9
April 65,015 74,317 49,729 14.3 -33.1
May 69,423 74,128 47,881 6.8 -35.4
June 69,526 74,139 50,753 6.6 -31.5
July 61,823 71,628 51,545 15.9 -28.0
August 69,158 72,254 54,254 4.5 -24.9
September 66,771 71,801 57,294 7.5 -20.2
October 74,249 72,683 61,400 -2.1 -15.5
November 70,352 60,661 58,922 -13.8 -2.9
December 60,902 52,910 58,465 -13.1 10.5
Annual 797,303 829,875 636,695 4.1 -23.3

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on TransBorder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of Feb. 22, 2010.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   December 2008 November 2009 December 2009 Percent Change Nov. 2009-Dec. 2009 Percent Change December 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 28,908 31,693 32,030 1.1 10.8
Exports 24,002 27,229 26,435 -2.9 10.1
Total 52,910 58,922 58,465 -0.8 10.5
Truck Imports 18,042 20,236 19,223 -5.0 6.5
Exports 18,576 21,225 20,600 -2.9 10.9
Rail Imports 5,263 6,126 6,451 5.3 22.6
Exports 3,010 3,480 3,317 -4.7 10.2
Pipeline Imports 4,384 4,187 5,125 22.4 16.9
Exports 261 281 373 32.9 42.7

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on TransBorder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of Feb. 22, 2010.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3. December 2009 Surface Trade with Canada and MexicoCompared with December of Prior Years

Excel | CSV

Compared to December in... Percent Change
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2008 10.8 10.1 10.5
2007 -7.2 0.1 -4.0
2006 -5.5 5.2 -1.0
2005 -7.2 7.6 -1.1
2004 8.0 18.0 12.3
2003 23.5 35.7 28.7
2002 35.8 53.7 43.3
2001 47.0 60.7 52.9
2000 25.0 38.1 30.6
1999 37.0 36.2 36.6

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on TransBorder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of Feb. 22, 2010.

Table 4. U.S. Surface Trade with Canada by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   December 2008 November 2009 December 2009 Percent Change Nov. 2009-Dec. 2009 Percent Change December 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 17,821 18,168 18,926 4.2 6.2
Exports 15,072 16,880 16,521 -2.1 9.6
Total 32,893 35,048 35,447 1.1 7.8
Truck Imports 9,047 9,299 8,836 -5.0 -2.3
Exports 11,488 13,026 12,776 -1.9 11.2
Rail Imports 3,484 3,923 4,121 5.0 18.3
Exports 1,679 1,899 1,825 -3.9 8.7
Pipeline Imports 4,378 4,172 5,107 22.4 16.7
Exports 217 208 251 21.0 15.9

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on TransBorder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of Feb. 22, 2010.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by December 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State December 2009
1   Michigan 4,703
2   Illinois 3,517
3   California 2,206
4   Ohio 2,155
5   New York 2,002
6   Texas 1,721
7   Washington 1,695
8   Pennsylvania 1,283
9   Indiana 1,194
10   Tennessee 917

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on TransBorder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of Feb. 22, 2010.

Table 6. U.S. Surface Trade with Mexico by Mode of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   December 2008 November 2009 December 2009 Percent Change Nov. 2009-Dec. 2009 Percent Change December 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 11,086 13,525 13,104 -3.1 18.2
Exports 8,931 10,349 9,914 -4.2 11.0
Total 20,017 23,875 23,018 -3.6 15.0
Truck Imports 8,996 10,937 10,387 -5.0 15.5
Exports 7,088 8,199 7,824 -4.6 10.4
Rail Imports 1,779 2,203 2,330 5.8 31.0
Exports 1,332 1,580 1,491 -5.6 12.0
Pipeline Imports 6 15 18 21.6 197.9
Exports 45 73 122 66.5 172.7

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on TransBorder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of Feb.22, 2010.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation.  For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the TransBorder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

Ranked by December 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State December 2009
1   Texas 7,892
2   California 3,648
3   Michigan 2,709
4   Arizona 800
5   Illinois 673
6   Ohio 546
7   Tennessee 459
8   North Carolina 397
9   Indiana 391
10   Wisconsin 330

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on TransBorder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of Feb.22, 2010.