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2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 23.3 Percent from 2008

2009 Surface Trade with Canada and Mexico Fell 23.3 Percent from 2008

(State Rankings in Tables 5 and 7)

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BTS 14-10
Dave Smallen
202-366-5568

Thursday, March 18, 2010 - Trade using surface transportation between the United States and its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico decreased by 23.3 percent in 2009 compared to 2008, dropping to $637 billion, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation. The 23.3 percent decline in trade was the largest year-to-year decline for the 15 years covered by these data. NAFTA went into effect in 1994 (Table 1).

BTS, a part of the Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), reported that the value of trade by surface transportation with Canada and Mexico decreased by 31.1 percent during the first six months of 2009 compared to the same period in 2008. It decreased by 14.9 percent in the final six months of the year but increased by 10.5 percent in December compared to December 2008. For 2009 data by month, see the BTS December 2009 North American Surface Freight press release.

Total North American surface transportation imports decreased by 26.5 percent in 2009 from 2008, and exports decreased by 19.2 percent during the same period (Table 2).

In 2009, 86.6 percent of U.S. merchandise trade by value with Canada and Mexico moved on land. Total North American surface transportation trade value in 2009 increased 0.5 percent compared to 2004, and was up 27.0 percent compared to 1999, a period of 10 years (Table 3).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada

U.S. - Canada surface transportation trade totaled $386 billion in 2009, a decrease of 28.1 percent compared to 2008 (Table 4). The value of imports carried by truck was 25.7 percent lower in 2009 than 2008 while the value of exports carried by truck was 20.2 percent lower.

Michigan led all states in surface trade with Canada in 2009 with $42.5 billion (Table 5).

U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Mexico

U.S.Mexico surface transportation trade totaled $251.0 billion in 2009, a decrease of 14.4 percent compared to 2008 (Table 6). The value of imports carried by truck was 12.2 percent lower in 2009 than in 2008 while the value of exports carried by truck was 10.8 percent lower.

Texas led all states in surface trade with Mexico in 2009 with $86.0 billion (Table 7).

The TransBorder Freight Dataset is a special extract of the official U.S. foreign trade statistics. The data are obtained by BTS from the U.S. Census Bureaus Foreign Trade Division. TransBorder numbers include data received by BTS as of Feb. 16.

The news release and summary tables can be found at www.bts.gov. More information on Transborder freight data is posted on the BTS website at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/.

Table 1. Annual Value of U.S. Surface Transportation Trade with Canada and Mexico and Percent Change from Previous Year

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Year Amount Percent Change from Previous Year
1995 370,265 NA
1996 410,382 10.8
1997 425,977 3.8
1998 451,736 6.0
1999 501,250 11.0
2000 575,713 14.9
2001 547,312 -4.9
2002 540,795 -1.2
2003 562,776 4.1
2004 633,563 12.6
2005 697,987 10.2
2006 760,127 8.9
2007 797,303 4.9
2008 829,875 4.1
2009 636,695 -23.3

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2010.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

Table 2. U.S. Merchandise Trade with Canada andMexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2007 2008 2009 Percent Change 2007-2008 Percent Change 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 452,486 464,606 341,665 2.7 -26.5
Exports 344,817 365,269 295,031 5.9 -19.2
Total 797,303 829,875 636,695 4.1 -23.3
Truck Imports 287,441 275,577 222,866 -4.1 -19.1
Exports 267,390 278,857 231,961 4.3 -16.8
Rail Imports 93,022 89,022 60,361 -4.3 -32.2
Exports 44,837 51,403 35,263 14.6 -31.4
Pipeline Imports 55,184 82,212 45,786 49.0 -44.3
Exports 4,122 5,564 3,420 35.0 -38.5

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2010.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. It also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation. For additional detail refer to the "Data Fields" Section of the Transborder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 3.Prior Year Surface Trade with Canada andMexico Compared with 2009

Excel | CSV

2009 Compared to Percent Change to 2009
Imports Exports Total Surface Trade
2008 -26.5 -19.2 -23.3
2007 -24.5 -14.4 -20.1
2006 -21.3 -9.5 -16.2
2005 -14.8 -0.7 -8.8
2004 -6.2 9.6 0.5
2003 6.0 22.7 13.1
2002 10.5 27.4 17.7
2001 9.3 25.8 16.3
2000 5.5 17.1 10.6
1999 22.6 32.6 27.0

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2010.

Table 4. U.S. Merchandise Trade withCanada by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2007 2008 2009 Percent Change 2007-2008 Percent Change 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 284,773 301,128 201,089 5.7 -33.2
Exports 226,058 235,681 184,653 4.3 -21.7
Total 510,831 536,809 385,742 5.1 -28.1
Truck Imports 150,404 141,353 105,079 -6.0 -25.7
Exports 174,343 178,593 142,545 2.4 -20.2
Rail Imports 65,962 63,757 41,058 -3.3 -35.6
Exports 25,497 29,438 19,973 15.5 -32.2
Pipeline Imports 55,016 82,018 45,630 49.1 -44.4
Exports 3,334 4,313 2,632 29.3 -39.0

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2010.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. It also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation. For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the Transborder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 5. Top 10 States Trading with Canada by Surface Modes of Transportation in 2009

Ranked by 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State 2009
1 Michigan 42,453
2 Illinois 34,707
3 California 26,170
4 New York 24,301
5 Ohio 23,746
6 Texas 19,848
7 Washington 15,945
8 Pennsylvania 15,871
9 Indiana 12,174
10 Tennessee 10,881

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2010.

Table 6. U.S. Merchandise Trade withMexico by Surface Modes of Transportation

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Mode   2007 2008 2009 Percent Change 2007 - 2008 Percent Change 2008-2009
All Surface Modes Imports 167,713 163,478 140,576 -2.5 -14.0
Exports 118,758 129,587 110,378 9.1 -14.8
Total 286,472 293,065 250,954 2.3 -14.4
Truck Imports 137,037 134,224 117,787 -2.1 -12.2
Exports 93,047 100,264 89,417 7.8 -10.8
Rail Imports 27,060 25,265 19,303 -6.6 -23.6
Exports 19,340 21,965 15,291 13.6 -30.4
Pipeline Imports 169 193 155 14.6 -19.6
Exports 787 1,250 788 58.8 -37.0

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2010.

NOTE: Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding. Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding. The value of trade for all surface modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail and pipeline modes. It also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, other and unknown modes of transportation. For additional detail refer to the Data Fields Section of the Transborder web page: http://www.bts.gov/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Table 7. Top 10 States Trading with Mexico by Surface Modes of Transportation in 2009

Ranked by 2009 Surface Trade Value

(millions of dollars)

Excel | CSV

Rank State 2009
1 Texas 86,043
2 California 42,822
3 Michigan 22,237
4 Arizona 8,952
5 Illinois 8,455
6 Ohio 6,557
7 Tennessee 5,081
8 North Carolina 4,391
9 Pennsylvania 4,191
10 Indiana 3,985

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on Transborder Freight Data, available at http://www.bts.gov/transborder/, as of February 22, 2010.